Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology - Research Publications

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    p16-positive lymph node metastases from cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: No association with high-risk human papillomavirus or prognosis and implications for the workup of the unknown primary
    McDowell, LJ ; Young, RJ ; Johnston, ML ; Tan, T-J ; Kleid, S ; Liu, CS ; Bressel, M ; Estall, V ; Rischin, D ; Solomon, B ; Corry, J (WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2016-04-15)
    BACKGROUND: The incidence of p16 overexpression and the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (cHNSCC) are unclear. METHODS: One hundred forty-three patients with cHNSCC lymph node metastases involving the parotid gland were evaluated for p16 expression by immunohistochemistry. The detection of 18 high-risk HPV subtypes was performed with HPV RNA in situ hybridization for a subset of 59 patients. The results were correlated with clinicopathological features and outcomes. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 5.3 years. No differences were observed in clinicopathological factors with respect to the p16 status. p16 was positive, weak, and negative in 45 (31%), 21 (15%), and 77 cases (54%), respectively. No high-risk HPV subtypes were identified, regardless of the p16 status. The p16 status was not prognostic for overall (hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85-1.36; P = .528), cancer-specific (hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.77-1.64; P = .542), or progression-free survival (hazard ratio, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.83-1.29; P = .783). Distant metastasis-free survival, freedom from locoregional failure, and freedom from local failure were also not significantly associated with the p16 status. CONCLUSIONS: p16 positivity is common but not prognostic in cHNSCC lymph node metastases. High-risk HPV subtypes are not associated with p16 positivity and do not appear to play a role in this disease. HPV testing, in addition to the p16 status in the unknown primary setting, may provide additional information for determining a putative primary site.
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    Unilateral Radiotherapy Treatment for p16/Human Papillomavirus-Positive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Unknown Primary in the Head and Neck
    Tiong, A ; Rischin, D ; Young, RJ ; Herschtal, A ; Solomon, B ; D'Costa, I ; Fua, T ; Liu, C ; Coleman, A ; Kleid, S ; Dixon, BJ ; Corry, J (WILEY, 2018-09-01)
    OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The outcomes of unilateral radiotherapy treatment for patients with p16/HPV-positive squamous cell carcinomas of unknown primary (SCCUP) affecting cervical lymph nodes are under-reported. Compared to radiating large volumes of the pharyngeal axis (the more common approach), this is potentially a much less toxic treatment for a good prognosis group. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We identified patients with SCCUP who were treated radically at our center and did not have parotid or isolated level IV or V nodal involvement. Failure-free and overall survivals were calculated using Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: From 2004 to 2012, there were 49 radically treated patients with SCCUP. Fourteen patients had bilateral neck treatment (they had bilateral nodal disease or suspected lesions in the base of tongue, though not proven with biopsy), two had surgery alone, whereas 33 had unilateral radiotherapy (after neck dissection, excisional biopsy, or definitively with concurrent chemotherapy). Of the 33 patients, 21 tested positive to p16/HPV and had median follow-up of 57 months. In this group, no isolated contralateral neck failures or putative primaries emerged. There was 1/21 (4.3%) ipsilateral neck failure, 1/21 (4.3%) concurrent contralateral neck and distant failure, and 1/21 (4.3%) patient with distant failure. The 5-year freedom from failure was 78% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 56%-100%) and overall survival was 90% (95% CI: 79%-100%). CONCLUSIONS: With no emergence of putative primaries and no isolated contralateral neck failures, this single-institution experience in p16/HPV-positive SCCUP patients suggests that unilateral radiotherapy may be an underutilized management strategy. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 128:2076-2083, 2018.
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    Frequency of Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 gene amplification in oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas and associations with clinical features and patient outcome
    YOUNG, RICHARD ; LIM, ANNETTE ; ANGEL, CHRISTOPHER ; COLLINS, MARNIE ; DEB, SIDDHARTHA ; CORRY, JUNE ; WIESENFELD, DAVID ; KLEID, STEPHEN ; SIGSTON, ELIZABETH ; SOLOMON, BENJAMIN ; RISCHIN, DANNY ; FOX, STEPHEN ; MCARTHUR, GRANT ; WRIGHT, GAVIN ; RUSSELL, PRUDENCE ; LYONS, BERNARD ( 2013)