MOHAMMADI, HOSSEIN; BINNS, ANDREW; RAJABIFARD, ABBAS; Williamson, Ian P.
Todays world relies heavily on spatial data to manage the natural and built environments. Monitoring and controlling the impact of human activities on the environment and the impact of natural environmental changes (including natural hazards) on the built environment is a major policy driver for many jurisdictions. The mitigation of natural hazards including tsunamis, earthquakes and landslides and securing citizens against them has become another priority of nations, especially after the tsunami within the Asia/Pacific region. September 11 was also a major point in history which attracts attentions towards providing more efficient counter-terrorism initiatives.