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    Investigation of B+ mesons decay to K+K−π+ at the Belle experiment
    Hsu, Chia-Ling ( 2017)
    Charmless decays of B mesons to three charged hadrons are suppressed in the Standard Model, and thus provide an opportunity to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. An unexpected excess and a large CP asymmetry in the low invariant mass spectrum of the K+K− system for the decay B+ → K+K−π+ were observed by BaBar and LHCb in recent years. We present the measurements of branching fraction and direct CP asymmetry of the charmless decay B+ → K+K−π+. This analysis is performed on a data sample of 772 × 10^6BB pairs produced at the Υ(4S) resonance by the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e− collider and collected by the Belle detector. We perform a blind analysis, examining signal reconstruc- tion and background suppression with Monte Carlo simulated samples, and extract signal yield and direct CP asymmetry with a 2D extended maximum likelihood fit to the data. The measured branching fraction and direct CP asymmetry are B(B+ → K+K−π+) = (5.38 ± 0.40 ± 0.35) × 10^−6 and ACP = −0.170 ± 0.073 ± 0.017, respectively, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. These results are in agreement with the current world average. We extract the branching fraction and direct CP asymmetry as a function of the K+K− invariant mass. The K+K− invariant mass distribution of the signal candidates shows an excess in the region below 1.5 GeV/c^2, which is consistent with the previous studies from BaBar and LHCb. Strong evidence of a large direct CP asymmetry of −0.90 ± 0.17 ± 0.03 with 4.8σ significance is found in the K+K− low-invariant-mass region.