School of Physics - Theses

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    Investigation of B+ mesons decay to K+K−π+ at the Belle experiment
    Hsu, Chia-Ling ( 2017)
    Charmless decays of B mesons to three charged hadrons are suppressed in the Standard Model, and thus provide an opportunity to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. An unexpected excess and a large CP asymmetry in the low invariant mass spectrum of the K+K− system for the decay B+ → K+K−π+ were observed by BaBar and LHCb in recent years. We present the measurements of branching fraction and direct CP asymmetry of the charmless decay B+ → K+K−π+. This analysis is performed on a data sample of 772 × 10^6BB pairs produced at the Υ(4S) resonance by the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e− collider and collected by the Belle detector. We perform a blind analysis, examining signal reconstruc- tion and background suppression with Monte Carlo simulated samples, and extract signal yield and direct CP asymmetry with a 2D extended maximum likelihood fit to the data. The measured branching fraction and direct CP asymmetry are B(B+ → K+K−π+) = (5.38 ± 0.40 ± 0.35) × 10^−6 and ACP = −0.170 ± 0.073 ± 0.017, respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. These results are in agreement with the current world average. We extract the branching fraction and direct CP asymmetry as a function of the K+K− invariant mass. The K+K− invariant mass distribution of the signal candidates shows an excess in the region below 1.5 GeV/c^2, which is consistent with the previous studies from BaBar and LHCb. Strong evidence of a large direct CP asymmetry of −0.90 ± 0.17 ± 0.03 with 4.8σ significance is found in the K+K− low-invariant-mass region.
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    Measurement of the branching fraction of B0 → π0 π0 decays using the final Belle dataset
    JULIUS, T'MIR ( 2015)
    This thesis presents a measurement of the branching fraction of B0 → π0 π0 using data collected by the Belle experiment based at the KEKB accelerator in Tsukuba, Japan. This study is performed using the final and complete Belle dataset of 711 fb^−1, comprising about 771 × 10^6 BB pairs collected at the Υ(4S) resonance. The measurement of B0 → π0 π0 is a vital component of the study into the B → ππ system, through which a measurement of the CP violation parameter φ2 (also called α) can be made. This analysis makes use of an artificial neural network to improve continuum suppression as well as making use of timing information pertaining to photons detected in the Belle electromagnetic calorimeter to help distinguish between signal and background originating from QED backgrounds. Photon reconstruction was enhanced through the recovery of photons that converted within the inner detector. The timing information for 20% of the Belle dataset was recovered specifically for the use of this analysis. This is the first time a branching fraction for B → π0 π0 has been presented using an artificial neural network and such QED suppression techniques. The branching fraction of B → π0 π0 is measured to be Br(B → π0 π0 ) = (1.22 +0.28 −0.27,+0.10 −0.12 ) × 10^−6.