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    Discovery of a Powerful >10^61 erg AGN Outburst in Distant Galaxy Cluster SPT-CLJ0528-5300
    Calzadilla, MS ; McDonald, M ; Bayliss, M ; Benson, BA ; Bleem, LE ; Brodwin, M ; Edge, AC ; Floyd, B ; Gupta, N ; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J ; McNamara, BR ; Reichardt, CL ( 2019-11-28)
    We present ∼103 ks of Chandra observations of the galaxy cluster SPT-CLJ0528-5300 (SPT0528, z = 0.768). This cluster harbors the most radio-loud (L1.4GHz = 1.01 × 1033 erg s−1 Hz−1) central active galactic nucleus (AGN) of any cluster in the South Pole Telescope (SPT) Sunyaev–Zeldovich survey with available X-ray data. We find evidence of AGN-inflated cavities in the X-ray emission, which are consistent with the orientation of the jet direction revealed by Australia Telescope Compact Array radio data. The combined probability that two such depressions—each at ∼1.4–1.8σ significance, oriented ∼180° apart and aligned with the jet axis—would occur by chance is 0.1%. At ≳1061 erg, the outburst in SPT0528 is among the most energetic known in the universe, and certainly the most powerful known at z > 0.25. This work demonstrates that such powerful outbursts can be detected even in shallow X-ray exposures out to relatively high redshifts (z ∼ 0.8), providing an avenue for studying the evolution of extreme AGN feedback. The ratio of the cavity power (${P}_{\mathrm{cav}}=(9.4\pm 5.8)\times {10}^{45}$ erg s−1) to the cooling luminosity (Lcool = (1.5 ± 0.5) × 1044 erg s−1) for SPT0528 is among the highest measured to date. If, in the future, additional systems are discovered at similar redshifts with equally high Pcav/Lcool ratios, it would imply that the feedback/cooling cycle was not as gentle at high redshifts as in the low-redshift universe.
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    Direct Assembly of Large Area Nanoparticle Arrays
    Mulvaney, P ; ZHANG, H ; KINNEAR, C ; Cadusch, J ; JAMES, T ; ROBERTS, ANN ( 2018-07-13)
    We describe the fabrication of large area arrays of single nanoparticles using electrophoretic deposition.