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ItemUnderstanding cadastral mapsWILLIAMSON, IAN ; ENEMARK, STIG ( 1996)Cadastral maps are generally regarded as an essential part of the land management infrastructure in most countries yet there is often misunderstanding about their characteristics and role. Due to the vast range of different cadastral systems and resulting cadastral maps, it is very difficult to describe a “typical” cadastral map. It is the authors’ view that it is also very difficult, if not impossible, to understand the characteristics and functions of a cadastral map without understanding the respective cadastral system. As a result this paper endeavours to examine the characteristics and functions of cadastral maps by examining the cadastral mapping systems in Denmark and Australia. The Danish system is a typical “old world” European system which had its history in land taxation. The Australian systems could be considered “new world” systems which have been more heavily influenced by land market considerations. Even though the Australian and Danish cadastral systems are very similar, understanding the characteristics and functions of cadastral maps in the two systems remains difficult. This study discusses the different characteristics of cadastral maps which have been designed for different users or functions. In particular the paper concentrates on the issues concerned with developing digital multi-purpose cadastral maps. The major conclusions from the paper are that the creation and maintenance of multi-purpose digital cadastral maps is a difficult and complex task. This complexity arises to a large degree because the characteristics of a cadastral map designed to serve traditional land markets or land registration purposes are quite different from the characteristics of a modern multi-purpose cadastral map.
ItemFramework for discussion of digital spatial data flow within cadastral systemsEffenberg, Wolfgang W. ; ENEMARK, STIG ; Williamson, Ian P. ( 1999)Current technology and digital products such as digital cadastral maps have put pressure on institutions involved in the cadastral process to cooperate to maximise efficiencies. To discuss ways that the entire cadastral process and its users can take advantage of the opportunities offered by the current and possible future technology it is necessary to study the entire cadastral process as a single system. The authors contend that the maintenance of the digital cadastral map in any cadastral system must be viewed as a process that involves all entities in the cadastral process. This paper attempts to provide a framework, which encompasses all the spatial processes of the cadastral system, to discuss and define spatial data maintenance with a focus on the digital cadastral map. The paper proposes the concept of data flows from information systems analysis techniques to establish this discussion framework. The terminology and definitions of spatial cadastral map maintenance are defined as a basis for reviewing the digital cadastral map in a number of different jurisdictions in Australia and Europe. An examination of the processes undertaken by each of the entities or institutions within the cadastral system highlights some possible future spatial data maintenance models.
ItemCapacity building in land administration - a conceptual approachENEMARK, STIG ; Williamson, Ian P. (CASLE, 2004)Capacity building is increasingly seen as a key component of land administration projects in developing and countries in transition undertaken by the international development banks and individual country development assistance agencies. However, the capacity building concept is often used within a narrow meaning such as focusing on staff development through formal education and training programmes to meet the lack of qualified personnel in a project in the short term. This article argues that capacity building measures should be addressed in the wider context of developing institutional infrastructures for implementing land policies in a sustainable way. Where a project is established to create land administration infrastructures in developing or transition countries, it is critical that capacity building is a mainstream component, not as an add-on, which is often the case. In fact such projects should be dealt with as capacity building projects in themselves. The article introduces a conceptual analytical framework that provides some guidance when dealing with capacity building for land administration in support of a broader land policy agenda.
ItemBuilding modern land administration systems in developed economiesENEMARK, STIG ; Williamson, Ian P. ; Wallace, J. (Mapping Sciences Institute Australia (MISA), 2005)Land Administration Systems (LAS) are institutional frameworks complicated by the tasks they must perform, by national cultural, political and judicial settings, and by technology. This paper assists sharing LAS among countries with diverse legal systems and institutional structures by identifying an ideal and historically neutral LAS model for • servicing the needs of governments, business and the public, • utilising the latest technologies, • servicing rights, responsibilities, restrictions and risks in relation to land, and • delivering much broader information about sustainable development. Case studies of Denmark and Victoria are used to assess the model.