Asia Institute - Research Publications

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    Everyday Bribery in North Korea as Moral Economy
    Song, J ; Yoon, B ; Kim, S ; Zulawnik, A (University of California Press, 2024-06)
    This study investigates how bribery is defined, negotiated, and practiced in the everyday lives of ordinary North Koreans. Reflecting on interviews spanning over two decades with North Korean migrants in South Korea and China, a team of North Korea experts has identified the patterns of micro-level bribery in everyday life in North Korea that differ, to some extent, from those of other post-communist states in Eastern Europe and Asia. By carefully examining the accounts of ten former North Korean residents, the researchers find that the traditional socialist economy, once prevalent in workplaces, schools, and hospitals, has now been supplanted by individual-to-individual private market interactions. Moreover, bribery serves not only as an informal practice but also as a “moral economy,” which differs from the more organized forms of corruption seen at the elite and enterprise levels.
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    Report on Fostering the Provision of Korean Language Education in Victoria (2024)
    Fraschini, N ; Cho, HE ; Kim, HM (Zenodo, 2024-06-05)
    Australia is one of the few countries in the world (together with New Zealand, Vietnam, and Thailand) to have locally developed a school curriculum for the Korean language. Nevertheless, the opportunities to receive Korean instruction are not evenly distributed between states and territories. In Victoria, Korean is offered through a limited number of schools, indicating a lack of pathways available for continuous learning from primary school to university. This situation does not reflect the reality that at the tertiary level, Korean Studies is one of the fastest-growing language programs, with only a small portion of background learners. The current provision of Korean in Victoria is not enough to support the development of a critical mass of Korea-literate Australians, which is necessary to support the future development of the cooperation between Korea and Australia, two key partners in the Indo-Pacific region. To address this situation, the first Victoria Korean Teachers' Forum (제 1회 빅토리아주 한국어 교사 포럼) was held at the University of Melbourne on 20th March, 2024, supported by the Korean Consulate-General of the Republic of Korea in Melbourne, and co-hosted by the University of Melbourne and Monash University Korean Studies programs. The forum was designed to gather insights from Korean teachers based in Victoria and foster an ongoing dialogue on the promotion and development of Korean language education in Victoria. This report collects and contextualises the main issues that emerged at the forum and provides recommendations for addressing them.
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    Colonial Hero: Son Kijong in Narratives of Popular and National Korean History
    Glade, J (ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2024-04-02)
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    Vision and motivation of adolescent language learners in Australia
    Caruso, M ; Fraschini, N ; Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Aliani, R (Multilingual Matters, 2024)
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    Q methodology, subjectivity, and language research
    Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Aliani, R ; Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Aliani, R (Multilingual Matters, 2024)
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    Australian-Korean multicultural family members' emotions about their family language policy
    Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Aliani, R (Multilingual Matters, 2024)
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    Advancing Language Research through Q Methodology
    Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Aliani, R ; Fraschini, N ; Lundberg, A ; Aliani, R (Multilingual Matters, 2024-04-22)
    This volume investigates the ways in which Q methodology can uncover and foreground new perspectives and contribute to language education and language policy research. It demonstrates the flexibility of this research methodology in addressing dynamic and complex language issues across a variety of educational topics and geographical contexts. The chapter authors use Q methodology to explore topics such as identity, motivation, cognition, emotion, pre-service and in-service teacher beliefs and to evaluate language programmes, curricula and policies. These contributions highlight Q methodology's potential to inform theoretical developments by revealing fresh perspectives on contemporary issues and generating new hypotheses. They foster further Q methodology research, demonstrating how it can contribute to a science of subjectivity and allow researchers to value the perspectives of all stakeholders for more inclusive research. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in language education and language policy research and those in the broader field of social sciences looking to expand their knowledge of the methodology and how it can be used to study contemporary, dynamic and complex issues.
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    Reconcept­ualizing Asia’s Security Challenges, The Diplomat
    Dong, J (Diplomat Media, 2024-04-22)
    As the world’s economic center of gravity and strategic focus continue to shift toward Asia, the region has become a focal point for strategic competition among major powers. The Asian region also harbors many flashpoints such as Taiwan, the South China Sea, the Korean Peninsula, and the China-India border. The critical challenge ahead is how Asia can maintain peace and prosperity in this era of significant geopolitical frangibility and complexity.
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    Reconceptualizing Asia’s Security Challenges, The Asia Peace Programme
    Dong, J (Asia Research Insitute, National Universtiy of Singapore, 2024-04-21)
    As the world’s economic center of gravity and strategic focus continue to shift toward Asia, the region has become a focal point for strategic competition among major powers. The Asian region also harbors many flashpoints such as Taiwan, the South China Sea, the Korean Peninsula, and the China-India border. The critical challenge ahead is how Asia can maintain peace and prosperity in this era of significant geopolitical frangibility and complexity.
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    Pandemic racism and sexism in Australia: responses from Asian migrant women
    Ang, S ; Song, J ; Pan, Q (Asia Institute, University of Melbourne, 2022)
    Since the COVID-19 pandemic began in December 2019, studies have emerged on its effect on either racism or sexism. Studies that address the intersection of pandemic-related racism and sexism are lacking and the experiences of Asian women have been neglected.