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ItemLocalization of the ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA) of Plasmodium falciparum in merozoites and ring-infected erythrocytes.Brown, GV ; Culvenor, JG ; Crewther, PE ; Bianco, AE ; Coppel, RL ; Saint, RB ; Stahl, HD ; Kemp, DJ ; Anders, RF (Rockefeller University Press, 1985-08-01)Immunoelectron microscopy with protein A gold has been used to determine the subcellular location of the ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA) of Plasmodium falciparum. RESA was associated with dense vesicles presumed to be micronemes within merozoites. RESA was not detected on the surface of merozoites but was located at the membrane of erythrocytes infected with ring-stage parasites. RESA within merozoites was largely soluble in the nonionic detergent Triton X-100, but was insoluble in this detergent when associated with the erythrocyte membrane.
ItemNo Preview AvailableDifferentiation of cultured epithelial cells: response to toxic agents.Rice, RH ; LaMontagne, AD ; Petito, CT ; Rong, XH (Environmental Health Perspectives, 1989-03)Cell culture systems are instrumental in elucidating regulation of normal function and mechanisms of its perturbation by toxic substances. To this end, three applications of epithelial cells cultured with 3T3 feeder layer support are described. First, treatment of the premalignant human epidermal keratinocyte line SCC-12F2 with the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate suppressed cell growth and differentiation. This agent produced a biphasic growth response greatly inhibiting cell growth at 1 to 10 nM, but much less above 100 nM. Expression of the differentiated functions involucrin and transglutaminase was found to be inhibited markedly at concentrations above 10 nM. Second, 3-methylcholanthrene toxicity was surveyed in a variety of rat epithelial cell types. The two most sensitive to growth inhibition were epidermal and mammary epithelial cells, while those from bladder, prostate, thyroid, and endometrium were insensitive to growth inhibition. Great differences were evident even among those cells derived from stratified squamous epithelia (epidermal, esophageal, vaginal, forestomach) despite their expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities to similar degrees. Finally, expression of estrogen receptors in rat endometrial cells was shown to be stimulated by the cAMP-elevating agent forskolin. Maximal stimulation of 3- to 6-fold occurred in 6 hr, compatible with a requirement for protein synthesis. Although expressing keratinocyte character (transglutaminase activity and envelope forming ability), the cells thus retain some hormonal character that may be modulated by cAMP-dependent kinase activity. Pursuit of such results will aid in understanding differences in response among cell types and species, in elucidating mechanisms of action of known toxic substances and, ultimately, in predicting toxicity of less well understood agents.