School of Physics - Research Publications
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ItemDirect Assembly of Large Area Nanoparticle ArraysZhang, H ; Cadusch, J ; Kinnear, C ; James, T ; Roberts, A ; Mulvaney, P (AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018-08-01)A major goal of nanotechnology is the assembly of nanoscale building blocks into functional optical, electrical, or chemical devices. Many of these applications depend on an ability to optically or electrically address single nanoparticles. However, positioning large numbers of single nanocrystals with nanometer precision on a substrate for integration into solid-state devices remains a fundamental roadblock. Here, we report fast, scalable assembly of thousands of single nanoparticles using electrophoretic deposition. We demonstrate that gold nanospheres down to 30 nm in size and gold nanorods <100 nm in length can be assembled into predefined patterns on transparent conductive substrates within a few seconds. We find that rod orientation can be preserved during deposition. As proof of high fidelity scale-up, we have created centimeter scale patterns comprising more than 1 million gold nanorods.
ItemDirected Chemical Assembly of Single and Clustered Nanoparticles with Silanized TemplatesKinnear, C ; Cadusch, J ; Zhang, H ; Lu, J ; James, TD ; Roberts, A ; Mulvaney, P (AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018-06-26)The assembly of nanoscale materials into arbitrary, organized structures remains a major challenge in nanotechnology. Herein, we report a general method for creating 2D structures by combining top-down lithography with bottom-up chemical assembly. Under optimal conditions, the assembly of gold nanoparticles was achieved in less than 30 min. Single gold nanoparticles, from 10 to 100 nm, can be placed in predetermined patterns with high fidelity, and higher-order structures can be generated consisting of dimers or trimers. It is shown that the nanoparticle arrays can be transferred to, and embedded within, polymer films. This provides a new method for the large-scale fabrication of nanoparticle arrays onto diverse substrates using wet chemistry.
ItemDirect Assembly of Large Area Nanoparticle ArraysMulvaney, P ; ZHANG, H ; KINNEAR, C ; Cadusch, J ; JAMES, T ; ROBERTS, ANN ( 2018-07-13)We describe the fabrication of large area arrays of single nanoparticles using electrophoretic deposition.
ItemNo Preview AvailableHot Carrier Extraction with Plasmonic Broadband AbsorbersNg, C ; Cadusch, JJ ; Dligatch, S ; Roberts, A ; Davis, TJ ; Mulvaney, P ; Gomez, DE (American Chemical Society, 2016-04-01)Hot charge carrier extraction from metallic nanostructures is a very promising approach for applications in photocatalysis, photovoltaics, and photodetection. One limitation is that many metallic nanostructures support a single plasmon resonance thus restricting the light-to-charge-carrier activity to a spectral band. Here we demonstrate that a monolayer of plasmonic nanoparticles can be assembled on a multistack layered configuration to achieve broadband, near-unit light absorption, which is spatially localized on the nanoparticle layer. We show that this enhanced light absorbance leads to ∼40-fold increases in the photon-to-electron conversion efficiency by the plasmonic nanostructures. We developed a model that successfully captures the essential physics of the plasmonic hot electron charge generation and separation in these structures. This model also allowed us to establish that efficient hot carrier extraction is limited to spectral regions where (i) the photons have energies higher than the Schottky junctions and (ii) the absorption of light is localized on the metal nanoparticles.
ItemFilling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filtersRajasekharan, R ; Balaur, E ; Minovich, A ; Collins, S ; James, TD ; Djalalian-Assl, A ; Ganesan, K ; Tomljenovic-Hanic, S ; Kandasamy, S ; Skafidas, E ; Neshev, DN ; Mulvaney, P ; Roberts, A ; Prawer, S (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2014-09-22)The pixel size imposes a fundamental limit on the amount of information that can be displayed or recorded on a sensor. Thus, there is strong motivation to reduce the pixel size down to the nanometre scale. Nanometre colour pixels cannot be fabricated by simply downscaling current pixels due to colour cross talk and diffraction caused by dyes or pigments used as colour filters. Colour filters based on plasmonic effects can overcome these difficulties. Although different plasmonic colour filters have been demonstrated at the micron scale, there have been no attempts so far to reduce the filter size to the submicron scale. Here, we present for the first time a submicron plasmonic colour filter design together with a new challenge - pixel boundary errors at the submicron scale. We present simple but powerful filling schemes to produce submicron colour filters, which are free from pixel boundary errors and colour cross- talk, are polarization independent and angle insensitive, and based on LCD compatible aluminium technology. These results lay the basis for the development of submicron pixels in displays, RGB-spatial light modulators, liquid crystal over silicon, Google glasses and pico-projectors.