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ItemEfficacy of Parkinsong Groups for improving Communication and Wellbeing in Parkinson's DiseaseTamplin, J ; Vogel, A ; Marigliani, C ; Baker, FA ; Davidson, J ; Morris, ME ; Mercadal-Brotons, M ; Clements-Cortes, A (World Federation of Music Therapy, 2017)Communication impairment is one of the most common symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, significantly impacting quality of life (Miller, 2012). Speech characteristics may include a soft, monotone, breathy or hoarse voice quality, imprecise articulation, dysprosody and dysfluency (Skodda et al., 2013). These characteristics, combined with reduced nonverbal communication, cognitive-linguistic impairment and poor self-perception of speech, make communication difficult and lead to self-consciousness, reduced likelihood to participate in conversation, and the avoidance of social interaction that requires speaking. Communication difficulties can compound issues of depression and related social isolation (Miller et al., 2006).
ItemMusical memories: Connecting people with dementia and their caregivers through song.Clark, I ; Tamplin, J ; Lee, J ; Baker, F ; Mercadal-Brotons, M ; Clements-Cortes, A (World Federation of Music Therapy, 2017)Active music participation may offer benefits for people with dementia (PWD) and their family care givers (FCG) living in the community (Baird & Samson, 2015). For the PWD, this capacity to respond to music-making activities, such as singing, may facilitate reminiscence and successful social engagement (Vanstone & Cuddy, 2010). As a consequence, FCG may experience meaningful and satisfying connection with their loved one (Baker, Grocke & Pachana, 2012). Receptive music listening interventions may also assist with the management of challenging symptoms of dementia, such as agitation and anxiety, offering FCG strategies to use in the home.