Medicine (St Vincent's) - Research Publications

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    Interpretive subgroup analysis extends modified grounded theory research findings in oncologic music therapy
    O'Callaghan, C ; Hiscock, R (OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2007-09-01)
    Following an investigation into oncologic patients' experiences of the helpfulness of music therapy (O'Callaghan & McDermott, 2004), it was considered that examining relationships between specific patient characteristics and their responses could yield further interesting understandings. "Interpretative subgroup analysis" is introduced, which adapts principles of subgroup analysis in quantitative research to textual data analysis. Anonymous written responses from 128 oncologic patients were analyzed to compare responses from (a) those that had one music therapy session with those who had more than one session, (b) males and females, and (c) middle and older aged respondents. The number of music therapy sessions had scant effect on reported music therapy experiences, and males were much more likely to return questionnaires but much less likely to participate. Unlike some females, males always described positive affective responses when experiencing both sad and positive memories. Variations in the middle and older aged subgroups were evident in type of affective response, and emphases in descriptions of memories and music therapy's effect. Implications of these findings for music therapy practice are considered. Interpretive subgroup analysis is recommended for extending understanding of subjective within group experiences in music therapy research incorporating a grounded theory approach and large enough samples.
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    Music Therapy CD Creation for Initial Pediatric Radiation Therapy: A Mixed Methods Analysis
    Barry, P ; O'Callaghan, C ; Wheeler, G ; Grocke, D (OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC, 2010-09-01)
    A mixed methods research design was used to investigate the effects of a music therapy CD (MTCD) creation intervention on pediatric oncology patients' distress and coping during their first radiation therapy treatment. The music therapy method involved children creating a music CD using interactive computer-based music software, which was "remixed" by the music therapist-researcher to extend the musical material. Eleven pediatric radiation therapy outpatients aged 6 to 13 years were randomly assigned to either an experimental group, in which they could create a music CD prior to their initial treatment to listen to during radiation therapy, or to a standard care group. Quantitative and qualitative analyses generated multiple perceptions from the pediatric patients, parents, radiation therapy staff, and music therapist-researcher. Ratings of distress during initial radiation therapy treatment were low for all children. The comparison between the two groups found that 67% of the children in the standard care group used social withdrawal as a coping strategy, compared to 0% of the children in the music therapy group; this trend approached significance (p = 0.076). MTCD creation was a fun, engaging, and developmentally appropriate intervention for pediatric patients, which offered a positive experience and aided their use of effective coping strategies to meet the demands of their initial radiation therapy treatment.
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    Objectivist and Constructivist Music Therapy Research in Oncology and Palliative Care: An Overview and Reflection
    O’callaghan, C (International Association for Music and Medicine, 2009-01-01)
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    Indigenous music therapy theory building through grounded theory research: The developing indigenous theory framework
    Daveson, B ; O'Callaghan, C ; Grocke, D (PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2008-01-01)