 Mechanical Engineering  Research Publications
Mechanical Engineering  Research Publications
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ItemA Local Characterization of Lyapunov Functions and Robust Stability of Perturbed Systems on Riemannian ManifoldsTaringoo, F ; Dower, PM ; Nešić, D ; Tan, Y ( 20131031)This paper proposes converse Lyapunov theorems for nonlinear dynamical systems defined on smooth connected Riemannian manifolds and characterizes properties of Lyapunov functions with respect to the Riemannian distance function. We extend classical Lyapunov converse theorems for dynamical systems in R n to dynamical systems evolving on Riemannian manifolds. This is performed by restricting our analysis to the so called normal neighborhoods of equilibriums on Riemannian manifolds. By employing the derived properties of Lyapunov functions, we obtain the stability of perturbed dynamical systems on Riemannian manifolds.

ItemAveraging for nonlinear systems evolving on Riemannian manifoldsTaringoo, F ; Nešić, D ; Tan, Y ; Dower, PM ( 20131111)This paper presents an averaging method for nonlinear systems defined on Riemannian manifolds. We extend closeness of solutions results for ordinary differential equations on R n to dynamical systems defined on Riemannian manifolds by employing differential geometry. A generalization of closeness of solutions for periodic dynamical systems on compact time intervals is derived for dynamical systems evolving on compact Riemannian manifolds. Under local asymptotic (exponential) stability of the average vector field, we further relax the compactness of the ambient Riemannian manifold and obtain the closeness of solutions on the infinite time interval by employing the notion of uniform normal neighborhoods of an equilibrium point of a vector field. These results are also presented for timevarying dynamical systems where their averaged systems are almost globally asymptotically or exponentially stable on compact manifolds. The main results of the paper are illustrated by several examples.

ItemOptimization Methods on Riemannian Manifolds via Extremum Seeking AlgorithmsTaringoo, F ; Dower, PM ; Nesic, D ; Tan, Y ( 20141209)This paper formulates the problem of Extremum Seeking for optimization of cost functions defined on Riemannian manifolds. We extend the conventional extremum seeking algorithms for optimization problems in Euclidean spaces to optimization of cost functions defined on smooth Riemannian manifolds. This problem falls within the category of online optimization methods. We introduce the notion of geodesic dithers which is a perturbation of the optimizing trajectory in the tangent bundle of the ambient state manifolds and obtain the extremum seeking closed loop as a perturbation of the averaged gradient system. The main results are obtained by applying closeness of solutions and averaging theory on Riemannian manifolds. The main results are further extended for optimization on Lie groups. Numerical examples on Riemannian manifolds (Lie groups) SOp3q and SEp3q are also presented at the end of the paper.

ItemThe effect of aspect ratio and divergence on the turbulence structure of boundary layersJones, M. B. ; Marusic, I. ; Perry, A. E. ( 2007)The effect of the aspect ratio of a turbulent boundary layer on the mean flow, broadband turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress has been studied. The aspect ratio (AR) is defined as the boundary layer thickness divided by the boundary layer width, i.e. the effective wind tunnel width. Measurements have been taken in a nominally zero pressure gradient layer at a single station for three different aspect ratio settings, AR=1/4, AR=1/7, and AR=1/13. The measurements show that the turbulent quantities were unaffected when the aspect ratio was increased from AR=1/13 to AR=1/7. However at AR=1/4 there appears to be a slight increase in the broadband turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress.