Radiology - Research Publications
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ItemCorrelation of positron emission tomography ventilation-perfusion matching with CT densitometry in severe emphysemaBonney, A ; Wagner, C-A ; Siva, S ; Callahan, J ; Le Roux, P-Y ; Pascoe, DM ; Irving, L ; Hofman, MS ; Steinfort, DP (SPRINGER, 2020-07-28)BACKGROUND: Emphysema severity is frequently measured on CT via densitometry. Correlation with scintigraphic and spirometric functional measures of ventilation or perfusion varies widely, and no prior study has evaluated correlation between densitometry and lobar ventilation/perfusion in patients with severe emphysema. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility and findings of gallium-68 (68Ga) ventilation/perfusion positron emission tomography-CT (68Ga-VQ/PET-CT) in severe emphysema assessment. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive patients undergoing evaluation for bronchoscopic lung volume reduction between March 2015 and March 2018 underwent 68Ga-VQ/PET-CT assessment for lobar functional lung mapping, in addition to CT densitometry. Correlations between CT densitometry and 68Ga-VQ/PET-CT parameters for individual lobar lung function were sought. RESULTS: CT densitometry assessment of emphysema correlated only weakly (R2 = 0.13) with lobar perfusion and was not correlated with ventilation (R2 = 0.04). Densitometry was moderately (R2 = 0.67) correlated with V/Q units in upper lobes, though poorly reflected physiological function in lower lobes (R2 = 0.19). Emphysema severity, as measured by CT densitometry, was moderately correlated with proportion of normal V/Q units and matched V/Q defects in individual lobes. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of lobar pulmonary function by 68Ga-VQ/PET-CT provides physiologic information not evident on CT densitometry such as ventilation and perfusion specifics and matched defects. Further research is needed to see if the discordant findings on 68Ga-VQ/PET-CT provide prognostic information or can be used to modify patient management and improve outcomes.
ItemTROG 15.03 phase II clinical trial of Focal Ablative STereotactic Radiosurgery for Cancers of the Kidney - FASTRACK IISiva, S ; Chesson, B ; Bressel, M ; Pryor, D ; Higgs, B ; Reynolds, HM ; Hardcastle, N ; Montgomery, R ; Vanneste, B ; Khoo, V ; Ruben, J ; Lau, E ; Hofman, MS ; Lourenco, RDA ; Sridharan, S ; Brook, NR ; Martin, J ; Lawrentschuk, N ; Kron, T ; Foroudi, F (BMC, 2018-10-23)BACKGROUND: Stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) is a non-invasive alternative to surgery to control primary renal cell cancer (RCC) in patients that are medically inoperable or at high-risk of post-surgical dialysis. The objective of the FASTRACK II clinical trial is to investigate the efficacy of SABR for primary RCC. METHODS: FASTRACK II is a single arm, multi-institutional phase II study. Seventy patients will be recruited over 3 years and followed for a total of 5 years. Eligible patients must have a biopsy confirmed diagnosis of primary RCC with a single lesion within a kidney, have ECOG performance ≤2 and be medically inoperable, high risk or decline surgery. Radiotherapy treatment planning is undertaken using four dimensional CT scanning to incorporate the impact of respiratory motion. Treatment must be delivered using a conformal or intensity modulated technique including IMRT, VMAT, Cyberknife or Tomotherapy. The trial includes two alternate fractionation schedules based on tumour size: for tumours ≤4 cm in maximum diameter a single fraction of 26Gy is delivered; and for tumours > 4 cm in maximum diameter 42Gy in three fractions is delivered. The primary outcome of the study is to estimate the efficacy of SABR for primary RCC. Secondary objectives include estimating tolerability, characterising overall survival and cancer specific survival, estimating the distant failure rate, describing toxicity and renal function changes after SABR, and assessment of cost-effectiveness of SABR compared with current therapies. DISCUSSION: The present study design allows for multicentre prospective validation of the efficacy of SABR for primary RCC that has been observed from prior single institutional and retrospective series. The study also allows assessment of treatment related toxicity, overall survival, cancer specific survival, freedom from distant failure and renal function post therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02613819 , registered Nov 25th 2015.
ItemHigh FDG activity in focal fat necrosis: a pitfall in interpretation of posttreatment PET/CT in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphomaKashyap, R ; Lau, E ; George, A ; Seymour, JF ; Lade, S ; Hicks, RJ ; Hofman, MS (SPRINGER, 2013-09-01)PURPOSE: PET/CT has a major role in lymphoma imaging, but glycolytic activity in inflammatory processes can reduce specificity. In this study we evaluated restaging PET/CT findings in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and fat necrosis. METHODS: We identified 16 patients from 8,819 restaging FDG PET/CT scans with suspicion of or biopsy-proven fat necrosis on PET/CT. RESULTS: All patients had NHL and demonstrated focal FDG-avid nodular change on CT with density higher than that of fat but lower than that of soft tissue. Histological confirmation was obtained in eight patients, with high GLUT-1 staining between necrotic tissue and organizing fat necrosis evident. Uptake resolved in four patients, and surveillance was continuing in four without relapse. CONCLUSION: Although rare, identification of fat necrosis in patients with a solitary FDG-avid nodule after therapy is important and may lead to the avoidance of unnecessary interventions or treatment. Specific features on CT aid identification, whilst follow-up imaging can be helpful as the metabolic abnormality regresses with time.
ItemHigh management impact of Ga-68 DOTATATE (GaTate) PET/CT for imaging neuroendocrine and other somatostatin expressing tumoursHofman, MS ; Kong, G ; Neels, OC ; Eu, P ; Hong, E ; Hicks, RJ (WILEY, 2012-02-01)INTRODUCTION: Ga-68 DOTATATE (Ga-octreotate, GaTate) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT has multiple advantages compared with conventional and In-111 octreotide imaging for neuroendocrine tumours and other somatostatin-receptor expressing tumours. This study assesses the management impact of incremental diagnostic information obtained from this technique compared with conventional staging. METHODS: Fifty-nine GaTate PET/CT studies were performed over an 18-month period (52 proven or suspected gastro-entero-pancreatic or bronchial neuroendocrine tumours and seven neural crest/mesenchymal tumours). A retrospective blinded review was performed on the number of abnormalities (1, 2-5 or >5) within defined regions with comparison to conventional imaging to assess incremental diagnostic information. Subsequent management impact (high, moderate or low) was determined by clinical review and follow up to assess pre-PET stage, treatment intent and post-PET management change. RESULTS: Eighty-eight percent of GaTate studies were abnormal. Compared with conventional and In-111 octreotide imaging, additional information was provided by GaTate PET/CT in 68 and 83% of patients, respectively. Management impact was high (inter-modality change) in 47%, moderate (intra-modality change) in 10% and low in 41% (not assessable in 2%). High management impact included directing patients to curative surgery by identifying a primary site and directing patients with multiple metastases to systemic therapy. CONCLUSION: GaTate PET/CT imaging provides additional diagnostic information in a high proportion of patients with consequent high management impact. GaTate PET/CT could replace (1)In-111 octreotide scintigraphy at centres where it is available given its superior accuracy, faster acquisition and lower radiation exposure. Rapid implementation could be achieved by allowing substitutional funding in the Medicare Benefit Schedule.
ItemSpecial delivery: getting radiation to the target in diffuse large B-cell lymphomaWirth, A ; Hofman, MS (TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2012-05-01)