Electrical and Electronic Engineering - Research Publications

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    Indoor infrared optical wireless localization system with background light power estimation capability
    Wang, K ; Nirmalathas, A ; Lim, C ; Alameh, K ; Li, H ; Skafidas, E (OPTICAL SOC AMER, 2017-09-18)
    The indoor user localization function is in high demand for high-speed wireless communications, navigations and smart-home applications. The optical wireless technology has been used to localize end users in indoor environments. However, its accuracy is typically very limited, due to the ambient light, which is relatively strong. In this paper, a novel high-localization-accuracy optical wireless based indoor localization system, based on the use of the mechanism that estimates background light intensity, is proposed. Both theoretical studies and demonstration experiments are carried out. Experimental results show that the accuracy of the proposed optical wireless indoor localization system is independent on the localization light strength, and that an average localization error as small as 2.5 cm is attained, which is 80% better than the accuracy of previously reported optical wireless indoor localization systems.
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    All-Graphene Planar Self-Switching MISFEDs, Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Field-Effect Diodes
    Al-Dirini, F ; Hossain, FM ; Nirmalathas, A ; Skafidas, E (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2014-02-05)
    Graphene normally behaves as a semimetal because it lacks a bandgap, but when it is patterned into nanoribbons a bandgap can be introduced. By varying the width of these nanoribbons this band gap can be tuned from semiconducting to metallic. This property allows metallic and semiconducting regions within a single Graphene monolayer, which can be used in realising two-dimensional (2D) planar Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor field effect devices. Based on this concept, we present a new class of nano-scale planar devices named Graphene Self-Switching MISFEDs (Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Field-Effect Diodes), in which Graphene is used as the metal and the semiconductor concurrently. The presented devices exhibit excellent current-voltage characteristics while occupying an ultra-small area with sub-10 nm dimensions and an ultimate thinness of a single atom. Quantum mechanical simulation results, based on the Extended Huckel method and Nonequilibrium Green's Function Formalism, show that a Graphene Self-Switching MISFED with a channel as short as 5 nm can achieve forward-to-reverse current rectification ratios exceeding 5000.
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    All-Graphene Planar Double-Quantum-Dot Resonant Tunneling Diodes
    Al-Dirini, F ; Mohammed, MA ; Hossain, FM ; Nirmalathas, TA ; Skafidas, E (IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 2016-01-01)
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    Highly Effective Conductance Modulation in Planar Silicene Field Effect Devices Due to Buckling
    Al-Dirini, F ; Hossain, FM ; Mohammed, MA ; Nirmalathas, A ; Skafidas, E (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2015-10-06)
    Silicene is an exciting two-dimensional material that shares many of graphene's electronic properties, but differs in its structural buckling. This buckling allows opening a bandgap in silicene through the application of a perpendicular electric field. Here we show that this buckling also enables highly effective modulation of silicene's conductance by means of an in-plane electric field applied through silicene side gates, which can be realized concurrently within the same silicene monolayer. We illustrate this by using silicene to implement Self-Switching Diodes (SSDs), which are two-dimensional field effect nanorectifiers realized within a single silicene monolayer. Our quantum simulation results show that the atomically-thin silicene SSDs, with sub-10 nm dimensions, achieve a current rectification ratio that exceeds 200, without the need for doping, representing a 30 fold enhancement over graphene SSDs. We attribute this enhancement to a bandgap opening due to the in-plane electric field, as a consequence of silicene's buckling. Our results suggest that silicene is a promising material for the realization of planar field effect devices.
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    Graphene Field Effect Nanopore Glycine Detector
    Al-Dirini, F ; Hossain, MS ; Qiu, W ; Hossain, FM ; Nirmalathas, A ; Skafidas, E (IEEE, 2014-01-01)
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    Experimental demonstration of free-space based 120 Gb/s reconfigurable card-to-card optical interconnects
    Wang, K ; Nirmalathas, A ; Lim, C ; Skafidas, E ; Alameh, K (OPTICAL SOC AMER, 2014-10-01)
    In this Letter, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a free-space based reconfigurable card-to-card optical interconnect architecture with 16-carrierless-amplitude-phase modulation. Experimental results show that up to 120 Gb/s (3×40  Gb/s) flexible interconnection can be achieved for up to 30 cm distance with a worst-case receiver sensitivity of -9.70  dBm.
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    High-speed indoor optical wireless communication system with single channel imaging receiver
    Wang, K ; Nirmalathas, A ; Lim, C ; Skafidas, E (OPTICAL SOC AMER, 2012-04-09)
    In this paper we experimentally investigate a gigabit indoor optical wireless communication system with single channel imaging receiver. It is shown that the use of single channel imaging receiver rejects most of the background light. This single channel imaging receiver is composed of an imaging lens and a small photo-sensitive area photodiode attached on a 2-axis actuator. The actuator and photodiode are placed on the focal plane of the lens to search for the focused light spot. The actuator is voice-coil based and it is low cost and commercially available. With this single channel imaging receiver, bit rate as high as 12.5 Gbps has been successfully demonstrated and the maximum error-free (BER<10⁻⁹) beam footprint is even larger than 1 m. Compared with our previous experimental results with a single wide field-of-view non-imaging receiver, an improvement in error-free beam footprint of >20% has been achieved. When this system is integrated with our recently proposed optical wireless based indoor localization system, both high speed wireless communication and mobility can be provided to users over the entire room. Furthermore, theoretical analysis has been carried out and the simulation results agree well with the experiments. In addition, since the rough location information of the user is available in our proposed system, instead of searching for the focused light spot over a large area on the focal plane of the lens, only a small possible area needs to be scanned. By further pre-setting a proper comparison threshold when searching for the focused light spot, the time needed for searching can be further reduced.