Melbourne Dental School - Research Publications
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ItemThe International Caries Classification and Management System (ICCMS (TM)) an example of a Caries Management PathwayIsmail, AI ; Pitts, NB ; Tellez, M (BMC, 2015-09-15)
ItemAnti-caries effect of CPP-ACP in irradiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma patientsSim, CPC ; Wee, J ; Xu, Y ; Cheung, Y-B ; Soong, Y-L ; Manton, DJ (SPRINGER HEIDELBERG, 2015-06-01)OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) on caries progression in irradiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. METHODS: Twenty-one males and three females (median age, 50 years) were randomized into two groups before radiotherapy. Subjects had at least eight teeth after oral health clearance. The test group used 0.4 % stannous fluoride gel and a crème containing 10 % CPP-ACP daily; the control group used a similar crème without CPP-ACP and otherwise identical care. Subjects applied the crème three times daily and fluoride gel once daily. Caries status, saliva and plaque parameters were measured pre-radiotherapy, at 2 weeks and 3 months post-radiotherapy. RESULTS: Baseline International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) scores were 0-1126 surfaces (93.9 %), 1-28 surfaces (2.3 %), 2-40 surfaces (3.3 %) and 3-6 surfaces (0.5 %) for the control and 0-1186 surfaces (95.6 %), 1-31 surfaces (2.5 %), 2-15 surfaces (1.2 %) and 3-8 surfaces (0.7 %) for the test group. Twenty-two subjects returned at 3 months post-radiotherapy with reduced plaque pH, salivary flow, pH and buffering capacity. Nine test and 8 control subjects developed 32 and 59 new caries lesions, respectively. Test subjects showed lower caries progression than the controls: all surfaces (OR 0.51, 95 % CI 0.17∼1.59), occlusal (OR 0.20, 95 % CI 0.03∼1.29) and smooth surfaces (OR 0.61, 95 % CI 0.16∼2.38). The difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Application of CPP-ACP did not significantly reduce caries progression in NPC patients in the first 3 months after radiotherapy as compared to controls. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Adjunct use of CPP-ACP with stannous fluoride gel in irradiated NPC patients gave comparable results compared to stannous fluoride gel alone in reducing caries progression.
ItemA practical method for use in epidemiological studies on enamel hypomineralisationGhanim, A ; Elfrink, M ; Weerheijm, K ; Marino, R ; Manton, D (SPRINGER, 2015-06-01)With the development of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) judgment criteria, there has been increasing interest worldwide in investigation of the prevalence of demarcated opacities in tooth enamel substance, known as molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). However, the lack of a standardised system for the purpose of recording MIH data in epidemiological surveys has contributed greatly to the wide variations in the reported prevalence between studies. The present publication describes the rationale, development, and content of a scoring method for MIH diagnosis in epidemiological studies as well as clinic- and hospital-based studies. The proposed grading method allows separate classification of demarcated hypomineralisation lesions and other enamel defects identical to MIH. It yields an informative description of the severity of MIH-affected teeth in terms of the stage of visible enamel destruction and the area of tooth surface affected (i.e. lesion clinical status and extent, respectively). In order to preserve the maximum amount of information from a clinical examination consistent with the need to permit direct comparisons between prevalence studies, two forms of the charting are proposed, a short form for simple screening surveys and a long form desirable for prospective, longitudinal observational research where aetiological factors in demarcated lesions are to be investigated in tandem with lesions distribution. Validation of the grading method is required, and its reliability and usefulness need to be tested in different age groups and different populations.
ItemNo Preview AvailableTeleconsultation and Telediagnosis for Oral Health Assessment: An Australian PerspectiveMarino, R ; Clarke, K ; Manton, DJ ; Stranieri, A ; Collmann, R ; Kellet, H ; Borda, A ; Kumar, S (SPRINGER, 2015-01-01)