School of Languages and Linguistics - Research Publications

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    Editorial
    White, R (Wiley, 2021-01-01)
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    On Recent Nationalisms in Translation Studies
    Pym, A (Korean Association for Public Translation and Interpretation, 2021-11-30)
    ABSTRACT: If the intercultural were ever neatly opposed to the national as a frame for translational action and thought, then it would seem to be losing. Nationalist frames have gained new-found energy in various forms: translation is seen a weapon because nation-states support and manipulate it (Sapiro), the ethical aim of translation is to advance one’s national interests and priorities (Ren and Gao), and each country’s “translation capacity” can be quantified and ranked on a league table of competing nations (BFSU). Translators thus become foot-soldiers in battles to gain prestige on the world stage. Such manifestations of nationalism appear to run counter to the causes of intercultural positions and the ethics of cooperative communication between unequal parties. The need for translation nevertheless now lies more urgently in the culturally and linguistically diverse communities within and across national borders, where successful social inclusion is inseparable from the use of translation not as a weapon, but as a means of cooperation. 논문초록: 번역행위 및 사고의 프레임으로서의 상호문화주의가 민족주의와 대척점에 있는 개념이라면, 지금 상호문화주의는 민족주의에 기세가 밀리고 있는 것으로 보일 것이다. 민족주의 프레임은 다양한 형태로 새로운 동력을 얻고 있으며, 번역은 그 무기로 인식된다. 민족국가에서 번역을 지원하고 조작(Sapiro)하고 있고, 국가의 이익과 우선순위를 증진하는 것이 번역의 윤리적 목적(Ren and Gao)이며, 서로 경쟁하는 국가들의 리그 순위표 상에서 각국의 ‘번역능력(translation capacity)’을 계량화·순위화(BFSU)할 수 있기 때문이다. 이에 따라 번역사는 세계 무대에서 명성을 얻기 위한 전투에서 보병 역할을 하게 되었다. 이러한 민족주의의 발현은 상호문화주의적 입장의 대의, 그리고 불평등한 세력 사이의 협력적 소통의 윤리에 배치되는 것으로 보인다. 그럼에도 불구하고, 오늘날 각국의 국경 안팎에 자리한 문화적·언어적으로 다양한 공동체에서 번역의 필요성은 더욱 시급해지고 있다. 이들 공동체에서 사회적 포용의 성공 여부는 번역의 활용과 불가분의 관계를 가지며, 이때 번역은 무기가 아닌 협력의 수단으로 기능한다.
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    IKER GONZÁLEZ-ALLENDE. Hombres en movimiento. Masculinidades españolas en los exilios y emigraciones, 1939-1999. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue UP, 2018. xi + 309 pp.
    Martínez-Expósito, A (University of Ottawa Library, 2021-11-22)
    Reseña de Hombres en movimiento. Masculinidades españolas en los exilios y emigraciones, 1939-1999 de Iker González-Allende.
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    Decolonising Poetics. Paul Carter Talks to Roberta Trapè Interview Conducted by Email in June 2021
    Trapè, R (Edizioni Ca Foscari, 2021-12-20)
    In such influential publications as The Road to Botany Bay. An Essay in Spatial History (2010), The Lie of the Land (1996), Dark Writing: Geography, Performance, design (2008), Meeting Place: the Human Encounter and the Challenge of Coexistence (2013) and Decolonising Governance: Archipelagic Thinking (2018) Paul Carter (born in the UK in 1951) has explored the conceptual underpinnings of colonisation and the preconditions of decolonisation. A postcolonial poetics informs a prolific public art and radiophonic output reported in books like Material Thinking: the Theory and Practice of Creative Research (2004), Ground Truthing: Explorations in a Creative Region (2010), Places Made after Their Stories: Design and the Art of Choreotopography (2015) and Amplifications: Poetic Migration, Auditory Memory (2019). Carter is resident in Melbourne where he is Professor of Design (urbanism) at RMIT University.
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    La escena primordial en “Dolor y gloria” de Pedro Almodóvar
    Martínez-Expósito, A (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego, 2021-12-09)
    Dolor y gloria ejemplifica la ambigua relación de Almodóvar con su propia biografía como materia narrativa. En la escena central de la película (cúspide argumental, estructural y simbólica) se narra la toma de conciencia homosexual del protagonista. Un análisis de esta escena primordial revela la presencia de numerosos elementos mitológicos, tanto en el plano narrativo como en el simbólico.
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    Liminal lieux de mémoire
    McGregor, A (Liverpool University Press, 2021-06-01)
    This article examines the representation of postcolonial memory in Tony Gatlif’s 2004 film Exils / Exiles. The constant movement that occurs in the film through travel, music, and dance reinforces the permanent dislocation of the film’s pied-noir and beurette protagonists. The film’s road-movie narrative represents, on the one hand, a gravitational pull away from the French Republican integrationist ‘centre’ towards an increasingly complex and diverse landscape of cultural identities linked by France’s colonial history, and on the other, a sense of nostalgia for an Algeria that no longer exists and may never have existed. In so doing, Exils represents modern metropolitan France as a dynamic and polycentric postcolonial space whose lieux de mémoire can and should be positioned not only in geographical and cultural territories that lie outside its contemporary national borders, but also in the liminal spaces that characterize the migrant experience. In line with the title of Gatlif’s film, the protagonists find themselves in a state of permanent exile, both from Algeria and from France. The ‘destination’ of the return to cultural origin, Algeria, emerges as a fundamental but nevertheless mirage-like lieu de mémoire that, notwithstanding its cultural and geographical significance, serves primarily to facilitate a deeper understanding by the protagonists of their personal and collective identity that has long been internalized in the unanchored liminal space of the postcolonial migrant journey.
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    Digital curation and access to recordings of traditional cultural performance.
    Thieberger, N ; Harris, A (UNESCO, 2021)
    Being home to over a quarter of the world’s languages, the Pacific is a particularly good place to focus on how language records can be made accessible. The creation and description of research records has not always been a priority for humanities academics and any records that are created have typically not been provided with good archival solutions. This is despite these records often being of cultural or historical relevance beyond academia. Many cultural agencies struggle to keep track of recordings they have made, and it is the same for many researchers. Often it is only when researchers prepare recordings for archiving that they realize how many (or few) are described adequately, or have been transcribed or translated.
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    A low proficiency test of expeditious reading
    Naranjo-Escobar, F ; Chen, F ; Czajkowski, M (Lenguas Modernas, 2021)
    This project sought to develop a test to assess expeditious reading abilities in low proficiency English learners with Spanish L1, which to the date the project was conducted and to authors' best knowledge constituted a research gap. To achieve this aim, the team developed a new construct based on the existing literature and extrapolated from current research to fill the gap. Participants were Chilean high school students enrolled in the public education system. Results showed that low proficiency learners can perform expeditious reading operations in their L2. These results, however, must be taken with care as further research is required to reach conclusive results.
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    The Utopian Future of Food in Louis-Sebastien Mercier's L'An deux mille quatre cent quarante: reve s'il en fut jamais (1771)
    Dutton, J (Liverpool University Press, 2021)
    Louis-Sébastien Mercier’s novel L’An deux mille quatre cent quarante: rêve s’il en fut jamais (1771) was the first futuristic utopia—or “uchronia”—and its treatment of food reveals that alimentary concerns were important markers of both contemporary inequality and future harmony in pre-revolutionary France. This article examines the utopian future of food via three alimentary features of Mercier’s novel: food justice, food security and commensality. By considering these tropes as reflections of perceived flaws in Parisian society, it demonstrates the importance of encouraging imaginary projections of ideal solutions to food crises through such literary experiments. The critiques and ideals related to food presented in L’An 2440 are contextualized through reference to the historical economic and social issues that inspired them. In conclusion, Mercier’s preoccupations in the eighteenth century and his predictions for the twenty-fifth century are considered with regard to their relevance to twenty-first-century food challenges, at a moment that is mid-way between these two points on the author’s alimentary history chronology.