School of Historical and Philosophical Studies - Research Publications
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ItemTransculturalism as a Model for Examining Migration to Cyprus and Philistia at the End of the Bronze AgeHitchcock, LA (Peeters, 2011)The ethnic identity of the Philistines and their relationship to Greece, Cyprus, Anatolia, and the Sea Peoples continues to be a very lively and interesting area of scholarly debate. This contribution reviews recent work on general categories of cultural interaction with regard to the east Mediterranean including colonisation, migration, and cultural diffusion. The relationship between these categories of interaction and the formation of cultural identity such as creolization, hybridity, assimilation, and acculturation is also considered. An argument in favor of transculturalism, multivocality, and long-term approaches to the formation of cultural identity is then proposed.
ItemDressed to Impress: Architectural Adornment as an Exotic Marker of Elite Identity in the Eastern MediterraneanHitchcock, LA ; Nosch, M ; Laffineur, R (Peeters, 2012)
ItemMycenaean ArchitectureHitchcock, LA ; Cline, EH (Oxford University Press, 2012-01-12)Abstract Mycenaean architecture is characterized by both continuity and innovation, as well as by the adoption and adaptation of neighboring practices. The most obvious feature of mainland architecture is that it is hall centered, dominated by a central rectangular hall or megaron, thereby combining both axiality and simplicity. It forms the core element of the palaces in Mycenae, with additional rooms and courtyards organized around it. Construction techniques varied regionally and chronologically but include a variety of techniques including mud-brick superstructures on a stone socle, drywall masonry, rubble masonry, Cyclopean masonry, and ashlar masonry on a stone socle. Ashlar was typically sand or limestone, although saw-cut, dressed conglomerate blocks were used in special places such as thresholds and the entrances of fortifications and tholos tombs. There was also a sparing use of decorative stone such as gypsum, which might reference Crete, in the palaces and other monumental structures such as tombs.
ItemMinoan ArchitectureHitchcock, LA ; Cline, EH (Oxford University Press, 2012-01-12)Abstract Minoan architecture is characterized by both tradition and innovation. Although regionalism was more typical of the tomb architecture of the Early Bronze Age, there are also some regional distinctions among Minoan palatial buildings. These distinctions are frequently overshadowed by the emphasis placed on the organization of the palaces around a central court, resulting in the use of the essentialist term “court-centered building.” Houses were characterized by a radial plan with rooms organized around a squarish hall. A preference for corner doorways and a liberal use of corridors and staircases in the palaces and villas enhanced their complexity. Greater cultural uniformity with mainland Greece at the end of the Bronze Age is indicated by the predominance of rectilinear halls with entry on the short side throughout the Aegean.