Mechanical Engineering - Research Publications

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    Coverage control of mobile sensor networks with directional sensing
    Ju, Z ; Zhang, H ; Tan, Y ; Chen, X (AMER INST MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES-AIMS, 2022-01-01)
    Control design of mobile sensors for coverage problem is addressed in this paper. The mobile sensors have non-linear dynamics and directional sensing properties which mean the sensing performance is also affected by the pointing directions of the sensors. Different from the standard optimal coverage problem where sensors are assumed to be omni-directional ones, orientation angles of the directional sensors should also be controlled, other than the position control, to achieve the coverage purpose. Considering also the non-linear dynamics of the mobile sensors, new control methodology is necessarily developed for the coverage problem with directional sensors. In the approach proposed, an innovative gradient based non-smooth motion controller is designed for the mobile sensors with unicycle dynamics. With the proposed controllers, the states of sensors will always stay in an positive invariant set where the gradient of the performance valuation function is well-defined if they are initialized within this set. Moreover, the sensors' states are proved to converge to some critical point where the gradient is zero. Simulation results are provided to illustrate the performance of the proposed coverage control strategy.
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    Flexible mechanical metamaterials enabling soft tactile sensors with multiple sensitivities at multiple force sensing ranges
    Mohammadi, A ; Tan, Y ; Choong, P ; Oetomo, D (NATURE PORTFOLIO, 2021-12-16)
    The majority of existing tactile sensors are designed to measure a particular range of force with a fixed sensitivity. However, some applications require tactile sensors with multiple task-relevant sensitivities at multiple ranges of force sensing. Inspired by the human tactile sensing capability, this paper proposes a novel soft tactile sensor based on mechanical metamaterials which exhibits multiple sensitivity regimes due to the step-by-step locking behaviour of its heterogenous multi-layered structure. By tuning the geometrical design parameters of the collapsible layers, each layer experiences locking behaviour under different ranges of force which provides different sensitivity of the sensor at different force magnitude. The integration of a magnetic-based transduction method with the proposed structure results in high design degrees of freedom for realising the desired contact force sensitivities and corresponding force sensing ranges. A systematic design procedure is proposed to select appropriate design parameters to produce the desired characteristics. Two example designs of the sensor structure were fabricated using widely available benchtop 3D printers and tested for their performance. The results showed the capability of the sensor in providing the desired characteristics in terms of sensitivity and force range and being realised in different shapes, sizes and number of layers in a single structure. The proposed multi-sensitivity soft tactile sensor has a great potential to be used in a wide variety of applications where different sensitivities of force measurement is required at different ranges of force magnitudes, from robotic manipulation and human-machine interaction to biomedical engineering and health-monitoring.
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    Averaging for nonlinear systems on Riemannian manifolds
    Taringoo, F ; Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ; Dower, PM (IEEE, 2013)
    This paper provides a derivation of the averaging methods for nonlinear time-varying dynamical systems defined on Riemannian manifolds. We extend the results on ℝ n to Riemannian manifolds by employing the language of differential geometry.
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    Point-wise extremum seeking control scheme under repeatable control environment
    Tan, Y ; Mareels, I ; Nešić, D ; Xu, JX (IEEE, 2007-01-01)
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    On stability properties of nonlinear time-varying systems by semi-definite time-varying Lyapunov can
    Wang, ZM ; Tan, Y ; Wang, G ; Nesic, D (IFAC, 2008-12-01)
    Stability properties (uniform stability/uniform asymptotic stability) of nonlinear time-varying systems are explored using positive semi-definite time-varying Lyapunov candidates whose derivative along trajectories is either non-positive or negative semi-definite. Once these positive semi-definite time-varying Lyapunov candidates are available, conditional stability properties on some specific sets can be used to ensure stability properties ( unform stability and unform asymptotic stability) of nonlinear time-varying systems.
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    New Stability Criteria for Switched Time-Varying Systems: Output-Persistently Exciting Conditions
    Lee, T-C ; Tan, Y ; Nesic, D (IEEE, 2011-01-01)
    This paper proposes three tools to facilitate the verification of the output-persistently exciting (OPE) condition and simultaneously, provides new asymptotic stability criteria for uniformly globally stable switched systems. By introducing some related reference systems, the OPE condition of the original system can be reduced or simplified. Both the ideas of classic LaSalle invariance principle and nested Matrosov theorem are used to generate such reference systems. The effectiveness and flexibility of the proposed methods are demonstrated by two applications. From these applications, it can be seen that the flexibility of the proposed method produces a novel set of tools for checking uniform asymptotic stability of switched time-varying systems.
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    Extremum seeking control for nonlinear systems on compact Riemannian manifolds
    Taringoo, F ; Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ; DOWER, PM (IEEE Press, 2014)
    This paper formulates the extremum seeking control problem for nonlinear dynamical systems which evolve on Riemannian manifolds and presents stability results for a class of numerical algorithms defined in this context. The results are obtained based upon an extension of extremum seeking algorithms in Euclidean spaces and a generalization of Lyapunov stability theory for dynamical systems defined on Rimannian manifolds. We employ local properties of Lyapunov functions to extend the singular perturbation analysis on Riemannian manifolds. Consequently, the results of the singular perturbation on manifolds are used to obtain the convergence of extremum seeking algorithms for dynamical systems on Riemannian manifolds.
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    Extremum Seeking From 1922 To 2010
    Tan, Y ; Moase, WH ; Manzie, C ; Nesic, D ; Mareels, IMY ; Chen, J (IEEE, 2010-01-01)
    Extremum seeking is a form of adaptive control where the steady-state input-output characteristic is optimized, without requiring any explicit knowledge about this input-output characteristic other than that it exists and that it has an extremum. Because extremum seeking is model free, it has proven to be both robust and effective in many different application domains. Equally being model free, there are clear limitations to what can be achieved. Perhaps paradoxically, although being model free, extremum seeking is a gradient based optimization technique. Extremum seeking relies on an appropriate exploration of the process to be optimized to provide the user with an approximate gradient, and hence the means to locate an extremum. These observations are elucidated in the paper. Using averaging and time-scale separation ideas more generally, the main behavioral characteristics of the simplest (model free) extremum seeking algorithm are established.