School of Chemistry - Research Publications
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ItemBrownian Tree-Shaped Dendrites in Quasi-2D Perovskite Films and Their Impact on Photovoltaic PerformanceZheng, F ; Angmo, D ; Hall, CR ; Rubanov, S ; Yuan, F ; Laird, JS ; Gao, M ; Smith, TA ; Ghiggino, KP (WILEY, 2022-02-06)
ItemNo Preview AvailableFluorescence anisotropy imaging of a polydiacetylene photopolymer filmSoleimaninejad, H ; Ghiggino, KP ; Smith, TA ; Paige, MF (CANADIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING, NRC RESEARCH PRESS, 2019-06-01)UV-illumination of phase-separated surfactant films prepared from mixtures of photopolymerizable 10,12-pentacosadiynoic acid and perfluorotetradecanoic acid results in the formation of fluorescent polydiacetylene fibers and aggregates. In this work, the orientation of polymer strands that comprise the resulting photopolymer structures has been probed using fluorescence anisotropy imaging in combination with defocused single-molecule fluorescence imaging. Imaging experiments indicate the presence of significant fiber-to-fiber heterogeneity, as well as anisotropy within each fiber (or aggregate), with both of these properties changing as a function of film preparation conditions. This anisotropy can be attributed to various alignments of the constituent polymer strands that comprise the larger fibers and aggregates. Intriguingly, when using defocused imaging, fiber images consisted of a series of discrete “doughnut” fluorescence emission patterns, which exhibited intermittent on–off blinking behavior; both of these properties are characteristic of individual emission transition dipoles (single molecules). Further, all of the individual emission transition dipoles had a uniform orientation with respect to the axis of the fiber, indicating a common orientation of discrete emitters in the larger polymer fiber. The implications of these results for future studies of the electronic properties of conjugated polymers in larger macroscopic systems are noted.
ItemNo Preview AvailableHierarchical Uniform Crystalline Nanowires of Wide Bandgap Conjugated Polymer for Light-Emitting Optoelectronic DevicesXu, M ; Yu, M ; Liu, B ; Lin, J ; Soleimaninejad, H ; Smith, TA ; Ding, X ; Bai, L ; Han, Y ; Xie, L ; Liu, W ; Ghiggino, KP ; Lin, Z ; Yu, T ; Xu, C ; Huang, W (ELSEVIER, 2020-03-25)
ItemLimitations of conjugated polymers as emitters in triplet-triplet annihilation upconversionO'shea, R ; Gao, C ; Bradley, S ; Owyong, TC ; Wu, N ; White, JM ; Ghiggino, KP ; Wong, WWH (ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, 2021-10-11)Triplet–triplet annihilation upconversion performances for poly(phenylene-vinylene) emitters were investigated through a series of copolymers with bulky sidechains.
ItemImproved compatibility of DDAB-functionalized graphene oxide with a conjugated polymer by isocyanate treatmentZheng, F ; Yang, X-Y ; Bi, P-Q ; Niu, M-S ; Lv, C-K ; Feng, L ; Hao, X-T ; Ghiggino, KP (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017-01-01)2-Chlorophenyl isocyanate (CI) reacts with didodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB) functionalized graphene oxide (DDAB-GO) dispersed in ortho-dichlorobenzene under mild conditions. The CI treatment complements DDAB functionalization to further decrease the hydrophilicity of pristine GO sheets. The resulting CI–DDAB-GO exhibits improved compatibility with the conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), compared to DDAB-GO. CI–DDAB-GO sheets can be homogeneously dispersed when blended with P3HT, resulting in an improved morphology compared to P3HT:DDAB-GO composites. The incorporation of CI–DDAB-GO can effectively reduce the dark current of photo-diodes based on P3HT composites, showing potential to enhance the performance of electronic devices based on conjugated polymer composites.
ItemRevealing the influence of steric bulk on the triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion performance of conjugated polymersO'shea, R ; Kendrick, WJ ; Gao, C ; Owyong, TC ; White, JM ; Ghiggino, KP ; Wong, WWH (NATURE PORTFOLIO, 2021-10-01)A series of poly(phenylene-vinylene)-based copolymers are synthesized using the Gilch method incorporating monomers with sterically bulky sidechains. The photochemical upconversion performance of these polymers as emitters are investigated using a palladium tetraphenyltetrabenzoporphyrin triplet sensitizer and MEH-PPV as reference. Increased incorporation of sterically bulky monomers leads to a reduction in the upconversion efficiency despite improved photoluminescence quantum yield. A phosphorescence quenching study indicates issues with the energy transfer process between the triplet sensitizer and the copolymers. The best performance with 0.18% upconversion quantum yield is obtained for the copolymer containing 10% monomer with bulky sidechains.
ItemLiquid Crystallinity as a Self-Assembly Motif for High-Efficiency, Solution-Processed, Solid-State Singlet Fission MaterialsMasoomi-Godarzi, S ; Liu, M ; Tachibana, Y ; Mitchell, VD ; Goerigk, L ; Ghiggino, KP ; Smith, TA ; Jones, DJ (WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2019-07-09)
ItemTriggering the Passivation Effect of Potassium Doping in Mixed-Cation Mixed-Halide Perovskite by Light IlluminationZheng, F ; Chen, W ; Bu, T ; Ghiggino, KP ; Huang, F ; Cheng, Y ; Tapping, P ; Kee, TW ; Jia, B ; Wen, X (Wiley, 2019-06-01)Potassium (K+) doping has been recently discovered as an effective route to suppress hysteresis and improve the performance stability of perovskite solar cells. However, the mechanism of these K+ doping effects is still under debate, and rationalization of the improved performance in these perovskites is needed. Herein, the photoluminescence (PL) properties and device performance of mixed‐cation mixed‐halide perovskite are dynamically monitored with and without K+ doping under bias light illumination via a confocal fluorescence microscope, together with ultrafast transient absorption as well as time‐dependent and time‐resolved PL measurements. It is demonstrated that illumination is essential to trigger the passivation effect of K+ by forming KBr‐like compounds, leading to the elimination of interface trapping defects and suppression of mobile ion migration, thus resulting in improved power conversion efficiency and negligible current–voltage hysteresis of solar cells. This work provides novel insight into the hysteresis suppression upon K+ doping and highlights the significance of light illumination when using this protocol.
ItemThe Dominant Energy Transport Pathway in Halide Perovskites: Photon Recycling or Carrier Diffusion?Gan, Z ; Wen, X ; Chen, W ; Zhou, C ; Yang, S ; Cao, G ; Ghiggino, KP ; Zhang, H ; Jia, B (WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2019-05-23)
ItemSolution-Processable, Solid State Donor-Acceptor Materials for Singlet FissionMasoomi-Godarzi, S ; Liu, M ; Tachibana, Y ; Goerigk, L ; Ghiggino, KP ; Smith, TA ; Jones, DJ (WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2018-10-25)
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