Infrastructure Engineering - Research Publications

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    Structured approach to land issues through SES elements
    In order to respond to economic, social and environmental challenges, societies need sound and reliable information about their resource "land". The foremost important data set – before taking any strategic or operational decisions – is about who owns a particular piece of land. Such information is to be provided by well-organized and efficient systems such as land registration and cadastre, which are core elements of a "land administration" system. Land administration systems themselves can be considered as the basic documentation layer serving "land management" with relevant information to carry out land related activities such as land-use planning, land consolidation and other land related implementation policies. Landownership information in this context is very crucial as things always happen on somebody's land; land ownership is not the sole information though, but it is more often than not at the core of the solution. In order to take benefit on a macro-economic level of spatial or location-based information, data needs to be organized in such a way that it can be integrated and shared among stakeholders. Interoperability is key to make best use of geographic information. This can be achieved by establishing a spatial data infrastructure, which observes three conditions that will allow it to be operated in either a centralized or decentralized federated environment.
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    Spatially enabled society role of the cadastre
    STEUDLER, DANIEL ; RAJABIFARD, ABBAS (FIG Congress 2010, 2010)
    The evolution from paper to digital maps was a significant step in the use of spatial data andinformation. The many technologies and gadgets available nowadays on the web as well as inour hands provide spatial information to more people for increased use and functionality.Modern societies are as much in need of spatial information in order to make the rightdecisions at the right time. Concepts such as eGovernment, good government, civicparticipation, land administration and land management play an increasingly important role,mainly in regard of the urgent issues of sustainable development.The key to attain sustainable development is sound land governance based on reliable landinformation. Land governance is about the policies, processes and institutions by which land,property, and natural resources are managed, while land information is providing basicinformation about land use, land ownership and land values. Especially the documentation ofland ownership through a reliable cadastral system and the consequential accountability is acrucial element not only from a social and economic point of view, but also from anenvironmental point of view.Such factors are at the base of a spatially enabled government and society, in which«location» – provided by a positioning infrastructure – and «spatial information» – providedby a spatial data infrastructure – are readily available to citizens and businesses. The cadastrein its own right and with its information on land ownership underpins any nation's ability tomanage land and its resources. The cadastral data, however, need to be integrated in broaderland administration systems in order to contribute to the overall goal of sustainabledevelopment.This paper will investigate what a spatially enabled society entails, how the cadastre and thecadastral land surveyors fit in and what their contributions look like.