Electrical and Electronic Engineering - Research Publications

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    Protein topology classification using two-stage support vector machines.
    Gubbi, J ; Shilton, A ; Parker, M ; Palaniswami, M (Universal Academy Press, 2006)
    The determination of the first 3-D model of a protein from its sequence alone is a non-trivial problem. The first 3-D model is the key to the molecular replacement method of solving phase problem in x-ray crystallography. If the sequence identity is more than 30%, homology modelling can be used to determine the correct topology (as defined by CATH) or fold (as defined by SCOP). If the sequence identity is less than 25%, however, the task is very challenging. In this paper we address the topology classification of proteins with sequence identity of less than 25%. The input information to the system is amino acid sequence, the predicted secondary structure and the predicted real value relative solvent accessibility. A two stage support vector machine (SVM) approach is proposed for classifying the sequences to three different structural classes (alpha, beta, alpha+beta) in the first stage and 39 topologies in the second stage. The method is evaluated using a newly curated dataset from CATH with maximum pairwise sequence identity less than 25%. An impressive overall accuracy of 87.44% and 83.15% is reported for class and topology prediction, respectively. In the class prediction stage, a sensitivity of 0.77 and a specificity of 0.91 is obtained. Data file, SVM implementation (SVMHEAVY) and result files can be downloaded from http://www.ee.unimelb.edu.au/ISSNIP/downloads/.
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    Gubbi, J ; Lai, DTH ; Palaniswami, M ; Parker, M (WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD, 2006-12-01)
    Knowledge of the secondary structure and solvent accessibility of a protein plays a vital role in the prediction of fold, and eventually the tertiary structure of the protein. A challenging issue of predicting protein secondary structure from sequence alone is addressed. Support vector machines (SVM) are employed for the classification and the SVM outputs are converted to posterior probabilities for multi-class classification. The effect of using Chou–Fasman parameters and physico-chemical parameters along with evolutionary information in the form of position specific scoring matrix (PSSM) is analyzed. These proposed methods are tested on the RS126 and CB513 datasets. A new dataset is curated (PSS504) using recent release of CATH. On the CB513 dataset, sevenfold cross-validation accuracy of 77.9% was obtained using the proposed encoding method. A new method of calculating the reliability index based on the number of votes and the Support Vector Machine decision value is also proposed. A blind test on the EVA dataset gives an average Q3 accuracy of 74.5% and ranks in top five protein structure prediction methods. Supplementary material including datasets are available on .