Computing and Information Systems - Theses

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    Similarity analysis with advanced relationships on big data
    Huang, Jin ( 2015)
    Similarity analytic techniques such as distance based joins and regularized learning models are critical tools employed in numerous data mining and machine learning tasks. We focus on two typical such techniques in the context of large scale data and distributed clusters. Advanced distance metrics such as the Earth Mover's Distance (EMD) are usually employed to capture the similarity between data dimensions. The high computational cost of EMD calls for a distributed solution, yet it is difficult to achieve a balanced workloads given the skewed distribution of the EMDs. We propose efficient bounding techniques and effective workload scheduling strategies on the Hadoop platform to design a scalable solution, named HEADS-Join. We investigate both the range joins and the top-k joins, and explore different computation paradigms including MapReduce, BSP, and Spark. We conduct comprehensive experiments and confirm that the proposed techniques achieve an order of magnitude speedup over the state-of-the-art MapReduce join algorithms. The hypergraph model is demonstrated to achieve excellent effectiveness in a wide range of applications where high-order relationships are of interest. When processing a large scale hypergraph, the straightforward approach is to convert it to a graph and reuse the distributed graph frameworks. However, such an approach significantly increases the problem size, incurs excessive replicas due to partitioning, and renders it extremely difficult to achieve a balanced workloads. We propose a novel scalable framework, named HyperX, to directly operate on a distributed hypergraph representation and minimize the numbers of replicas while still maintain a great workload balance among the distributed machines. We closely investigate an optimization problem of partitioning a hypergraph in the context of distributed computation. With extensive experiments, we confirm that HyperX achieve an order of magnitude improvement over the graph conversion approach in terms of the execution time, network communication, and memory consumption.