Eastern Hill Academic Centre - Research Publications

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    Limited role for surveillance PET-CT scanning in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in complete metabolic remission following primary therapy
    Cheah, CY ; Hofman, MS ; Dickinson, M ; Wirth, A ; Westerman, D ; Harrison, SJ ; Burbury, K ; Wolf, M ; Januszewicz, H ; Herbert, K ; Prince, HM ; Carney, DA ; Ritchie, DS ; Hicks, RJ ; Seymour, JF (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2013-07-23)
    BACKGROUND: The usefulness of positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) in the surveillance of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in complete metabolic remission after primary therapy is not well studied. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of our database between 2002 and 2009 for patients with de novo DLBCL who underwent surveillance PET-CT after achieving complete metabolic response (CMR) following primary therapy. RESULTS: Four-hundred and fifty scans were performed in 116 patients, with a median follow-up of 53 (range 8-133) months from completion of therapy. Thirteen patients (11%) relapsed: seven were suspected clinically and six were subclinical (all within first 18 months). The positive predictive value in patients with international prognostic index (IPI) <3 was 56% compared with 80% in patients with IPI ≥3. Including indeterminate scans, PET-CT retained high sensitivity 95% and specificity 97% for relapse. CONCLUSION: Positron emission tomography with computed tomography is not useful in patients for the majority of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in CMR after primary therapy, with the possible exception of patients with baseline IPI ≥3 in the 18 months following completion of primary therapy. This issue could be addressed by a prospective clinical trial.
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    A blood-based biomarker panel indicates IL-10 and IL-12/23p40 are jointly associated as predictors of β-amyloid load in an AD cohort
    Pedrini, S ; Gupta, VB ; Hone, E ; Doecke, J ; O'Bryant, S ; James, I ; Bush, AI ; Rowe, CC ; Villemagne, VL ; Ames, D ; Masters, CL ; Martins, RN (NATURE PORTFOLIO, 2017-10-25)
    Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, characterised by extracellular amyloid deposition as plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles of tau protein. As no current clinical test can diagnose individuals at risk of developing AD, the aim of this project is to evaluate a blood-based biomarker panel to identify individuals who carry this risk. We analysed the levels of 22 biomarkers in clinically classified healthy controls (HC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's participants from the well characterised Australian Imaging, Biomarker and Lifestyle (AIBL) study of aging. High levels of IL-10 and IL-12/23p40 were significantly associated with amyloid deposition in HC, suggesting that these two biomarkers might be used to detect at risk individuals. Additionally, other biomarkers (Eotaxin-3, Leptin, PYY) exhibited altered levels in AD participants possessing the APOE ε4 allele. This suggests that the physiology of some potential biomarkers may be altered in AD due to the APOE ε4 allele, a major risk factor for AD. Taken together, these data highlight several potential biomarkers that can be used in a blood-based panel to allow earlier identification of individuals at risk of developing AD and/or early stage AD for which current therapies may be more beneficial.