School of Agriculture, Food and Ecosystem Sciences - Research Publications

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    The global burden of adolescent and young adult cancer in 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019
    Alvarez, EM ; Force, LM ; Xu, R ; Compton, K ; Lu, D ; Henrikson, HJ ; Kocarnik, JM ; Harvey, JD ; Pennini, A ; Dean, FE ; Fu, W ; Vargas, MT ; Keegan, THM ; Ariffin, H ; Barr, RD ; Erdomaeva, YA ; Gunasekera, DS ; John-Akinola, YO ; Ketterl, TG ; Kutluk, T ; Malogolowkin, MH ; Mathur, P ; Radhakrishnan, V ; Ries, LAG ; Rodriguez-Galindo, C ; Sagoyan, GB ; Sultan, I ; Abbasi, B ; Abbasi-Kangevari, M ; Abbasi-Kangevari, Z ; Abbastabar, H ; Abdelmasseh, M ; Abd-Elsalam, S ; Abdoli, A ; Abebe, H ; Abedi, A ; Abidi, H ; Abolhassani, H ; Ali, HA ; Abu-Gharbieh, E ; Achappa, B ; Acuna, JM ; Adedeji, IA ; Adegboye, OA ; Adnani, QES ; Advani, SM ; Afzal, MS ; Meybodi, MA ; Ahadinezhad, B ; Ahinkorah, BO ; Ahmad, S ; Ahmadi, S ; Ahmed, MB ; Rashid, TA ; Salih, YA ; Aiman, W ; Akalu, GT ; Al Hamad, H ; Alahdab, F ; AlAmodi, AA ; Alanezi, FM ; Alanzi, TM ; Alem, AZ ; Alem, DT ; Alemayehu, Y ; Alhalaiqa, FN ; Alhassan, RK ; Ali, S ; Alicandro, G ; Alipour, V ; Aljunid, SM ; Alkhayyat, M ; Alluri, S ; Almasri, NA ; Al-Maweri, SA ; Almustanyir, S ; Al-Raddadi, RM ; Alvis-Guzman, N ; Ameyaw, EK ; Amini, S ; Amu, H ; Ancuceanu, R ; Andrei, CL ; Andrei, T ; Ansari, F ; Ansari-Moghaddam, A ; Anvari, D ; Anyasodor, AE ; Arabloo, J ; Arab-Zozani, M ; Argaw, AM ; Arshad, M ; Arulappan, J ; Aryannejad, A ; Asemi, Z ; Jafarabadi, MA ; Atashzar, MR ; Atorkey, P ; Atreya, A ; Attia, S ; Aujayeb, A ; Ausloos, M ; Avila-Burgos, L ; Awedew, AF ; Quintanilla, BPA ; Ayele, AD ; Ayen, SS ; Azab, MA ; Azadnajafabad, S ; Azami, H ; Azangou-Khyavy, M ; Jafari, AA ; Azarian, G ; Azzam, AY ; Bahadory, S ; Bai, J ; Baig, AA ; Baker, JL ; Banach, M ; Barnighausen, TW ; Barone-Adesi, F ; Barra, F ; Barrow, A ; Basaleem, H ; Batiha, A-MM ; Behzadifar, M ; Bekele, NC ; Belete, R ; Belgaumi, UI ; Bell, AW ; Berhie, AY ; Bhagat, DS ; Bhagavathula, AS ; Bhardwaj, N ; Bhardwaj, P ; Bhaskar, S ; Bhattacharyya, K ; Bhojaraja, VS ; Bibi, S ; Bijani, A ; Biondi, A ; Birara, S ; Bjorge, T ; Bolarinwa, OA ; Bolla, SR ; Boloor, A ; Braithwaite, D ; Brenner, H ; Bulamu, NB ; Burkart, K ; Bustamante-Teixeira, MT ; Butt, NS ; Butt, ZA ; dos Santos, FLC ; Cao, C ; Cao, Y ; Carreras, G ; Catala-Lopez, F ; Cembranel, F ; Cerin, E ; Chakinala, RC ; Chakraborty, PA ; Chattu, VK ; Chaturvedi, P ; Chaurasia, A ; Chavan, PP ; Chimed-Ochir, O ; Choi, J-YJ ; Christopher, DJ ; Chu, D-T ; Chung, MT ; Conde, J ; Costa, VM ; Daar, OB ; Dadras, O ; Dahlawi, SMA ; Dai, X ; Damiani, G ; Amico, ED ; Dandona, L ; Dandona, R ; Daneshpajouhnejad, P ; Darwish, AH ; Daryani, A ; De la Hoz, FP ; Debela, SA ; Demie, TGG ; Demissie, GD ; Demissie, ZG ; Denova-Gutierrez, E ; Molla, MD ; Desai, R ; Desta, AA ; Dhamnetiya, D ; Dharmaratne, SD ; Dhimal, ML ; Dhimal, M ; Dianatinasab, M ; Didehdar, M ; Diress, M ; Djalalinia, S ; Huyen, PD ; Doaei, S ; Dorostkar, F ; dos Santos, WM ; Drake, TM ; Ekholuenetale, M ; El Sayed, I ; Zaki, MES ; El Tantawi, M ; El-Abid, H ; Elbahnasawy, MA ; Elbarazi, I ; Elhabashy, HR ; Elhadi, M ; El-Jaafary, S ; Enyew, DB ; Erkhembayar, R ; Eshrati, B ; Eskandarieh, S ; Faisaluddin, M ; Fares, J ; Farooque, U ; Fasanmi, AO ; Fatima, W ; Ferreira de Oliveira, JMP ; Ferrero, S ; Desideri, LF ; Fetensa, G ; Filip, I ; Fischer, F ; Fisher, JL ; Foroutan, M ; Fukumoto, T ; Gaal, PA ; Gad, MM ; Gaewkhiew, P ; Gallus, S ; Garg, T ; Gemeda, BNB ; Getachew, T ; Ghafourifard, M ; Ghamari, S-H ; Ghashghaee, A ; Ghassemi, F ; Ghith, N ; Gholami, A ; Navashenaq, JG ; Gilani, SA ; Ginindza, TG ; Gizaw, AT ; Glasbey, JC ; Goel, A ; Golechha, M ; Goleij, P ; Golinelli, D ; Gopalani, SV ; Gorini, G ; Goudarzi, H ; Goulart, BNG ; Grada, A ; Gubari, MIM ; Guerra, MR ; Guha, A ; Gupta, B ; Gupta, S ; Gupta, VB ; Gupta, VK ; Haddadi, R ; Hafezi-Nejad, N ; Hailu, A ; Haj-Mirzaian, A ; Halwani, R ; Hamadeh, RR ; Hambisa, MT ; Hameed, S ; Hamidi, S ; Haque, S ; Hariri, S ; Haro, JM ; Hasaballah, A ; Hasan, SMM ; Hashemi, SM ; Hassan, TS ; Hassanipour, S ; Hay, S ; Hayat, K ; Hebo, SH ; Heidari, G ; Heidari, M ; Herrera-Serna, BY ; Herteliu, C ; Heyi, DZ ; Hezam, K ; Hole, MK ; Holla, R ; Horita, N ; Hossain, MM ; Hossain, MB ; Hosseini, M-S ; Hosseini, M ; Hosseinzadeh, A ; Hosseinzadeh, M ; Hostiuc, M ; Hostiuc, S ; Househ, M ; Hsairi, M ; Huang, J ; Hussein, NR ; Hwang, B-F ; Ibitoye, SE ; Ilesanmi, OS ; Ilic, IM ; Ilic, MD ; Innos, K ; Irham, LM ; Islam, RM ; Islam, SMS ; Ismail, NE ; Isola, G ; Iwagami, M ; Jacob, L ; Jadidi-Niaragh, F ; Jain, V ; Jakovljevic, M ; Janghorban, R ; Mamaghani, AJ ; Jayaram, S ; Jayawardena, R ; Jazayeri, SB ; Jebai, R ; Jha, RP ; Joo, T ; Joseph, N ; Joukar, F ; Jurisson, M ; Kaambwa, B ; Kabir, A ; Kalankesh, LR ; Kaliyadan, F ; Kamal, Z ; Kamath, A ; Kandel, H ; Kar, SS ; Karaye, IM ; Karimi, A ; Kassa, BG ; Kauppila, JH ; Bohan, PMK ; Kengne, AP ; Kerbo, AA ; Keykhaei, M ; Khader, YS ; Khajuria, H ; Khalili, N ; Khan, EA ; Khan, G ; Khan, M ; Khan, MN ; Khan, MAB ; Khanali, J ; Khayamzadeh, M ; Khosravizadeh, O ; Khubchandani, J ; Khundkar, R ; Kim, MS ; Kim, YJ ; Kisa, A ; Kisa, S ; Kissimova-Skarbek, K ; Kolahi, A-A ; Kopec, JA ; Koteeswaran, R ; Laxminarayana, SLK ; Koyanagi, A ; Kugbey, N ; Kumar, GA ; Kumar, N ; Kwarteng, A ; La Vecchia, C ; Lan, Q ; Landires, I ; Lasrado, S ; Lauriola, P ; Ledda, C ; Lee, S-W ; Lee, W-C ; Lee, YY ; Lee, YH ; Leigh, J ; Leong, E ; Li, B ; Li, J ; Li, M-C ; Lim, SS ; Liu, X ; Lobo, SW ; Loureiro, JA ; Lugo, A ; Lunevicius, R ; Abd El Razek, HM ; Razek, MMAE ; Mahmoudi, M ; Majeed, A ; Makki, A ; Male, S ; Malekpour, M-R ; Malekzadeh, R ; Malik, AA ; Mamun, MA ; Manafi, N ; Mansour-Ghanaei, F ; Mansouri, B ; Mansournia, MA ; Martini, S ; Masoumi, SZ ; Matei, CN ; Mathur, MR ; McAlinden, C ; Mehrotra, R ; Mendoza, W ; Menezes, RG ; Mentis, A-FA ; Meretoja, TJ ; Mersha, AG ; Mesregah, MK ; Mestrovic, T ; Jonasson, JM ; Miazgowski, B ; Michalek, IM ; Miller, TR ; Mingude, AB ; Mirmoeeni, S ; Mirzaei, H ; Misra, S ; Mithra, P ; Mohammad, KA ; Mohammadi, M ; Mohammadi, SM ; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A ; Mohammadpourhodki, R ; Mohammed, A ; Mohammed, S ; Mohammed, TA ; Moka, N ; Mokdad, AH ; Molokhia, M ; Momtazmanesh, S ; Monasta, L ; Moni, MA ; Moradi, G ; Moradi, Y ; Moradzadeh, M ; Moradzadeh, R ; Moraga, P ; Morrison, SD ; Mostafavi, E ; Khaneghah, AM ; Mpundu-Kaambwa, C ; Mubarik, S ; Mwanri, L ; Nabhan, AF ; Nagaraju, SP ; Nagata, C ; Naghavi, M ; Naimzada, MD ; Naldi, L ; Nangia, V ; Naqvi, AA ; Swamy, SN ; Narayana, AI ; Nayak, BP ; Nayak, VC ; Nazari, J ; Nduaguba, SO ; Negoi, I ; Negru, SM ; Nejadghaderi, SA ; Nepal, S ; Kandel, SN ; Nggada, HA ; Nguyen, CT ; Nnaji, CA ; Nosrati, H ; Nouraei, H ; Nowroozi, A ; Nunez-Samudio, V ; Nwatah, VE ; Nzoputam, CI ; Oancea, B ; Odukoya, OO ; Oguntade, AS ; Oh, I-H ; Olagunju, AT ; Olagunju, TO ; Olakunde, BO ; Oluwasanu, MM ; Omar, E ; Bali, AO ; Ong, S ; Onwujekwe, OE ; Ortega-Altamirano, D ; Otstavnov, N ; Otstavnov, SS ; Oumer, B ; Owolabi, MO ; Mahesh, PA ; Padron-Monedero, A ; Padubidri, JR ; Pakshir, K ; Pana, A ; Pandey, A ; Pardhan, S ; Kan, FP ; Pasovic, M ; Patel, JR ; Pati, S ; Pattanshetty, SM ; Paudel, U ; Pereira, RB ; Peres, MFP ; Perianayagam, A ; Postma, MJ ; Pourjafar, H ; Pourshams, A ; Prashant, A ; Pulakunta, T ; Qadir, MMFF ; Rabiee, M ; Rabiee, N ; Radfar, A ; Radhakrishnan, RA ; Rafiee, A ; Rafiei, A ; Rafiei, S ; Rahim, F ; Rahimzadeh, S ; Rahman, M ; Rahman, MA ; Rahmani, AM ; Rajesh, A ; Ramezani-Doroh, V ; Ranabhat, K ; Ranasinghe, P ; Rao, CR ; Rao, SJ ; Rashedi, S ; Rashidi, M-M ; Rath, GK ; Rawaf, DL ; Rawaf, S ; Rawal, L ; Rawassizadeh, R ; Razeghinia, MS ; Regasa, MT ; Renzaho, AMN ; Rezaei, M ; Rezaei, N ; Rezaeian, M ; Rezapour, A ; Rezazadeh-Khadem, S ; Riad, A ; Lopez, LER ; Rodriguez, JAB ; Ronfani, L ; Roshandel, G ; Rwegerera, GM ; Saber-Ayad, MM ; Sabour, S ; Saddik, B ; Sadeghi, E ; Sadeghian, S ; Saeed, U ; Sahebkar, A ; Saif-Ur-Rahman, KM ; Sajadi, SM ; Salahi, S ; Salehi, S ; Salem, MR ; Salimzadeh, H ; Samy, AM ; Sanabria, J ; Sanmarchi, F ; Sarveazad, A ; Sathian, B ; Sawhney, M ; Sawyer, SM ; Saylan, M ; Schneider, IJC ; Seidu, A-A ; Sekerija, M ; Sendo, EG ; Sepanlou, SG ; Seylani, A ; Seyoum, K ; Sha, F ; Shafaat, O ; Shaikh, MA ; Shamsoddin, E ; Shannawaz, M ; Sharma, R ; Sheikhbahaei, S ; Shetty, A ; Shetty, BSK ; Shetty, PH ; Shin, JI ; Shirkoohi, R ; Shivakumar, KM ; Shobeiri, P ; Siabani, S ; Sibhat, MM ; Malleshappa, SKS ; Sidemo, NB ; Silva, DAS ; Julian, GS ; Singh, AD ; Singh, JA ; Singh, JK ; Singh, S ; Sinke, AH ; Sintayehu, Y ; Skryabin, VY ; Skryabina, AA ; Smith, L ; Sofi-Mahmudi, A ; Soltani-Zangbar, MS ; Song, S ; Spurlock, EE ; Steiropoulos, P ; Straif, K ; Subedi, R ; Sufiyan, MB ; Abdulkader, RS ; Sultana, S ; Szerencses, V ; Szocska, M ; Tabaeian, SP ; Tabaras-Seisdedos, R ; Tabary, M ; Tabuchi, T ; Tadbiri, H ; Taheri, M ; Taherkhani, A ; Takahashi, K ; Tampa, M ; Tan, K-K ; Tat, VY ; Tavakoli, A ; Tbakhi, A ; Tehrani-Banihashemi, A ; Temsah, M-H ; Tesfay, FH ; Tesfaye, B ; Thakur, JS ; Thapar, R ; Thavamani, A ; Thiyagarajan, A ; Thomas, N ; Tobe-Gai, R ; Togtmol, M ; Tohidast, SA ; Tohidinik, HR ; Tolani, MA ; Tollosa, DN ; Touvier, M ; Tovani-Palone, MR ; Traini, E ; Bach, XT ; Mai, TNT ; Tripathy, JP ; Tusa, BS ; Ukke, GG ; Ullah, I ; Ullah, S ; Umapathi, KK ; Unnikrishnan, B ; Upadhyay, E ; Ushula, TW ; Vacante, M ; Tahbaz, SV ; Varthya, SB ; Veroux, M ; Villeneuve, PJ ; Violante, FS ; Vlassov, V ; Giang, TV ; Waheed, Y ; Wang, N ; Ward, P ; Weldesenbet, AB ; Wen, YF ; Westerman, R ; Winkler, AS ; Wubishet, BL ; Xu, S ; Jabbari, SHY ; Yang, L ; Yaya, S ; Yazdi-Feyzabadi, V ; Yazie, TS ; Yehualashet, SS ; Yeshaneh, A ; Yeshaw, Y ; Yirdaw, BW ; Yonemoto, N ; Younis, MZ ; Yousefi, Z ; Yu, C ; Yunusa, I ; Zadnik, V ; Zahir, M ; Moghadam, TZ ; Zamani, M ; Zamanian, M ; Zandian, H ; Zare, F ; Zastrozhin, MS ; Zastrozhina, A ; Zhang, J ; Zhang, Z-J ; Ziapour, A ; Zoladl, M ; Murray, CJL ; Fitzmaurice, C ; Bleyer, A ; Bhakta, N ; Gebremeskel, TG (ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 2022-01)
    BACKGROUND: In estimating the global burden of cancer, adolescents and young adults with cancer are often overlooked, despite being a distinct subgroup with unique epidemiology, clinical care needs, and societal impact. Comprehensive estimates of the global cancer burden in adolescents and young adults (aged 15-39 years) are lacking. To address this gap, we analysed results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019, with a focus on the outcome of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), to inform global cancer control measures in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: Using the GBD 2019 methodology, international mortality data were collected from vital registration systems, verbal autopsies, and population-based cancer registry inputs modelled with mortality-to-incidence ratios (MIRs). Incidence was computed with mortality estimates and corresponding MIRs. Prevalence estimates were calculated using modelled survival and multiplied by disability weights to obtain years lived with disability (YLDs). Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated as age-specific cancer deaths multiplied by the standard life expectancy at the age of death. The main outcome was DALYs (the sum of YLLs and YLDs). Estimates were presented globally and by Socio-demographic Index (SDI) quintiles (countries ranked and divided into five equal SDI groups), and all estimates were presented with corresponding 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). For this analysis, we used the age range of 15-39 years to define adolescents and young adults. FINDINGS: There were 1·19 million (95% UI 1·11-1·28) incident cancer cases and 396 000 (370 000-425 000) deaths due to cancer among people aged 15-39 years worldwide in 2019. The highest age-standardised incidence rates occurred in high SDI (59·6 [54·5-65·7] per 100 000 person-years) and high-middle SDI countries (53·2 [48·8-57·9] per 100 000 person-years), while the highest age-standardised mortality rates were in low-middle SDI (14·2 [12·9-15·6] per 100 000 person-years) and middle SDI (13·6 [12·6-14·8] per 100 000 person-years) countries. In 2019, adolescent and young adult cancers contributed 23·5 million (21·9-25·2) DALYs to the global burden of disease, of which 2·7% (1·9-3·6) came from YLDs and 97·3% (96·4-98·1) from YLLs. Cancer was the fourth leading cause of death and tenth leading cause of DALYs in adolescents and young adults globally. INTERPRETATION: Adolescent and young adult cancers contributed substantially to the overall adolescent and young adult disease burden globally in 2019. These results provide new insights into the distribution and magnitude of the adolescent and young adult cancer burden around the world. With notable differences observed across SDI settings, these estimates can inform global and country-level cancer control efforts. FUNDING: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities, St Baldrick's Foundation, and the National Cancer Institute.
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    LC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS characterization of phenolic compounds in Australian native passion fruits and their potential antioxidant activities
    Liu, H ; Agar, OT ; Imran, A ; Barrow, CJ ; Dunshea, FR ; Suleria, HAR (WILEY, 2024-04)
    Passion fruits, renowned globally for their polyphenolic content and associated health benefits, have enjoyed growing attention from consumers and producers alike. While global cultivar development progresses, Australia has pioneered several native cultivars tailored for its distinct planting conditions. Despite their cultivation, comprehensive studies on the phenolic profiles and antioxidant capacities of these Australian-native passion fruits are notably lacking. This study aims to investigate and compare the polyphenolic content present in the by-products, which are peel (L), and consumable portions, which are the pulp and seeds (P), of four indigenous cultivars: 'Misty Gem' (MG), 'Flamengo' (FG), 'Sweetheart' (SW), and 'Panama' (SH). Employing LC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS for profiling, a comprehensive list of polyphenols was curated. Additionally, various antioxidant assays-DPPH, FRAP, ABTS, RPA, FICA, and •OH-RSA-were performed to evaluate their antioxidant potential. A total of 61 polyphenols were identified, categorized into phenolic acid (19), flavonoids (33), and other phenolic substances (9). In the antioxidant assays, the SHP sample exhibited the highest •OH--RSA activity at 98.64 ± 1.45 mg AAE/g, while the FGL sample demonstrated prominent DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS activities with values of 32.47 ± 1.92 mg TE/g, 62.50 ± 3.70 mg TE/g, and 57.84 ± 1.22 mg AAE/g, respectively. Additionally, TPC and several antioxidant assays had a significant positive correlation, including DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS. The Australian-native passion fruits revealed distinct polyphenolic profiles and diverse antioxidant capacities, establishing a foundation for deeper health benefit analyses. This study accentuates the significance of understanding region-specific cultivars and their potential nutraceutical applications.
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    Phytochemicals in finger lime and their potential health benefits: A review
    Qi, Y ; Liu, H ; Agar, OT ; Imran, A ; de Souza, TSP ; Barrow, C ; Dunshea, F ; Suleria, HAR (TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 2023-01-01)
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    LC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS Characterization of Phenolic Compounds in Common Commercial Mushrooms and Their Potential Antioxidant Activities
    Chu, M ; Khan, RD ; Zhou, Y ; Agar, OT ; Barrow, CJ ; Dunshea, FR ; Suleria, HAR (MDPI, 2023-06)
    Mushrooms have a long history of use as food and medicine. They are rich in various nutrients and bioactive compounds, particularly phenolic compounds. In this study, ten mushroom species were selected, and solvent extraction using 80% ethanol was used to extract phenolic compounds. Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and total condensed tannin content (TCT) were measured to evaluate phenolic content in different mushroom varieties. In the mushroom varieties tested, brown portobello mushroom had the highest TPC (396.78 ± 3.12 µg GAE/g), white cup mushroom exhibited the highest TFC (275.17 ± 9.40 μg CE/g), and shiitake mushroom presented the highest TCT (13.80 ± 0.21 µg QE/g). Antioxidant capacity was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2′-azino-bis-3ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) assays. The highest DPPH free radical scavenging ability was found in white cup mushroom (730.14 ± 55.06 µg AAE/g), while the greatest iron-reducing ability (FRAP) was recorded for shiitake mushroom (165.32 ± 10.21 μg AAE/g). Additionally, Swiss brown mushroom showed the highest ABTS antioxidant capacity (321.31 ± 5.7 μg AAE/g), and the maximum TAC value was found in shiitake mushroom (24.52 ± 1.2 μg AAE/g). These results highlight that most of the mushroom varieties studied showed high phenolic contents and demonstrated strong antioxidant activity, with shiitake mushrooms standing out due to their high TCT and FRAP values, and the highest TAC value among the varieties studied. In addition, LC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS was used to characterize the mushroom samples, and tentatively identified a total of 22 phenolic compounds, including 11 flavonoids, 4 lignans, 3 phenolic acids, 2 stilbenes and 2 other phenolic compounds in all mushroom samples. The research results of this study showed that mushrooms are a good source of phenolic compounds with strong antioxidant potential. The results can provide a scientific basis for the development of mushroom extracts in functional food, health products, and other industries.
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    LC-ESI-QTOF-MS2 Characterization of Phenolic Compounds in Different Lentil (Lens culinaris M.) Samples and Their Antioxidant Capacity
    Xia, M ; Li, M ; de Souza, TSP ; Barrow, C ; Dunshea, FR ; Suleria, HAR (IMR PRESS, 2023-03)
    BACKGROUND: Lentil (Lens culinaris M.) is a legume widely consumed worldwide. It is rich in bioactive compounds, including polyphenolic compounds that contribute to positive health benefits. METHODS: This study aimed to determine the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of black, red, green, and brown whole lentils. Towards this end, the lentils' phenolic compounds were evaluated regarding their total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), total tannin content (TTC), total condensed tannin (TCT), total proanthocyanin content (TPAC), total anthocyanin content (TAC). For the antioxidant activity 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2'-azinobis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), hydroxyl radical scavenging activity (•OH-RSA), ferrous ion chelating activity (FICA), reducing power assay (RPA) and phosphomolybdate (PMA) assay were accessed. To identify individual phenolic compounds, liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-QTOF-MS2) was used. RESULTS: The results showed that green lentils exhibited the highest TPC (0.96 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g) whereas red lentils presented the highest TFC (0.06 mg quercetin equivalents (QE)/g). Black lentils were noted with the highest TCT (0.03 mg catechin equivalents (CE)/g), TPAC (0.009 mg cyanidin chloride equivalents (CCE)/g), and TAC (3.32 mg/100 g) contents. While the greatest TTC (2.05 mg tannic acid equivalents (TAE)/g) was observed in the brown lentil. Regarding the total antioxidant capacity, red lentils (4.01 mg ascorbic acid equivalents (AAE)/g) presented the greatest activity, whereas the lowest was found in the brown samples (2.31 mg AAE/g). The LC-ESI-QTOF-MS2 tentatively identified a total of 22 phenolic compounds, containing 6 phenolic acids, 13 flavonoids, 2 lignans, and 1 other polyphenol. The relationships among phenolic compounds by Venn Diagram showed a high number of overlapping compounds in brown and red lentils (6.7%), and a low number of overlapping compounds between the green, brown, and black lentils (2.6%). Flavonoids were the most abundant phenolic compound within the studied whole lentils, with the brown lentils being the richest in phenolic compounds, especially flavonoids. CONCLUSIONS: This study emphasized a comprehensive understanding of the antioxidant potential of lentils and disclosed the phenolic distribution across various lentil samples. This may increase interest in the development of functional food products, nutraceutical ingredients, and pharmaceutical applications with lentils.
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    The Quest for Phenolic Compounds from Seaweed: Nutrition, Biological Activities and Applications
    Subbiah, V ; Xie, C ; Dunshea, FR ; Barrow, CJ ; Suleria, HAR (TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 2023-09-08)
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    Phytochemical and Nutritional Profiling of Tomatoes; Impact of Processing on Bioavailability-A Comprehensive Review
    Wang, C ; Li, M ; Duan, X ; Abu-Izneid, T ; Rauf, A ; Khan, Z ; Mitra, S ; Bin Emran, T ; Aljohani, ASM ; Alhumaydhi, FA ; Thiruvengadam, M ; Suleria, HAR (TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 2023-09-08)
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    Comparison of phenolic composition in date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) flesh and seeds extracted by an ultrasonic-assisted and conventional method
    Shi, L ; Li, W ; Rahman, MS ; Al-Habsi, N ; Ashokkumar, M ; Dunshea, FR ; Suleria, HAR (TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 2023-12-15)
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    Extraction and Characterization of Bioactive Compounds from Diverse Marine Microalgae and Their Potential Antioxidant Activities
    Zhou, L ; Duan, X ; Li, K ; Hill, DRA ; Martin, GJO ; Suleria, HAR (Wiley, 2023-11)
    This study compared free and bound phenolic compounds in various marine microalgae species. It assessed total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and total condensed tannin content (TCT) and their antioxidant capacities using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, 2,2’-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS⋅+) radical cation-based assay and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power assay. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC–MS) was also employed to characterize the phenolic profiling. Results showed that free phenolic compounds ranged from 1.83–6.45 mg GAE/g d. w., while bound phenolic compounds ranged from 4.03–26.03 mg GAE/g d. w., indicating significant differences. These variations were consistent across assays, highlining unique profiles in different species. A total 10 phenolics were found in these seven microalgae, including 1 phenolic acid, 6 flavonoids, 1 other polyphenol and 2 lignans. 4′-O-methyl-(−)-epigallocatechin 7-O-glucuronide and chrysoeriol 7-O-glucoside in microalgae were firstly reported in microalgal samples. These findings have implications for future applications in industries.
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    Effects of Different Processing Methods on Pulses Phytochemicals: An Overview
    Zhou, J ; Li, M ; Bai, Q ; de Souza, TSP ; Barrow, C ; Dunshea, F ; Suleria, HAR (TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 2024-05-18)