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ItemThe role of land administration, land management and land governance in spatially enabled societiesSTEUDLER, DANIEL ; RAJABIFARD, ABBAS (International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), 2012)Over the last 15-20 years, the topic of cadastre and land registration has been discussed extensively. The FIG-statement on the cadastre (FIG, 1995) established that the "cadastre assists in the management of land and land use, and enables sustainable development and environmental protection". In the 1990s the UN-ECE (1996) coined the term "land administration" in order to express the broader need and use of land information for managing the land as an asset. The Bathurst Declaration concluded in 1999 that sustainable development is the key driver influencing the humankind to land relationship and that it needs sound land administration (UN-FIG, 1999).
ItemNo Preview AvailableSpatially enabled society role of the cadastreSTEUDLER, DANIEL ; RAJABIFARD, ABBAS (FIG Congress 2010, 2010)The evolution from paper to digital maps was a significant step in the use of spatial data andinformation. The many technologies and gadgets available nowadays on the web as well as inour hands provide spatial information to more people for increased use and functionality.Modern societies are as much in need of spatial information in order to make the rightdecisions at the right time. Concepts such as eGovernment, good government, civicparticipation, land administration and land management play an increasingly important role,mainly in regard of the urgent issues of sustainable development.The key to attain sustainable development is sound land governance based on reliable landinformation. Land governance is about the policies, processes and institutions by which land,property, and natural resources are managed, while land information is providing basicinformation about land use, land ownership and land values. Especially the documentation ofland ownership through a reliable cadastral system and the consequential accountability is acrucial element not only from a social and economic point of view, but also from anenvironmental point of view.Such factors are at the base of a spatially enabled government and society, in which«location» – provided by a positioning infrastructure – and «spatial information» – providedby a spatial data infrastructure – are readily available to citizens and businesses. The cadastrein its own right and with its information on land ownership underpins any nation's ability tomanage land and its resources. The cadastral data, however, need to be integrated in broaderland administration systems in order to contribute to the overall goal of sustainabledevelopment.This paper will investigate what a spatially enabled society entails, how the cadastre and thecadastral land surveyors fit in and what their contributions look like.