Mondal, J; Mishra, A; Lakkaraju, R; Ashokkumar, M; Ghosh, P
(IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2020-01-01)
Multiple bubble interactions in initially quiescent liquid are often accompanied by generation of jets, shockwaves and light. At cryogenic temperature (< 123 K) when certain materials (particularly bcc-type) become brittle, such afore-mentioned physical effects can be effective in disintegrating them to smaller fragments. CFD techniques based on direct numerical simulations can help to understand this phenomenon that may benefit nanotechnology-based industries and oil-gas exploration-firms working with air-gun arrays. In this paper, multiple bubble-pairs are simulated in a co-centric manner around a centrally located solid target (5 mm radius). The ambient fluid is liquid nitrogen (77 K) and the bubbles are gaseous nitrogen (87 K). 2D numerical simulation using the VOF method in compressible domain is carried out neglecting the effect of phase change and gravity. The stand-off distance between the solid target and bubble-pairs are varied systematically and its influence on the fluid-dynamic effects (e.g. pressure shockwave & jets) are compared. Initial calculations suggest that for stand-off distance of 0.93 mm, shockwaves measure above 10 times the ambient pressure and liquid jet speeds around 30 m/s in cryogenic environment, at multiple locations very close to the solid target. These consecutive physical impacts can foster ample liquid-hammer pressures, making it promising for solid wear at 77 K when juxtaposed against room-temperature cases.