 Mechanical Engineering  Research Publications
Mechanical Engineering  Research Publications
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ItemThe effect of aspect ratio and divergence on the turbulence structure of boundary layersJones, M. B. ; Marusic, I. ; Perry, A. E. ( 2007)The effect of the aspect ratio of a turbulent boundary layer on the mean flow, broadband turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress has been studied. The aspect ratio (AR) is defined as the boundary layer thickness divided by the boundary layer width, i.e. the effective wind tunnel width. Measurements have been taken in a nominally zero pressure gradient layer at a single station for three different aspect ratio settings, AR=1/4, AR=1/7, and AR=1/13. The measurements show that the turbulent quantities were unaffected when the aspect ratio was increased from AR=1/13 to AR=1/7. However at AR=1/4 there appears to be a slight increase in the broadband turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress.

ItemOn the streamwise evolution of turbulent boundary layers in arbitrary pressure gradientsPerry, A. E. ; Marusic, I. ; Jones, M. B. (Cambridge University Press, 2002)A new approach to the classic closure problem for turbulent boundary layers is presented. This involves, first, using the wellknown meanflow scaling laws such asthe log law of the wall and the law of the wake of Coles (1956) together with the mean continuity and the mean momentum differential and integral equations. The important parameters governing the flow in the general nonequilibrium case are identified and are used for establishing a framework for closure. Initially closure is achieved here empirically and the potential for achieving closure in the future using the wallwake attached eddy model of Perry & Marusic (1995) is outlined. Comparisons are made with experiments covering adversepressuregradient flows in relaxing and developing states and flows approaching equilibrium sink flow. Mean velocity profiles, total shear stress and Reynolds stress profiles can be computed for different streamwise stations, given an initial upstream mean velocity profile and the streamwise variation of freestream velocity. The attached eddy model of Perry & Marusic (1995) can then be utilized, with some refinement, to compute the remaining unknown quantities such as Reynolds normal stresses and associated spectra and crosspower spectra in the fully turbulent part of the flow.

ItemEvolution and structure of sinkflow turbulent boundary layersJones, M. B. ; MARUSIC, IVAN ; Perry, A. E. ( 2001)An experimental and theoretical investigation of turbulent boundary layers developing in a sinkflow pressure gradient was undertaken. Three flow cases were studied, corresponding to different acceleration strengths. Meanflow measurements were taken for all three cases, while Reynolds stresses and spectra measurements were made for two of the flow cases. In this study attention was focused on the evolution of the layers to an equilibrium turbulent state. All the layers were found to attain a state very close to precise equilibrium. This gave equilibrium sink flow data at higher Reynolds numbers than in previous experiments. The mean velocity profiles were found to collapse onto the conventional logarithmic law of the wall. However, for profiles measured with the Pitot tube, a slight ‘kickup’ from the logarithmic law was observed near the buffer region, whereas the mean velocity profiles measured with a normal hot wire did not exhibit this deviation from the logarithmic law. As the layers approached equilibrium, the mean velocity profiles were found to approach the pure wall profile and for the highest level of acceleration Π was very close to zero, where Π is the Coles wake factor. This supports the proposition of Coles (1957), that the equilibrium sink flow corresponds to pure wall flow. Particular interest was also given to the evolutionary stages of the boundary layers, in order to test and further develop the closure hypothesis of Perry, Marusic & Li (1994). Improved quantitative agreement with the experimental results was found after slight modification of their original closure equation.

ItemNew evolution equations for turbulent boundary layers in arbitrary pressure gradientsPerry, A. E. ; Marusic, I. ; Jones, M. B. ( 1997)A new approach at looking at the classic closure problem for turbulent boundary layers is presented. This involves using the well known meanflow scaling laws such as Prandtl's law of the wall and Coles' law of the wake together with the mean momentum integral and differential equations. The important parameters governing the flow in the general nonequilibrium case are identified and are used to formulate the closure hypothesis. Once the mean flow field has been determined, relevant turbulence quantities can be computed using a coherent structure eddy model based on the attached eddy hypothesis.

ItemThe effect of aspect ratio and divergence on the turbulence structure of boundary layersJones, M. B. ; Marusic, I. ; Perry, A. E. ( 1995)The effect of the aspect ratio of a turbulent boundary layer on the mean flow, broadband turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress has been studied. The aspect ratio (AR) is defined as the boundary layer thickness divided by the boundary layer width, i.e. the effective wind tunnel width. Measurements have been taken in a nominally zero pressure gradient layer at a single station for three different aspect ratio settings, AR=1/4, AR=1/7, and AR=1/13. The measurements show that the turbulent quantities were unaffected when the aspect ratio was increased from AR=1/13 to AR=1/7. However at AR=1/4 there appears to be a slight increase in the broadband turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress.

ItemNew evolution equations for turbulent boundary layers in arbitrary pressure gradientsPerry, A. E. ; Marusic, I. ; Jones, M. B. (Indian Academy of Sciences, 1998)A new approach to the classical closure problem for turbulent boundary layers is presented. This involves using the wellknown meanflow scaling laws such as Prandtl's law of the wall and the law of the wake of Coles together with the mean continuity and the mean momentum differential and integral equations. The important parameters governing the flow in the general nonequilibrium case are identified and are used for establishing a framework for closure. Initially, closure is done here empirically from the data but the framework is most suitable for applying the attached eddy hypothesis in future work. How this might be done is indicated here.