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    Principles for open access to research outputs at Melbourne
    Student and Scholarly Services and Chancellery Research & Enterprise, The University of Melbourne ( 2019)
    In Australia, the 2017 Policy Statement on F.A.I.R. Access to Australia’s Research Outputs was released, endorsed by Universities Australia. The University of Melbourne supports this policy statement through the adoption of Principles for Open Access to Research Outputs at Melbourne. These principles signal that the University of Melbourne is committed to disseminating its research as widely as possible to improve the public good by accelerating the pace of discovery, encouraging innovation, enriching education, and stimulating the economy. The University supports the deposit of research outputs to repositories as a means of openly disseminating research and publication in open access journals. (Minor revisions were approved by University Executive on 22 April 2020)
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    Cultivating capability The socio-technical challenges of integrating approaches to records and knowledge management
    Jones, M ; Vines, R (EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD, 2016)
    Purpose This paper aims to advocate that significant human and systems-based capabilities (termed “socio-technical capabilities”) need to be developed in government departments and other public sector organisations to support more effective description of information resources, collections and their context in online environments. Design/methodology/approach The ideas in this paper draw upon the findings of several action research interventions undertaken within a government department in Victoria in Australia since 2011 as part of a knowledge management initiative. Specific focus is given to the design and development of a new record-centric knowledge curation tool (KCT). Findings Effective functioning of KCT relies upon the input of well-structured, standards-based metadata used to describe collections, information resources and their context. The central claim is that the move towards standards-based descriptions will fundamentally change the capabilities required to manage, search for and disseminate knowledge and records. Research limitations/implications In addition to the capabilities discussed, management of records and knowledge through time requires commitments to stable repository, workflow and administrative systems, and working with contemporary systems involves technical knowledge such as the use of application programming interfaces. These aspects are not discussed here. Practical implications The capabilities discussed in this paper are socio-technical in nature. This means there is a requirement to shift current perspectives about who is responsible for managing organisational information as collections. Originality/value While some of the concepts discussed will be familiar to information professionals, the paper provides a unique description of how existing archival and recordkeeping practices are being integrated in innovative ways within organisations outside the information management professions.
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    Substrate Depth, Vegetation and Irrigation Affect Green Roof Thermal Performance in a Mediterranean Type Climate
    Pianella, A ; Aye, L ; Chen, Z ; Williams, NSG (MDPI, 2017-08)
    Green roofs are consistently being used to reduce some of the negative environmental impacts of cities. The increasing interest in extensive green roofs requires refined studies on their design and operation, and on the effects of their relevant parameters on green roof thermal performance. The effects of two design parameters, substrate thickness (ST) and conductivity of dry soil (CDS), and four operating parameters, leaf area index (LAI), leaf reflectivity (LR), stomatal resistance (SR), and moisture content (MC), were investigated using the green roof computer model developed by Sailor in 2008. The computer simulations showed that among the operating parameters, LAI has the largest effects on thermal performance while CDS is a more influential design parameter than ST. Experimental investigations of non-vegetated and sparsely vegetated green roofs in Melbourne were principally used to understand the effect of the substrate and enable better understanding of dominant heat transfer mechanisms involved. Investigated green roofs had three substrate thicknesses (100, 150 and 200 mm), and their performance was compared to a bare conventional roof. In contrast to the computer simulations, the experimental results for summer and winter showed the importance of MC and ST in reducing the substrate temperature and heat flux through the green roof.
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    Measuring the impact: Springer Book Archives at Melbourne
    KENT, P (Neal-Schuman Publishers, 2017)
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine usage trends during the first four years of the implementation of the Springer Book Archives (SBA) at the University of Melbourne. The article assesses the benefits of the SBA against perceptions at the time of purchase and seeks to evaluate the long term value of the purchase. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology included a literature search to identify issues in the adoption of large backlists of ebooks, examination of detailed usage data supplied in COUNTER complaint spreadsheets and tables by Springer, validating findings with librarians and academics and positing next steps. Findings: Usage of ebooks, like other electronic resources is difficult to predict. Resources expected to be used, may not be and vice versa. Access to large aggregations of electronic content creates new opportunities for teaching and research, additional economies and benefits as well as unexpected outcomes. Research limitations: Detailed data on user profiles was not available and an evaluation of user perceptions was not possible at this time. Originality/value: The literature review suggests that this is the only published study of institutional usage of the Springer book archives at this time.
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    The evolving geography of production hubs and regional value chains across East Asia: Trade in value-added
    Suder, G ; Liesch, PW ; Inomata, S ; Mihailova, I ; Meng, B (ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2015-07-01)
    The interdependence of regional trade and production networks has important implications for national prosperity, regional stability and the internationalization of production. We ask: What are the locational patterns of trade in value-added in East Asia and how are these patterns changing over time? The disintermediation of value chains and the externalization of business activity create hubs of capability and extend value chains between countries. We adopt input-output techniques to analyze the evolution of production networks in East Asia over the period 1990-2005 from a value chain perspective. A high density of cross-border interaction is reported alongside changing geographic dynamics, and an informal integration derived from intermediates trade in value-addition. The locational interdependence of developed and less-developed countries across the region leverages on the heterogeneity of location-specific advantages within the region.
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    Negotiating the Transatlantic Relationship: An International, Interdisciplinary Simulation of a Real-World Negotiation
    Nance, MT ; Suder, G ; Hall, A (CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2016-04-01)
    This article analyzes the effectiveness of an international, interdisciplinary simulation of an ongoing trade negotiation. It thoroughly describes the simulation, provides links to background information for public use, and off ers suggestions on ways to further strengthen the learning outcomes achieved.
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    Perspectives on strategic internationalization: Developing capabilities for renewal
    Riviere, M ; Suder, G (ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2016-08-01)
    While strategic renewal has increasingly received interest from strategy scholars (Agarwal & Helfat, 2009; Baden-Fuller & Volberda, 1997; Capron & Mitchell, 2009; Crossan & Berdrow, 2003; Gulati & Puranam, 2009; Huff, Huff, & Thomas, 1992), its gains from internationalization are less understood. We draw on both internationalization and strategy literature to investigate what is known about 'if' and 'how' firms renew their capabilities through internationalization. We anticipate that the scope of internationalization has an inverted U-shape effect on the firm's ability to create alternatives for renewal, thus allowing for the development of renewal capabilities. Yet we also draw attention to the factors that may represent limitations of the role of internationalization for strategic renewal. Internationalization strategies related to location, timing and venture mode decisions are antecedents to capability renewal strategies, uncovered as linear vs. non-linear renewal paths.
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    Extreme case learning: the manager perspective on rare knowledge and capabilities development
    Suder, G ; Birnik, A ; Nielsen, N ; Riviere, M (Taylor & Francis Inc., 2017)
    International strategy is enhanced by organizations’ ability to learn in host markets; yet, it remains ambiguous how post-entry knowledge gaps between home – and host country shape MNE’s absorptive capacity. This article builds on the specific contributions of ‘extreme case’ internationalization to advance literature in this field. We foster the understanding of the role of rare knowledge and the mechanisms that link knowledge acquisition to absorptive capacity dynamics used in the internationalization path of multinational enterprises (MNEs). We opt for in-depth qualitative research into the post-entry phase of ‘extreme’ (thus particularly crude) international joint venture (IJV) investment, and analyze the perspective of managers from a developed economy MNE located in a high-risk, weak-institutions host country. The firm’s absorptive capacity and its interaction with external environments that are categorized into four distinct contexts are found to be contingent upon pro-active experiential learning, concurrent to managerial willingness and simultaneous organizational commitments to learning and to exploiting rare knowledge. We thus uncover managerial perceptions of a knowledge gap identified as host-country challenges and resulting managerial solutions, which reveal rare learning opportunities and knowledge exploitation dynamics. The capacity to compensate for knowledge gaps is a critical key within the design and consolidation of an alternative internationalization path for developed-country MNEs. This challenges the traditional risk–return–commitment dependencies in prior literature.
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    Regional trade agreements: Non-market strategy in the context of business regionalization
    Suder, G ; Lawton, T ; Rajwani, T (Routledge, 2015-04-24)
    A complex network of regional trade agreements (RTAs) spans our globalized world. For the most part, the scholarly literature refers to these as free trade agreements (FTAs), although they may potentially constitute a variety of market grouping and market integration constructs. Many of these RTAs emanate from the design of FTAs or customs unions, common markets, economic unions, currency unions, or other political or geo-economic constructs ruled under preferential trade agreements. The FTA is typically limited to the elimination of certain tariffs; the customs union also establishes a common customs duty; and each one of the above-cited constructs has its own politically negotiated variations. These variations, in essence, establish different types of level playing fi eld for fi rms with distinctive variants of harmonization effects that infl uence internal and external trade and investment conditions.
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    Building staff capability in digital learning: The three pillars of effective program design
    MACDONALD, H (Australasian Society for Computers in Learning and Tertiary Education, 2015)