Economics - Research Publications

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    Constructing occupation‐specific life tables for China
    Li, H ; Hanewald, K ; Liao, P (Society of Actuaries, 2019)
    This report documents the “Constructing Occupation-Specific Life Tables for China” project commissioned by the Society of Actuaries under the “China Research Topics” proposal. The purpose of the project is to construct the most up-to-date occupational life tables for male and female urban employees in China based on administrative data from the Beijing Public Pension System for the period 2005–2009.
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    Public Perceptions Of Housing Benefits Tax In Papua New Guinea
    Ozmen, M ; Devos, K ; Odhuno, F ; Wangi, T (National Research Institute, 2019)
    One of the major tax policy measures in the 2017 Papua New Guinea (PNG) National Government Budget was the proposal to increase the taxable component of employer-provided housing benefit. The flurry, however, of newspaper reports that followed the announcement suggests that public belief in the fairness of this proposal was mixed, at best. The objective of this study is to measure and assess the dimensions that influence public’s perceptions about the fairness of increasing the taxable component of employer-provided accommodation. To do this, data were obtained from a survey of public and private sector employees in four major urban centres: Madang, Lae, Goroka, and Port Moresby.
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    Changing the Life Trajectories of Australia's Most Vulnerable Children - Report No. 2 The first twelve months in the Early Years Education Program: An initial assessment of the impact on children and their primary caregivers
    Tseng, Y ; Jordan, B ; Borland, J ; Coombs, N ; Cotter, K ; Hill, A ; Kennedy, A (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, 2018)
    This report presents initial findings on the impact on children and their primary caregivers after twelve months of enrollment in the Early Years Education Program (EYEP). EYEP is a model of early years care and education targeted at the particular needs of children who are exposed to significant family stress and social disadvantage. Children who participate in EYEP are offered three years of care and education (50 weeks per year, five hours per day each week). Key features of EYEP are high staff/child ratios, qualified and experienced staff, an infant mental health consultant in the team and a rigorously developed curriculum. A relationship-based pedagogy is used to ensure that children are ready for learning. The ultimate objective of EYEP is to ensure that at-risk and vulnerable children realise their full potential and arrive at school developmentally and educationally equal to their peers. The impact of EYEP is being evaluated through a Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) as part of the Early Years Education Research Program (EYERP); otherwise referred to in this report as the ‘EYEP trial’. Children for whom consent was given to participate in the EYEP trial were randomly assigned into either an intervention group who were enrolled in EYEP or to a control group. Estimates of the impact of EYEP on children and their primary caregivers are derived from comparisons of outcomes between the intervention group and the control group. Measurement of outcomes described in this report took place twelve months after entry to the trial.
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    The emotional consequences of donation opportunities
    Aknin, LB ; Mayraz, G ; Helliwell, JF ; Mayaz, G ; Aknin, L ; Helliwell, JF (Taylor & Francis, 2017-03-04)
    Charities often circulate widespread donation appeals to garner support for campaigns, but what impact do these campaigns have on the well-being of individuals who choose to donate, those who choose not to donate, and the entire group exposed to the campaign? Here we investigate these questions by exploring the changes in affect reported by individuals who donate in response to a charitable request and those who do not. We also look at the change in affect reported by the entire sample to measure the net impact of the donation request. Results reveal that large donors experience hedonic boosts from their charitable actions, and the substantial fraction of large donors translates to a net positive influence on the well-being of the entire sample. Thus, under certain conditions, donation opportunities can enable people to help others while also increasing the overall well-being of the population of potential donors.
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