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ItemInfluences on engineering education in AustraliaZorbas, Nicholas ( 1976)This thesis is concerned with the identification and examination of the various types of influences on professional engineering education in Australia. It commences with a study of what a professional person in general, and a professional engineer in particular, should be, and describes the functions and characteristics of such a person. This is followed by an examination of curriculum design, and how the curricula of professional courses are controlled by professional societies. The various influences on engineering curricula are then considered in detail in four broad categories, namely historical influences, formal influences, informal influences, and societal influences within each of these categories, various tapes of influences are identified, and their method of application, and relative effectiveness, discussed. Apart from the chapters on terminology and historical influences, which have been researched from existing publications, the content of the thesis is original, and, as far as can be ascertained, is the first attempt to examine the subject of Australian engineering education in a sociological context.
ItemEgan's stage theory : an exploratory study of its use in the analysis of science textbooksValmadre, Christopher Charles ( 1985)Kieran Egan (1979) has challenged educationists to consider the need for a Theory of Development which is specifically Educational. Such a need is discussed and examined in the context of science teaching. Egan's Theory was applied to the selection of science text material for a group of eleven and twelve year old students. The students' responses to the materials were compared with Egan's descriptions of certain developmental stages, particularly of his Romantic Stage. The author concluded that Egan's theoretical proposition assisted in interpeting certain student behaviour and preferences. Possible classroom uses of Egan's theory are discussed, implications for text usage and design are outlined, and some areas of research are suggested.
ItemSocial ideologies in two sets of multicultural curricular materialsHampel, Bill ( 1980)The large increase in the non-British proportion of Australia's population since 1945 has created a demand for greater recognition in schools of cultural difference and a re-affirmation of the goal of equality of educational opportunity. Marxist theories of ideology, hegemony and the State are employed to examine whether 'multicultural' curricular materials which are ostensibly advocating a critical appraisal of the society and subscription to these pluralist goals, are not soliciting support for dominant ideologies. The thesis questions whether they are not acting to reproduce the social order to the detriment of the ethnic minorities they are purporting to serve. The first of the two sets of curricular materials examined, Ethnic Australia, develops a Eurocentric view of exploration and inter-ethnic relations favourable to the needs of .capitalist economic growth. Its criticism of prejudice is unrelenting, but it does not extend it to an adequate analysis of the social conditions which might have generated discrimination and conflict. In its presentation of Italian and Greek cultures, it highlights and reinforces those attitudes and behaviours which are most conducive to an acceptance of competitive individualism under capitalism. The materials entitled Australia : A Multicultural Society, show the benefit of widespread consultation with educators and ethnic groups. They offer a view of culture and a picture of the material circumstances of Greeks and other migrants in Australia which accords with the most recent and carefully conducted research. In delivering a sustained attack on the inadequate provision for migrants in this country, they expose children' to a variety of ideological perspectives gleaned from the media, ethnic communities and the peer culture. Reservations are expressed about the capacity of materials with a liberal reformist ideology to develop in school students a critical awareness of the more intractable social structural barriers to the achievement of social equality and acceptance of cultural difference. Finally, there is brief discussion of the problems of construction and dissemination of critical curricular materials in a publicly funded educational system.
ItemA strategy for the development of internal audit education in AustraliaCooper, Barry J. ( 1985)My interest in internal audit education first developed when I was given the responsibility for developing and conducting the Graduate Diploma in Internal Auditing which commenced at RMIT in 1981. Since then, I have had many opportunities to meet internal audit practitioners, to seek their views and to reflect on the needs of, and developments in, internal audit in Australia. My observations gave me the impetus to undertake, with a colleague, a major research survey of internal audit in Australia. This survey, recently published under the title, "A Profile of Internal Audit in Australia", has been a major influence in developing my thoughts on this thesis topic. In attempting to devise a strategy for internal audit education in Australia, it is necessary to review the whole field of internal audit in terms of its nature, professionalism, past experience, the various influences affecting internal audit education and a possible educational framework. In this respect, this thesis aims to be a comprehensive document. However where possible, supportive detail has been incorporated into Appendices rather than the main body of the thesis. I am hopeful this thesis will provide a framework for those organisations and individuals who can provide the leadership and resources to implement effective internal audit education in Australia.