Mechanical Engineering - Research Publications

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    Surface shear stress fluctuations in the atmospheric surface layer
    Monty, J. P. ; Chong, M. S. ; Hutchins, N. ; Marusic, I. ( 2006)
    A lightweight, high frequency response, floating element sensor was used to measure wall shear stress fluctuations in an atmospheric surface layer. The sensor uses a laser position measurement system to track the motion of the floating element. The measurements were taken as part of an internationally coordinated experimental program designed to make extensive spatial and temporal measurements of velocity, temperature and wall shear stress of the surface layer. Velocity measurements were made with both a 27m high vertical array and a 100m wide horizontal array of sonic anemometers; 18 anemometers in total were employed. Cross-correlations of shear stress and streamwise velocity fluctuations were analysed in an attempt to identify structure angles in the flow. The results were shown to compare favourably with experimental data from controlled, laboratory turbulent boundary layer measurements at three orders of magnitude lower Reynolds number.
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    Evidence of the -1-law in a high Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer
    Nickels, T. B. ; Hafez, S. ; Marusic, I. ; Chong, M. S. ( 2004)
    Dimensional analysis leads to a prediction of a -1-power-lawfor the streamwise velocity spectrum in a turbulent boundarylayer. This law can be derived from overlap arguments or fromphysical arguments based on the attached eddy hypothesis ofTownsend (1976). Some recent experiments have questionedthe existence of this power-law region in wall-bounded ows.In this paper experimental spectra are presented which supportthe existence of the -1-law in a high Reynolds number boundarylayer, measured in the large boundary layer facility in theWalterBasset laboratory at the University of Melbourne. The paperpresents the experimental results and discusses the theoreticaland experimental issues involved in examining the existence ofthe -1-law and reasons why it has proved so elusive.