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ItemPathways of Change through Women’s Collective Action: How Women are Overcoming Barriers and Bucking Trends to Influence Rural Development in IndonesiaDiprose, R ; Savirani, A ; Hartoto, AS ; Setiawan, K (The Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment (MAMPU), The University of Melbourne and Universitas Gadjah Mada., 2020-01-30)This extensive analysis piece provides the overview to a peer-reviewed edited volume of case studies, drawing on detailed ethnographic research of how village women have influenced village development in Indonesia's multi-level governance structure under the new Village Law in Indonesia. The analysis in the overview identifies different types and degrees of constraints on gender-inclusive development in Indonesia, and draws out the main forms change that have taken place in the past six years, as well as the main types of impacts from women's collective action on the ground. The analysis also explains the main forms of individual, community and institutional changes underway in Indonesia under Indonesia's decentralised governance structure and its new Village Law. The comparative analysis draws from the detailed case studies provided in the volume and other extensive research conducted for the larger study. Overall, the study draws from detailed qualitative research, including in-depth interviews, focus group discussion, observations, and long village stays in a variety of villages in Indonesia to illustrate the complex processes by which women exercise voice and influence in village development and how they navigate the constraints on gender inclusion and women’s empowerment. Through the analysis we see how change can happen in Indonesia, despite patriarchal norms and limited women’s representation in governance institutions and other structures of power and decision making. The overview is available in both Bahasa Indonesia and English.
ItemGender-inclusive Development and Decentralised Governance: Promoting Women’s Voice and Influence through Collective Action in Rural IndonesiaDiprose, R ; Savirani, A ; Wells, T (The Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Gender Equality (MAMPU), The University of Melbourne and Universitas Indonesia., 2020-02-01)This peer-reviewed research and policy paper draws on analysis of how women influence decision making in Indonesia's multi-level governance structure under the new Village Law in Indonesia. The analysis identifies the ways that women, through different causal processes, influence development priorities, spending, projects, policies and policy actors, as well as social norms in communities. The analysis draws from a large, qualitative comparative study conducted in different places throughout Indonesia, providing an analytical framework for understanding variation in social and politico-economic contexts in terms of the constraints and opportunities for gender inclusion and women's empowerment. The research also explains variations in the processes by which women exercise voice and influence in these differing contexts, providing considerations for policy makers and others concerned with gender inclusion, women's empowerment and everyday wellbeing.
ItemBureaucratic Reform in Indonesia: Policy Analyst ExperiencesDiprose, R ; Wulandari, P ; Williams, E ; Yustriani, L (Knowledge Sector Initiative/University of Melbourne, 2020-01-31)In recent years, Indonesia has introduced reforms to its bureaucracy in response to critiques of the quality of government policy design and delivery. The Grand Design of Bureaucratic Reform strategy seeks to reduce the number of civil servants employed in administrative or managerial positions (structural appointments) in favour of skills-based recruitment into ‘functional’ positions. Specifically, the introduction of the ‘policy analyst’ position as a functional position in the civil service has sought to improve evidence-based policy making and the quality of policy outcomes, by incorporating merit-based recruitment, appointment and promotion. The role of functional policy analysts (Jabatan Fungsional Analis Kebijakan or JFAKs) is to assist policy makers in identifying policy issues, analyse evidence available on these issues, and ultimately make policy recommendations. This report overviews the recent experiences of different policy analyst cohorts since the role’s creation in 2015. It investigates these experiences to better understand the extent to which policy analysts are playing the role intended for them, and the factors enabling or inhibiting this.