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ItemDigital forensics: increasing the evidential weight of system activity logsAHMAD, ATIF ( 2007)The application of investigative techniques within digital environments has lead to the emergence of a new field of specialization that may be termed ‘digital forensics’. Perhaps the primary challenge concerning digital forensic investigations is how to preserve evidence of system activity given the volatility of digital environments and the delay between the time of the incident and the start of the forensic investigation. This thesis hypothesizes that system activity logs present in modern operating systems may be used for digital forensic evidence collection. This is particularly true in modern organizations where there is growing recognition that forensic readiness may have considerable benefits in case of future litigation. An investigation into the weighting of evidence produced by system activity logs present in modern operating systems takes place in this thesis. The term ‘evidential weight’ is used loosely as a measure of the suitability of system activity logs to digital forensic investigations. This investigation is approached from an analytical perspective. The first contribution of this thesis is to determine the evidence collection capability of system activity logs by a simple model of the logging mechanism. The second contribution is the development of evidential weighting criteria that can be applied to system activity logs. A unique and critical role for system activity logs by which they establish the reliability of other kinds of computer-derived evidence from hard disk media is also identified. The primary contribution of this thesis is the identification of a comprehensive range of forensic weighting issues arising from the use of log evidence that concern investigators and legal authorities. This contribution is made in a comprehensive analytical discussion utilizing both the logging model and the evidential weighting criteria. The practical usefulness of the resulting evidential weighting framework is demonstrated by rigorous and systematic application to a real-world logging system.