Agriculture and Food Systems - Research Publications

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    Food Processing Waste: A Potential Source for Bioactive Compounds
    Ain, HBU ; Saeed, F ; Barrow, CJ ; Dunshea, FR ; Suleria, HAR ; Murthy, HN ; Bapat, VA (Springer International Publishing, 2020)
    In the past, unfortunately, fruit processing wastes and by-products have not been taken seriously. However, in recent era, fruit processing industries have undergone rapid growth globally owing to the awareness of public and scientists. Fruit processing wastes are considered as valuable resource owing to the presence of a broad spectrum of bioactive moieties including polyphenols, antioxidants, proteins, dietary fiber, enzymes, flavoring aromas, organic acids, and minerals. Scientists are trying to recover various bioactive compounds from these wastes through specific extraction techniques, i.e., conventional and novel techniques. Applications of food processing wastes in food, textile, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries can be increased through the extraction of bioactive moieties by various methods. This chapter highlights the bioactive profiling of fruit waste material of different processed foods and guides how we can extract these bioactive compounds. Bioactive extraction techniques include conventional extraction and novel technologies are discussed. Utilization of fruit processing wastes in the production of high value-added products has increased the profitability of the fruit processing industry by reducing the cost of disposal of these wastes.
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    Therapeutic Potential of Seaweed Bioactive Compounds
    Khalid, S ; Abbas, M ; Saeed, F ; Bader-Ul-Ain, H ; Ansar Rasul Suleria, H ; Maiti, S (IntechOpen, 2018)
    Edible seaweeds are rich in bioactive compounds such as soluble dietary fibers, proteins, peptides, minerals, vitamins, polyunsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants. Previously, seaweeds were only used as gelling and thickening agents in the food or pharmaceutical industries, recent researches have revealed their potential as complementary medicine. The red, brown and green seaweeds have been shown to have therapeutic properties for health and disease management, such as anticancer, antiobesity, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, antioxidant, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antiestrogenic, thyroid stimulating, neuroprotective, antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial and tissue healing properties. In proposed chapter, we discussed various active compounds include sulphated polysaccharides, phlorotannins, carotenoids (e.g. fucoxanthin), minerals, peptides and sulfolipids, with proven benefits against degenerative metabolic diseases. Moreover, therapeutic modes of action of these bioactive components and their reports are summarized in this chapter.