Mechanical Engineering - Research Publications
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ItemTurbulence intensity similarity formulations for wall-bounded flowsMARUSIC, I ; Kunkel, GJ ; Zhao, R ; Smits, AJ (CIMNE - International Center for Numical Methods in Engineering, 2004)
ItemEvidence of the -1-law in a high Reynolds number turbulent boundary layerNickels, T. B. ; Hafez, S. ; Marusic, I. ; Chong, M. S. ( 2004)Dimensional analysis leads to a prediction of a -1-power-lawfor the streamwise velocity spectrum in a turbulent boundarylayer. This law can be derived from overlap arguments or fromphysical arguments based on the attached eddy hypothesis ofTownsend (1976). Some recent experiments have questionedthe existence of this power-law region in wall-bounded ows.In this paper experimental spectra are presented which supportthe existence of the -1-law in a high Reynolds number boundarylayer, measured in the large boundary layer facility in theWalterBasset laboratory at the University of Melbourne. The paperpresents the experimental results and discusses the theoreticaland experimental issues involved in examining the existence ofthe -1-law and reasons why it has proved so elusive.
ItemDual-plane PIV investigation of structural features in a turbulent boundary layerMarusic, I. ; Ganapathisubramani, B. ; Longmire, E. K. ( 2004)Simultaneous dual-plane PIV experiments were performed instreamwise-spanwise planes in the log region of a turbulentboundary layer at a moderate Reynolds number (Ret » 1100).The acquired datasets were used to resolve all 9 velocity gradientsfrom which the complete vorticity vector and other invariantquantities like 3-D swirl strength were computed. Thesederived quantities were used to analyze and interpret the structuralcharacteristics and features of the boundary layer. Resultsof the vorticity vector and the 2-D swirl strength from the twoneighbouring planes indicate the existence of hairpin shapedvortices inclined downstream along the streamwise direction.These vortices envelop low speed zones and generate Reynoldsshear stress that enhances turbulence production. Plots of full3D swirl strength indicate the existence of additional vorticalstructures in the middle of the low speed zones that may representheads of smaller eddies intersecting the measurementplane. This concept is in accordance with the hierarchy of structuresize in a hairpin packet proposed by Adrian et al.. Computationof inclination angles of individual eddies using the vorticityvector suggests that most cores are inclined at 25± to thestreamwise-spanwise plane with a resulting projected eddy inclinationof 32±.
ItemInclined cross-stream stereo PIV measurements in turbulent boundary layers.Hutchins, N. ; Hambleton, W. ; Marusic, I. (CIMNE, 2004)By arranging the laser light-sheet and image plane of a stereo PIV system ininclined spanwise/wall-normal planes (inclined at both 45± and 135± to the x-axis) we have obtained a unique quantitative view of the turbulent boundarylayer in planes aligned both with and against the principle vorticity axis of aproposed hairpin model. These experiments have been repeated across a range ofReynolds numbers (Re¿ ¼ 800 ¡ 3050). In-plane swirl results indicate the presenceof inclined eddies, arranged about low-speed regions (with circumstantialevidence suggesting that these occasionally group into packet-like formations).Two-point correlations show that outer scaling is the correct way to quantifythe characteristic spanwise lengthscale across the range of Re¿ .