Asia Institute - Research Publications

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    Lobbying to stay: The Chinese students’ campaign to stay in Australia
    GAO, J (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2009)
    This paper examines the way in which onshore asylum seekers lobby to stay in the host country permanently, and how they interact with local institutions. This study is based on a multi-method case study of about 45,000 Chinese nationals in Australia, mostly students, who sought to stay after the so-called political disturbance of 1989 in China. The students succeeded in obtaining residence by pursuing intensive lobbying activities over a period of about four years from June 1989 to November 1993, becoming the largest onshore migration intake in Australian history. This paper is concerned with how the students and their organizations negotiated the changing stance of the Australian government towards asylum seekers, and the way in which the students harnessed resources in the campaign. It examines the strategies adopted by the students, the roles of the main local institutions in the issue, and analyses the permissiveness of local polities.
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    Organized International Asylum-Seeker Networks: Formation and Utilization by the Chinese Students
    GAO, J (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2006)
    This article examines the formation and role of international networks formed by Chinese students living in the West in the late 1980s and early 1990s as part of their efforts to obtain the right to remain in Western countries in the immediate aftermath of the Tiananmen Square violence of June 4, 1989. Various forms of migrant social networks have been a research focus in international refugee and migration studies, but international networks formed by asylum seekers themselves, and their role in asylum-seeking processes, have been largely ignored. This article is based on a multi-method comparative study of Chinese students living in Australia and the United States at the time. Their experience provides data for examining and conceptualizing the role of organized international asylum-seeker networks in the asylum-seeking process. The analysis focuses on Chinese student lobbying in 1989, led by an independent Chinese student union, which helped "the Pelosi Bill" to be passed by the U.S. Congress. The main strategies adopted by Chinese students in the United States and Australia, as well as their internationally coordinated actions, are compared. Also examined is the role of two politicized international Chinese student organizations, the Chinese Alliance for Democracy and the Federation for Democratic China, in assisting students with obtaining residence.
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    Emerging powers of influence: The rise of the anchor in Chinese television
    Pugsley, PC ; Gao, J (SAGE Publications, 2007-10-01)
    / The focus of this study is the perceived influence of TV `anchors' (presenters) on Chinese television in the past 10 years or so, including the approaches and/or various institutional guidelines and disciplinary measures imposed by government departments and media institutions. Through the case of China Central Television (CCTV) and based on a theoretical framework that draws on the discourse of `news culture', the study explores the different types of `anchored' media presented in the genres of news and current affairs, and tracks the rise of four of China's most popular anchors in these genres. Using a combination of discourse, visual and policy analysis, this article illustrates how the popularity of high-profile anchor people in China since the mid-1990s has created a new type of influence, one not without its limitations but which may also contribute to a `public sphere' with Chinese characteristics.