Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences - Research Publications

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    The Roles of Dehumanization and Moral Outrage in Retributive Justice
    Bastian, B ; Denson, TF ; Haslam, N ; Krueger, F (PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 2013-04-23)
    When innocents are intentionally harmed, people are motivated to see that offenders get their "just deserts". The severity of the punishment they seek is driven by the perceived magnitude of the harm and moral outrage. The present research extended this model of retributive justice by incorporating the role of offender dehumanization. In three experiments relying on survey methodology in Australia and the United States, participants read about different crimes that varied by type (child molestation, violent, or white collar - Studies 1 and 2) or severity (Study 3). The findings demonstrated that both moral outrage and dehumanization predicted punishment independently of the effects of crime type or crime severity. Both moral outrage and dehumanization mediated the relationship between perceived harm and severity of punishment. These findings highlight the role of offender dehumanization in punishment decisions and extend our understanding of processes implicated in retributive justice.
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    People and Companion Animals: It Takes Two to Tango
    Amiot, C ; Bastian, B ; Martens, P (OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2016-07)
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    Morality and Humanness
    Haslam, N ; Bastian, B ; Loughnan, S ; Levine, JM ; Hogg, MA (Sage, 2010)
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    Immigration, Multiculturalism and the Changing Face of Australia
    Bastian, B ; Bretherton, D ; Balvin, N (SPRINGER, 2012)
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    A Perspective on Dehumanization
    Haslam, N ; Bain, P ; Bastian, B ; Loughnan, S ; Drogosz, M ; Bilewicz, M (PWN, 2012)
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    A relational perspective on dehumanization
    BASTIAN, B ; Jetten, J ; Haslam, N ; Bain, P ; Vaes, J ; Leyens, JP (Psychology Press, 2012)
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    Essentialist beliefs about personality and their implications
    Haslam, N ; Bastian, B ; Bissett, M (SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC, 2004-12)
    Two studies examine implicit theories about the nature of personality characteristics, asking whether they are understood as underlying essences. Consistent with the hypothesis, essentialist beliefs about personality formed a coherent and replicable set. Personality characteristics differed systematically in the extent to which they were judged to be discrete, biologically based, immutable, informative, consistent across situations, and deeply inherent within the person. In Study 1, the extent to which characteristics were essentialized was positively associated with their perceived desirability, prevalence, and emotionality. In Study 2, essentialized characteristics were judged to be particularly important for defining people's identity, for forming impressions of people, and for communicating about a third person. The findings indicate that people understand some personality attributes in an essentialist fashion, that these attributes are taken to be valued elements of a shared human nature, and that they are particularly central to social identity and judgment.
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    More human than you: Attributing humanness to self and others
    Haslam, N ; Bain, P ; Douge, L ; Lee, M ; Bastian, B (AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC, 2005-12)
    People typically evaluate their in-groups more favorably than out-groups and themselves more favorably than others. Research on infrahumanization also suggests a preferential attribution of the "human essence" to in-groups, independent of in-group favoritism. The authors propose a corresponding phenomenon in interpersonal comparisons: People attribute greater humanness to themselves than to others, independent of self-enhancement. Study 1 and a pilot study demonstrated 2 distinct understandings of humanness--traits representing human nature and those that are uniquely human--and showed that only the former traits are understood as inhering essences. In Study 2, participants rated themselves higher than their peers on human nature traits but not on uniquely human traits, independent of self-enhancement. Study 3 replicated this "self-humanization" effect and indicated that it is partially mediated by attribution of greater depth to self versus others. Study 4 replicated the effect experimentally. Thus, people perceive themselves to be more essentially human than others.