Nursing - Research Publications

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    Meeting the support and information needs of women with advanced breast cancer: a randomised controlled trial
    Aranda, S ; Schofield, P ; Weih, L ; Milne, D ; Yates, P ; Faulkner, R (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2006-09-18)
    Addressing psychosocial and quality of life needs is central to provision of excellent care for people with advanced cancer. This study tested a brief nurse-delivered intervention to address the needs of urban women with advanced breast cancer. This study was conducted at four large urban hospitals in Australia. One hundred and five women with advanced breast cancer were recruited and randomised to receive the intervention or usual care, then asked to complete the European Organisation of Research and Treatment of Quality of life Q-C30 version (2.0) (EORTC Q-C30) (version 2) and Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS) at 1 month and 3 months postrecruitment. No significant differences were detected between intervention and usual care groups in the SCNS or the EORTC Q-C30 subscale scores. However, when the groups were divided into high needs (score of above 50) and low baseline needs (score of 50 or below) for each SCNS subscale, a significant difference between intervention and usual care groups was found in the psychological/emotional subscale among women with high baseline needs. In conclusions, this study demonstrated that a face-to-face session and follow-up phone call with a breast care nurse significantly reduced the psychological and emotional needs of those with high initial needs. There was no evidence of the intervention influencing the quality of life; or perceived needs of women with low initial psychological/emotional needs or perceived needs in other domains. Possibly, the intervention was not sufficiently intense to achieve an effect.
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    Being strategic: Utilising consumer views to better promote an expanded role for nurses in Australian general practice
    Price, K ; Patterson, E ; Hegney, D (Elsevier, 2006)
    Australian consumers have articulated their perceptions of the role of the nurse in general practice. Practice Nurses (PNs) and General Practitioners (GPs) have also highlighted the issues they believe currently and potentially impact on this role in Australia. This paper identifies and discusses the nexus between the consumers' perceptions and expectations and health professionals' issues. Data collected from focus groups and interviews in 2 Australian studies of consumer perception of nursing in general practice, are re-considered alongside findings reported in the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners and the Royal College of Nursing, Australia report; General Practice Nursing in Australia. Consumers, doctors and nurses working in general practices in Australia, raised similar issues. However, consumers considered these issues in relation to their health care needs, whereas the GPs and PNs tended to focus more on professional and structural tensions related to the current and potentially expanded role of the PN. Understanding consumer views vis-a-vis issues raised by PNs and GPs about the role of nursing in general practice provides direction for both professions to better work with consumers to enhance their understanding of what general practice services could be and how changes, like expanding the role of nurses, may bring about improvements in the health outcomes of consumers. Health professionals can benefit from reflecting on the experiences and expectations of consumers if they desire to make general practice services more responsive to individual consumer's needs and at the same time adopt a primary health care focus.
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    Troubling 'insight': power and possibilities in mental health care
    Hamilton, B ; Roper, C (WILEY, 2006-08)
    This paper critiques the conventional concept of 'insight' within the mental status assessment, seeking to unseat its taken-for-granted definition and the status it has acquired in research and practice. Drawing on social theory, consumer perspective and interdisciplinary research, the paper focuses on the impact of 'thin' biomedical understandings of insight, in disqualifying and demoralizing persons subjected to assessment and at the same time creating punitive scrutineers out of well-intentioned practitioners. Nurses and their mental health colleagues are encouraged to reconsider their reliance on the concept of insight. We entertain the alternative idea that insight is a quality of perception that mental health practitioners can cultivate, to more deeply understand their work, culture and the self.