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    Multilevel interventions as climate change adaptation response to protect maternal and child health: a scoping review protocol
    Lokmic-Tomkins, Z ; Bhandari, D ; Watterson, J ; Pollock, WE ; Cochrane, L ; Robinson, E ; Su, TT (BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP, 2023-07)
    INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence suggests that climate change-related extreme weather events adversely impact maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes, which requires effective, sustainable and culturally appropriate interventions at individual, community and policy levels to minimise these impacts. This scoping review proposes to map the evidence available on the type, characteristics and outcomes of multilevel interventions implemented as adaptational strategies to protect MCH from the possible adverse effects of climate change. METHODS: The following databases will be searched: Embase, MEDLINE, Emcare, EPPI-Centre database of health promotion research (BiblioMap) EPPI-Centre Database for promoting Health Effectiveness Reviews (DoPHER), Global Health, CINAHL, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP Database, Maternity and Infant Care Database, Education Resource Information Center, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science and Global Index Medicus, which indexes Latin America and the Caribbean, Index Medicus for the South-East Asia Region, African Index Medicus, Western Pacific Region Index Medicus. Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, ClinicalTrials.gov, conference proceedings, thesis and dissertations, policy and guidelines and their reference lists will also be searched. Two reviewers will independently screen titles and abstracts and full text based on predefined eligibility criteria. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews using the Population, Concept and Context framework and the Template for Intervention Description and Replication checklist will be used to structure and report the findings. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics permission to conduct the scoping review is not required as the information collected is publicly available through databases. Findings will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication and conference presentations.
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    Peter J Lor: mentor and mentee unbounded
    Thomas, G (Emerald, 2024)
    Purpose: An attribute common throughout Lor’s distinguished career has been a passion for learning and continuous improvement in an approach that sets high standards, both for himself and others. Taking on the informal mantle of both mentor and mentee, these contributions have blended with no clear boundaries or timelines. Design/methodology/approach: Lor has been active in the library and information sector (LIS) landscape since the 1960s. A stalwart of the library and information profession, the author is being honoured by International Federation of Library Associations and Institution (IFLA) with a prestigious festschrift in recognition of a librarian who has made a sustained contribution to the library and information profession over decades with significant impact on academia, scholarship, praxis, communities and individual librarians. Findings: Lor is recognized as a lifelong mentee as evidenced by his unbounded forays into discovery driven by a natural curiosity that, in turn, shaped his approach to mentoring through teaching, instilling best practices in research methodology and significant contributions to international librarianship. Today this continues in a regular column for South African librarians, drawing from the international literature of books, libraries and information, his role as a key figure in the establishment of Library and Information Association of South Africa (LIASA) in the 1990s, as well as experience from close involvement in developing LIS policies for post-apartheid South Africa, drafting guidelines for national library legislation and serving as IFLA Secretary-General in The Hague. Originality/value: This viewpoint has been an attempt to share reflections on one individual’s lifetime of influence without borders or timelines. Without doubt, Lor’s global mentorship reach remains unbounded in his approach to critical thinking and desire for continuous improvement for himself and others.
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    #chatsafe 2.0. updated guidelines to support young people to communicate safely online about self-harm and suicide: A Delphi expert consensus study
    Robinson, J ; Thorn, P ; McKay, S ; Hemming, L ; Battersby-Coulter, R ; Cooper, C ; Veresova, M ; Li, A ; Reavley, N ; Rice, S ; Lamblin, M ; Pirkis, J ; Reidenberg, D ; Harrison, V ; Skehan, J ; La Sala, L ; Ciobanu, LG (PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2023-08-02)
    INTRODUCTION: Young people use social media to communicate about self-harm and suicide and this is associated with both potential risks and protective effects. The #chatsafe guidelines were originally developed in 2018 to equip young people to communicate safely online about suicide. They were shown to be safe, acceptable, and beneficial; however, they do not provide guidance on self-harm, and social media is constantly evolving. This study aimed to update the #chatsafe guidelines to reflect new evidence and current social media affordances, and to include guidance on self-harm. METHODS: A Delphi expert consensus study was conducted, comprising six stages: 1) A systematic search of peer-reviewed and grey literature; 2) A series of roundtables with key stakeholders including social media companies, policymakers, and young people; 3) Questionnaire development; 4) Expert panel formation; 5) Data collection and analysis; and 6) Guideline development. RESULTS: A total of 191 items were included in the new #chatsafe guidelines. These were organised into eight themes, which became the overarching sections of the guidelines: 1) General tips; 2) Creating self-harm and suicide content; 3) Consuming self-harm and suicide content; 4) Livestreams of self-harm and suicide acts; 4) Self-harm and suicide games, pacts, and hoaxes; 6) Self-harm and suicide communities; 7) Bereavement and communicating about someone who has died by suicide; and 8) Guidance for influencers. DISCUSSION: The new guidelines include updated and new information on online communication about self-harm, livestreams, games, pacts, and hoaxes, as well as guidance for influencers. They will be disseminated via a national social media campaign and supported by a series of adult-facing resources. Given the acceptability of the original guidelines and the ubiquitous use of social media by young people, it is hoped that the new guidelines will be a useful resource for young people and adults alike, both in Australia and worldwide.
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    The Values of *Critique*
    Hughes, J ; Marian, J (Australian Literary Studies, 2023-10-30)
    This essay examines practices of evaluation in the archive of the important journal Critique, founded by Georges Bataille in 1946. The journal was a key forum for the development of postwar philosophy and theory in France, and its archive provides a unique resource for the study of the processes of evaluation and judgement that shaped the field. Considering a variety of archival materials (including advertisements for the journal, issue covers, tables of contents, author piece rate lists, letters and private communications) alongside reviews published in the journal, we examine the institutional processes, editorial practices and thus the more-or-less implied values that organised the journal’s operations. We argue that Critique’s archive reveals a complex, socially diffuse image of value and that the field of forces in which a volume is produced is multidimensional, integrating criteria from a plurality of different fields. The act of evaluative judgement encompasses capital; the prioritisation and ordering of content; operations of recommendation, friendship and mentorship; concerns for political impact; house codes; and norms of engagement.
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    Styling Against Absolute Knowledge in Derrida's 'Glas'
    Marian, J (Open Humanities Press, 2015)
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    Assessing the carbon footprint of digital health interventions: a scoping review
    Lokmic-Tomkins, Z ; Davies, S ; Block, LJ ; Cochrane, L ; Dorin, A ; von Gerich, H ; Lozada-Perezmitre, E ; Reid, L ; Peltonen, L-M (OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2022-11-14)
    OBJECTIVE: Integration of environmentally sustainable digital health interventions requires robust evaluation of their carbon emission life-cycle before implementation in healthcare. This scoping review surveys the evidence on available environmental assessment frameworks, methods, and tools to evaluate the carbon footprint of digital health interventions for environmentally sustainable healthcare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid). PsycINFO (Ovid), CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus (which indexes IEEE Xplore, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science and ACM databases), Compendex, and Inspec databases were searched with no time or language constraints. The Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA_SCR), Joanna Briggs Scoping Review Framework, and template for intervention description and replication (TiDiER) checklist were used to structure and report the findings. RESULTS: From 3299 studies screened, data was extracted from 13 full-text studies. No standardised methods or validated tools were identified to systematically determine the environmental sustainability of a digital health intervention over its full life-cycle from conception to realisation. Most studies (n = 8) adapted publicly available carbon calculators to estimate telehealth travel-related emissions. Others adapted these tools to examine the environmental impact of electronic health records (n = 2), e-prescriptions and e-referrals (n = 1), and robotic surgery (n = 1). One study explored optimising the information system electricity consumption of telemedicine. No validated systems-based approach to evaluation and validation of digital health interventions could be identified. CONCLUSION: There is a need to develop standardised, validated methods and tools for healthcare environments to assist stakeholders to make informed decisions about reduction of carbon emissions from digital health interventions.
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    Endothelial protein C receptor is increased in preterm preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction
    Andres, F ; Hannan, NJ ; Walker, SP ; MacDonald, TM ; Wong, GP ; Murphy, C ; Cannon, P ; Kandel, M ; Masci, J ; Nguyen, T-V ; Abboud, A ; Idzes, D ; Kyritsis, V ; Pritchard, N ; Tong, S ; Kaituu-Lino, TJ (WILEY, 2022-12)
    Placental dysfunction is the leading cause of both preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction. This study aimed to characterize endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) in preterm preeclampsia, term preeclampsia, and fetal growth restriction (defined by delivery of a small for gestational age [SGA] infant [<10% birthweight centile]) and examine its regulation in primary syncytiotrophoblast. Placental EPCR mRNA and protein were significantly increased in patients with preterm preeclampsia (<34 weeks gestation) compared to gestation-matched controls (p < .0001). In the plasma, EPCR was also significantly elevated (p = .01) in established preterm preeclampsia while its substrate, protein C (PC) was significantly reduced (p = .0083). Placentas from preterm small for gestational age (SGA) cases, had elevated EPCR mRNA expression (p < .0001) relative to controls. At 36 weeks, no significant changes in plasma EPCR were detected in samples from patients destined to develop preeclampsia or deliver an SGA infant at term. In terms of syncytiotrophoblast, hypoxia significantly increased EPCR mRNA expression (p = .008), but Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNF-α) decreased EPCR mRNA. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) had no significant effect on EPCR mRNA expression. When isolated syncytiotrophoblast was treated with metformin under hypoxia (1% O2 ) or normoxia (8% O2 ), EPCR mRNA expression was significantly reduced (p = .008) relative to control. In conclusion, EPCR is markedly elevated in the placenta and the circulation of patients with established preterm preeclampsia and placental increases may be associated with hypoxia. Additionally, fetal growth-restricted pregnancies (as defined by the delivery of an SGA infant) also demonstrated elevated placental EPCR.
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    Palladium-mediated CO2 extrusion followed by insertion of ketenes: translating mechanistic studies to develop a one-pot method for the synthesis of ketones
    Yang, Y ; Canty, AJ ; O’Hair, RAJ ; Karton, A (CSIRO Publishing, 2023-05-31)
    Multistage mass spectrometry (MSn) experiments were used to explore extrusion–insertion (ExIn) reactions of the palladium complex [(phen)Pd(O2CPh)]+ (phen, 1,10-phenanthroline). Under collision-induced dissociation (CID) conditions, the organopalladium cation [(phen)Pd(Ph)]+ was formed via decarboxylation and was found to react with phenylmethylketene to yield the enolate [(phen)Pd(CPhMeC(O)Ph)]+ via an insertion reaction. A further stage of CID revealed that the enolate fragments via loss of styrene to form the acyl complex [(phen)Pd(C(O)Ph)]+. Formation of both the coordinated enolate and acyl anions is supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Attempts to develop a palladium-mediated one-pot synthesis of ketones from 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid as the key substrate and the ketene substrates R1R2C═C═O (R1 = Ph, R2 = Me; R1 = R2 = Ph) proved challenging owing to low yields and side product formation.
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    An Overview of Immersive Virtual Reality Music Experiences in Online Platforms
    Loveridge, B (Stony Brook University, 2023)
    As the field of Virtual Reality (VR) continues to mature, so too does the potential for creative and immersive musical experiences in the medium. However, of the thousands of applications now available across the major VR platforms, only a small number of titles focus on the ability to create or explore musical content. This article outlines the current state of music games, experiences, and creative applications across the current VR ecosystem. Firstly, it surveys the quantity of commercial titles currently available across the major VR platforms with a music-related focus. Secondly, the article classifies music applications into the following subcategories: music creation and creative arranging, rhythm games, music video experiences, and music performance activities. Finally, it provides an overview of the key musical applications in each category that can assist and inspire musicians, technicians, and educators in their creative musical endeavors.
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    A single-blind, randomised controlled trial of a physical health nurse intervention to prevent weight gain and metabolic complications in first-episode psychosis: the Physical Health Assistance in Early Psychosis (PHAstER) study
    O'Donoghue, B ; Mifsud, N ; Castagnini, E ; Langstone, A ; Thompson, A ; Killackey, E ; McGorry, P (CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2022-10-18)
    BACKGROUND: Factors that contribute to the early mortality observed in psychotic disorders, specifically obesity, smoking and sedentary behaviour, occur early in the disorder. AIMS: We aimed to determine whether the integration of a physical health nurse in the care of young people with first-episode psychosis could prevent clinically significant weight gain (≥7% body weight). Secondary outcomes included rates of smoking, metabolic syndrome and sedentary behaviour. METHOD: In this single-blind, randomised controlled trial, participants who had received under 4 weeks of antipsychotic medication were randomly allocated to either the intervention (addition of a physical health nurse to their care) or treatment as usual (TAU) for 12 weeks. RESULTS: Of the 77 participants, there were follow-up data for 86.8% (n = 33) of the intervention group and 82.1% (n = 32) of the TAU group. After 12 weeks, 27.3% of the intervention group experienced clinically significant weight gain compared with 34.4% of the TAU group (odds ratio 0.72, 95% CI 0.25-2.06, P = 0.54). After 6 months, 40.7% of the intervention group gained clinically significant weight compared with 44.1% of the TAU group (P = 0.79). There was no difference in mean change in weight between groups after 12 weeks (2.6 kg v. 2.9 kg, P = 0.87) or 6 months (3.6 kg v. 4.3 kg, P = 0.64). There were no differences in the rates of tobacco smoking cessation, prevalence of metabolic syndrome or physical activity levels. CONCLUSIONS: This intervention failed to prevent the metabolic complications that are highly prevalent in psychotic disorders in the short to medium term, indicating that more intensive interventions are required.