Medicine (Austin & Northern Health) - Research Publications

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    Reduction of carboplatin induced emesis by ondansetron.
    Harvey, VJ ; Evans, BD ; Mitchell, PL ; Mak, D ; Neave, LM ; Langley, GB ; Dickson, DS (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1991-06)
    Ondansetron is a selective 5-HT3 antagonist with significant antiemetic properties in patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy. Patients who had suffered severe vomiting on carboplatin alone (23 patients with ovarian carcinoma) or in combination (two patients with testicular cancer) despite intensive antiemetic regimens were treated with ondansetron, given as 8 mg immediately prior to carboplatin followed by 8 mg orally, 8 hourly for 5 days. Twenty-five patients received 58 courses of ondansetron. In the first 24 h after the first course of chemotherapy with ondansetron, 17 patients (68%) experienced no vomiting, five patients (20%) had almost complete control and the other three patients had partial control. During the subsequent 4 days slightly lesser control was achieved. Nausea was similarly controlled in most patients. Twenty-two patients stated a preference for ondansetron with future chemotherapy. Fourteen patients received additional chemotherapy with ondansetron and in only three patients did the efficacy of therapy lessen. Toxicity was mild and transient with headache and constipation predominant. No extrapyramidal reaction was seen. Sedation was absent. Ondansetron is highly effective in refractory vomiting associated with carboplatin chemotherapy. It may be particularly beneficial when an extrapyramidal reaction has occurred on previous antiemetics and when sedation is unacceptable.
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    Platinum-Taxol non-cross resistance in epithelial ovarian cancer.
    Gore, ME ; Preston, N ; A'Hern, RP ; Hill, C ; Mitchell, P ; Chang, J ; Nicolson, M (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1995-06)
    The aim of this study was to assess the clinical evidence for platinum-Taxol non-cross-resistance in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Unlike other studies, only patients who had demonstrably progressive disease on platinum therapy were analysed. Patients received 135-200 mg m-2 of Taxol over 3 or 24 h and all patients were assessed for response by computerised axial tomography. The overall response rate was 22.2% (8/36 patients, 95% CI 10-39%). Only patients who received > or = 175 mg m-2 of Taxol responded (26.7%; 8/30 patients, 95% CI 12-46%). No complete responses were seen and the duration of response was short, median 7 months (range 5-9+). Response was associated with a short treatment-free interval (P = 0.02); only those who were treated immediately after they had progressed on their previous platinum therapy responded. Response duration was associated with a good performance status (P < 0.05). Platinum and Taxol are non-cross-resistant in a proportion of patients and therefore patients who are resistant to platinum compounds may benefit from Taxol although the duration of any response is short. These data support current strategies that involve combining Taxol with platinum compounds as first-line therapy in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.