School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences - Research Publications

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    Riparian tree water use by eucalyptus coolabah in the Lake Eyre Basin
    Payne, EGI ; Costelloe, JF ; Woodrow, IE ; Irvine, EC ; Western, AW ; Herczeg, AL (Conference Organising Committee, 2006)
    The Lake Eyre Basin (LEB) is characterised by enormous stream flow variability, low rainfall, saline groundwater and at times saline surface water; conditions that demand flexible tree water use strategies in the riparian zone. In the lower reaches of the Diamantina River, the water sources and extraction patterns of Eucalyptus coolabah were examined using isotope data from xylem, soil water, groundwater and surface water. Additionally, soil chloride and matric potential data were used to infer zones of water availability for root uptake. It was found that despite their elevated salinity, groundwater and soil water formed a large proportion of the transpiration flux, with little contribution from standing pools of surface water. At two sites located on the dry floodplain, the data indicated E. coolabah relied substantially on groundwater with a salinity exceeding 30,000 mgL-1Cl. However, some dilution with fresher soil water was evident at most sites, highlighting the importance of flooding in replenishing soil water. Water extraction primarily occurred in the unsaturated zone where a compromise between salinity and source reliability was required. However, E. coolabah was found to have higher salinity tolerances than previously reported for Eucalyptus species.
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    Alf Leslie: the skeptical forest economist
    Leslie, Alfred John (Ian Ferguson, 2006)
    This book reflects a critical review and synthesis of economic and related literature pertaining to forestry and forest management by a long-time forester, teacher of forest economics, UN administrator, and forest policy advisor and consultant to many governments, agencies and companies. To quote the author 'After playing around in the field of forest economics for the best part of sixty years, I wanted to sort out my ideas on the subject'.
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    Extraordinary drought of 2003 overrules ozone impact on adult beech trees (Fagus sylvatica)
    Werner, H. ; Wipfler, P. ; Pretzsch, H. ; Tausz, M. ; Matyssek, R. ; Löw, M. ; Herbinger, K. ; Nunn, A. J. ; Häberle, K.-H. ; Leuchner, M. ; Heerdt, C. (Springer, 2006)
    The extraordinary drought during the summer of 2003 in Central Europe allowed to examine responses of adult beech trees (Fagus sylvatica) to co-occurring stress by soil moisture deficit and elevated O3 levels under forest conditions in southern Germany. The study comprised tree exposure to the ambient O3 regime at the site and to a twice-ambient O3 regime as released into the canopy through a free-air O3 fumigation system. Annual courses of photosynthesis (Amax), stomatal conductance (gs), electron transport rate (ETR) and chlorophyll levels were compared between 2003 and 2004, the latter year representing the humid long-term climate at the site. ETR, Amax and gs were lowered during 2003 by drought rather than ozone, whereas chlorophyll levels did not differ between the years. Radial stem increment was reduced in 2003 by drought but fully recovered during the subsequent, humid year. Comparison of AOT40, an O3 exposure-based risk index of O3 stress, and cumulative ozone uptake (COU) yielded a linear relationship throughout humid growth conditions, but a changing slope during 2003. Our findings support the hypothesis that drought protects plants from O3 injury by stomatal closure, which restricts O3 influx into leaves and decouples COU from high external ozone levels. High AOT40 erroneously suggested high O3 risk under drought. Enhanced ozone levels did not aggravate drought effects in leaves and stem.
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    Quantifying uncertainty from large-scale model predictions of forest carbon dynamics
    MIEHLE, PETER ; LIVESLEY, STEPHEN ; LI, CHANGSHENG ; FEIKEMA, PAUL ; ADAMS, MARK ; ARNDT, STEFAN ( 2006)
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