Mechanical Engineering - Research Publications

Permanent URI for this collection

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 45
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Averaging for nonlinear systems on Riemannian manifolds
    Taringoo, F ; Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ; Dower, PM (IEEE, 2013)
    This paper provides a derivation of the averaging methods for nonlinear time-varying dynamical systems defined on Riemannian manifolds. We extend the results on ℝ n to Riemannian manifolds by employing the language of differential geometry.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Idle speed control using linear time varying model predictive control and discrete time approximations
    Sharma, R ; Nesic, D ; Manzie, C (IEEE, 2010-01-01)
    This paper addresses the problem of idle speed control of hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine (H2ICE) using model predictive control (MPC) and sampled data control (SDC) theories. In the first step, results from SDC theory and a version of MPC are collectively employed to obtain a rigorously developed new generic control strategy. Here, a controller, based on a family of approximate discrete time models, is designed within a previously proposed framework to have guaranteed practical asymptotic stability of the exact (unknown) discrete time model. Controller design, accomplished using MPC theory, is facilitated by successive online linearizations of the nonlinear discrete time model at each sampling instant. In the second step, the technique is implemented in the idle speed control of hydrogen internal combustion engine (H2ICE). Various conditions under which this theory can be implemented are presented and their validity for idle speed control problem are discussed. Simulations are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the control scheme.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Real time model predictive idle speed control of ultra-lean burn engines: Experimental results
    Sharma, R ; Dennis, P ; Manzie, C ; Nešić, D ; Brear, MJ (IEEE, 2011-01-01)
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    New Stability Criteria for Switched Time-Varying Systems: Output-Persistently Exciting Conditions
    Lee, T-C ; Tan, Y ; Nesic, D (IEEE, 2011-01-01)
    This paper proposes three tools to facilitate the verification of the output-persistently exciting (OPE) condition and simultaneously, provides new asymptotic stability criteria for uniformly globally stable switched systems. By introducing some related reference systems, the OPE condition of the original system can be reduced or simplified. Both the ideas of classic LaSalle invariance principle and nested Matrosov theorem are used to generate such reference systems. The effectiveness and flexibility of the proposed methods are demonstrated by two applications. From these applications, it can be seen that the flexibility of the proposed method produces a novel set of tools for checking uniform asymptotic stability of switched time-varying systems.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Extremum seeking control for nonlinear systems on compact Riemannian manifolds
    Taringoo, F ; Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ; DOWER, PM (IEEE Press, 2014)
    This paper formulates the extremum seeking control problem for nonlinear dynamical systems which evolve on Riemannian manifolds and presents stability results for a class of numerical algorithms defined in this context. The results are obtained based upon an extension of extremum seeking algorithms in Euclidean spaces and a generalization of Lyapunov stability theory for dynamical systems defined on Rimannian manifolds. We employ local properties of Lyapunov functions to extend the singular perturbation analysis on Riemannian manifolds. Consequently, the results of the singular perturbation on manifolds are used to obtain the convergence of extremum seeking algorithms for dynamical systems on Riemannian manifolds.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Extremum Seeking From 1922 To 2010
    Tan, Y ; Moase, WH ; Manzie, C ; Nesic, D ; Mareels, IMY ; Chen, J (IEEE, 2010-01-01)
    Extremum seeking is a form of adaptive control where the steady-state input-output characteristic is optimized, without requiring any explicit knowledge about this input-output characteristic other than that it exists and that it has an extremum. Because extremum seeking is model free, it has proven to be both robust and effective in many different application domains. Equally being model free, there are clear limitations to what can be achieved. Perhaps paradoxically, although being model free, extremum seeking is a gradient based optimization technique. Extremum seeking relies on an appropriate exploration of the process to be optimized to provide the user with an approximate gradient, and hence the means to locate an extremum. These observations are elucidated in the paper. Using averaging and time-scale separation ideas more generally, the main behavioral characteristics of the simplest (model free) extremum seeking algorithm are established.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Coordination of blind agents on Lie groups
    Taringoo, F ; Nesic, D ; DOWER, P ; Tan, Y (IEEE, 2015)
    This paper presents an algorithm for the synchronization of blind agents evolving on a connected Lie group. We employ the method of extremum seeking control for nonlinear dynamical systems defined on connected Riemannian manifolds to achieve the synchronization among the agents. This approach is independent of the underlying graph of the system and each agent updates its position on the connected Lie group by only receiving the synchronization cost function.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    Closeness of solutions and averaging for nonlinear systems on Riemannian manifolds
    Taringoo, F ; Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ; Dower, PM (IEEE, 2013)
    An averaging result for periodic dynamical systems evolving on Euclidean spaces is extended to those evolving on (differentiable) Riemannian manifolds. Using standard tools from differential geometry, a perturbation result for time-varying dynamical systems is developed that measures closeness of trajectories via a suitable metric on a finite time horizon. This perturbation result is then extended to bound excursions in the trajectories of periodic dynamical systems from those of their respective averages, on an infinite time horizon, yielding the specified averaging result. Some simple examples further illustrating this result are also presented.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    An improved Matrosov theorem for hybrid time-varying systems: A behavior approach
    Lee, TC ; Tan, Y ; Nesic, D (IEEE, 2011-08-29)
    This paper concerns the stability of hybrid time-varying systems. A behavior approach is used to transfer the functional space on hybrid time domains into a functional space on continuous-time domains. Then a new stability criterion is derived for the transferred continuous-time functional space to derive a nested Matrosov theorem for hybrid time-varying systems. The proposed Matrosov theorem does not require that the equilibrium set is compact, which indicates an extension of current results in literature. The obtained results have also a potential to be used in stability analysis for other types of dynamic systems such as time-delay systems.
  • Item
    Thumbnail Image
    A UNIFYING FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF EXTREMUM SEEKING CONTROLLERS
    Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ; Manzie, C ; Mohammadi, A ; Moase, W (IEEE, 2012-01-01)
    We summarize a unifying design approach to continuous-time extremum seeking that was recently reported by the authors. This approach is based on a feedback control paradigm that was to the best of our knowledge explicitly summarized for the first time in this form in our recent work. This paradigm covers some existing extremum seeking schemes, provides a direct link to off-line optimization and can be used as a unifying framework for design of novel extremum seeking schemes. Moreover, we show that other extremum seeking problem formulations can be interpreted using this unifying viewpoint. We believe that this unifying view will be invaluable to systematically design and analyze extremum seeking controllers in various settings.