Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology - Research Publications

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    Treatment of patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma: predictors of outcome from an Australian specialist sarcoma centre
    Snow, HA ; Hitchen, TX ; Head, J ; Herschtal, A ; Bae, S ; Chander, S ; Chu, J ; Hendry, S ; Ngan, SY ; Desai, J ; Choong, PFM ; Henderson, M ; Gyorki, DE (WILEY, 2018-11-01)
    BACKGROUND: Several unanswered questions surround the management of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS). Guidelines recommend treatment by a multidisciplinary team at a specialized referral centre. The objective of this study was to describe the management of RPS at an Australian specialist sarcoma centre, comparing outcomes to international standards and analysing for predictors of local failure. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was performed on patients with RPS treated between 2008 and 2016. A 5-year outcome analyses focussed on patients undergoing curative-intent surgery for primary, non-metastatic RPS. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients underwent surgery for primary RPS. Five-year overall survival was 66%, 5-year freedom from local recurrence was 65% and 5-year freedom from distant metastasis was 71%. Overall survival was associated with tumour grade (hazard ratio (HR) 6.1, P < 0.001) and histologic organ invasion (HR 5.7, P < 0.001). Variables associated with improved freedom from local recurrence were macroscopically complete resection (HR 0.14, P < 0.001) and neoadjuvant radiotherapy (HR 0.33, P = 0.014). Treatment at a specialist sarcoma centre was associated with a higher rate of preoperative biopsy and neoadjuvant radiotherapy (both with P < 0.001). There was a trend towards improved local control for patients undergoing surgery at a specialist centre (P = 0.055). CONCLUSION: This is the largest Australian series of RPS and outcomes are comparable to major international sarcoma centres. Patients treated at a specialist centre had higher rates of preoperative diagnosis and tailored therapy which was associated with improved outcomes. Patients with suspected RPS should be referred to a specialist centre for optimal preoperative evaluation and multidisciplinary management.
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    Patterns of care of superficial soft tissue sarcomas: it is not always just a lump
    Le Tan, MT ; Thompson, SR ; Schipp, D ; Bae, S ; Crowe, PJ (WILEY, 2018-10-01)
    AIM: Superficial soft tissue sarcomas (S-STS) are generally considered low-risk tumors and have an excellent prognosis when treated with appropriate surgery and adjuvant therapy. However, they are often misdiagnosed then mistreated, leading to significant morbidity. This study aims to examine the patterns of care and outcomes of patients with S-STS, comparing those initially managed through sarcoma units versus elsewhere. METHODS: Patients with S-STS from Prince of Wales Hospital in NSW (1995-2013) and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Victoria (2009-2013) were identified from a national sarcoma database. Baseline variables, treatment and disease outcomes were recorded. Statistical tests performed included univariate and multivariate analyses, chi-square tests, as well as the Kaplan-Meier method for 5-year local recurrence and survival rates. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients were identified, with 35% initially managed at a sarcoma unit and 65% elsewhere. Patients initially managed at sarcoma units had larger tumors (>5 cm 39% vs 17%; P  =  0.036) with a trend to higher grade (61% vs 48%; P = 0.39). Patients that were initially managed outside a sarcoma unit more often underwent open surgical biopsies (P < 0.0005), had multiple operations (P < 0.0005) and had higher rates of local recurrences (24% vs 6.5%, P  =  0.038). They also had lower 5-year local recurrence-free survival rates (P = 0.022), but had higher metastasis-free survival (P = 0.014). On multivariate analysis, only larger STS size and male gender predicted for poorer metastasis-free survival (P = 0.042 and 0.018, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients with S-STS initially managed outside specialized sarcoma units undergo more operations, with risk of greater morbidity, and have greater risk of local recurrence.