School of Earth Sciences - Theses

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    Geology of the Dookie District (Part I) & Trace element distributions within some major stratiform orebodies (Part II)
    Smith, Robert Neville ( 1973)
    Part I: The Cambrian rocks outcropping in the Dookie district consist of a series of altered igneous rocks (diabases), a variety of pyroclastic rocks and cherts. The igneous rocks are thought to have been originally tholeiitic, having undergone low grade burial metamorphism, hydrothermal alteration and possibly contact metamorphism. Field evidence indicates that at least one of the igneous bodies is intrusive, probably a sill. The relation between these rocks and Cambrian rocks elsewhere in Victoria is discussed. The lithology and structure of an area of folded Ordovician and Silurian — L. Devonian sediments outcropping to the south of the main Cambrian massif is reviewed. Part II: Trace elements Tl, Ag and Au abundances in whole rock samples from a number of important stratiform basemetal orebodies have been determined by neutron activation analysis. Suites of samples were taken from the HYC Zn-Pb-Ag deposit at McArthur River, N.T., the Cu-Pb-Zn deposit of Rosebery, Tasmania and a Karoko type orebody from Shakanai, Japan. While the distribution of Au and Ag in the three deposits were found to closely follow those of Cu and Pb respectively, a higher Ag/Au ratio is apparent in the HYC deposit. In the other deposits, probably formed at temperatures greater than 200°, high concentrations of Au are explainable in terms of high temperature transport via chloride or thiocomplexing, while in the HYC deposit, formed below 150°, hydrothermal transport of comparable amounts of Au is considered unlikely. In response to lower temperature, strongly reducing conditions and restricted circulation, Tl concentrations in the HYC deposit are markedly greater than those in the remaining deposits. At McArthur River, significant enrichments in Tl occur up to, 250 metres stratigraphically above the main ore shales, and the geochemical significance and practical value of such metal haloes about stratiform orebodies are discussed.