School of Mathematics and Statistics - Research Publications

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    A Linear-Time Algorithm to Find a Separator in a Graph Excluding a Minor
    Reed, B ; Wood, DR (ASSOC COMPUTING MACHINERY, 2009-10-01)
    Let G be an n -vertex m -edge graph with weighted vertices. A pair of vertex sets A , B ⊆ V ( G ) is a 2/3 -separation of order | A ∩ B | if A ∪ B = V ( G ), there is no edge between A − B and B − A , and both A − B and B − A have weight at most 2/3 the total weight of G . Let ℓ ∈ Z + be fixed. Alon et al. [1990] presented an algorithm that in O ( n 1/2 m ) time, outputs either a K ℓ -minor of G , or a separation of G of order O ( n 1/2 ). Whether there is a O ( n + m )-time algorithm for this theorem was left as an open problem. In this article, we obtain a O ( n + m )-time algorithm at the expense of a O ( n 2/3 ) separator. Moreover, our algorithm exhibits a trade-off between time complexity and the order of the separator. In particular, for any given ϵ ∈ [0,1/2], our algorithm outputs either a K ℓ -minor of G , or a separation of G with order O ( n (2−ϵ)/3 in O ( n 1 + ϵ + m ) time. As an application we give a fast approximation algorithm for finding an independent set in a graph with no K ℓ-minor.