Electrical and Electronic Engineering - Research Publications

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    Analysis of coherence between sleep EEG and ECG signals during and after obstructive sleep apnea events
    Khandoker, AH ; Karmakar, CK ; Palaniswami, M (IEEE, 2008-01-01)
    This study presents the first successful preliminary attempt to directly investigate the interactions of power spectra of sleep EEG and ECG signals of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by coherence analysis. ECG and EEG signals were collected from 8 OSAS patients and 3 healthy subjects. Coherence between two signals over different frequency bands(0-128 Hz) were calculated for normal breathing events, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) events and events following OSA terminations (with/without arousals) in non-REM as well as REM sleep. Overall coherence of ECG and EEG in REM sleep is higher than that in non-REM sleep. A significant (p=0.0164) difference of coherence in the range of 10-5 Hz was found among normal, OSA and termination events in REM sleep. The results could be useful in detecting OSA events or OSA related arousals to characterize sleep fragmentation from ECG and EEG signals.