School of Historical and Philosophical Studies - Research Publications

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    Evidence for textile production in Rabati, Georgia, during the Bedeni phase of the Early Kurgan period
    Bedianashvili, G ; Jamieson, A ; Longford, C ; Martkoplishvili, I ; Paul, J ; Sagona, C (ELSEVIER, 2022-06-01)
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    Varieties of Relevant S5
    Standefer, S (NICOLAUS COPERNICUS UNIV TORUN, 2022-03-08)
    In classically based modal logic, there are three common conceptions of necessity, the universal conception, the equivalence relation conception, and the axiomatic conception. They provide distinct presentations of the modal logic S5, all of which coincide in the basic modal language. We explore these different conceptions in the context of the relevant logic R, demonstrating where they come apart. This reveals that there are many options for being an S5-ish extension of R. It further reveals a divide between the universal conception of necessity on the one hand, and the axiomatic conception on the other: The latter is consistent with motivations for relevant logics while the former is not. For the committed relevant logician, necessity cannot be the truth in all possible worlds.
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    Ten millennia of hepatitis B virus evolution
    Kocher, A ; Papac, L ; Barquera, R ; Key, FM ; Spyrou, MA ; Hubler, R ; Rohrlach, AB ; Aron, F ; Stahl, R ; Wissgott, A ; van Bommel, F ; Pfefferkorn, M ; Mittnik, A ; Villalba-Mouco, V ; Neumann, GU ; Rivollat, M ; van de Loosdrecht, MS ; Majander, K ; Tukhbatova, R ; Musralina, L ; Ghalichi, A ; Penske, S ; Sabin, S ; Michel, M ; Gretzinger, J ; Nelson, EA ; Ferraz, T ; Nagele, K ; Parker, C ; Keller, M ; Guevara, EK ; Feldman, M ; Eisenmann, S ; Skourtanioti, E ; Giffin, K ; Gnecchi-Ruscone, GA ; Friederich, S ; Schimmenti, V ; Khartanovich, V ; Karapetian, MK ; Chaplygin, MS ; Kufterin, VV ; Khokhlov, AA ; Chizhevsky, AA ; Stashenkov, DA ; Kochkina, AF ; Tejedor-Rodriguez, C ; Garcia-Martinez de Lagran, I ; Arcusa-Magallon, H ; Garrido-Pena, R ; Ignacio Royo-Guillen, J ; Novacek, J ; Rottier, S ; Kacki, S ; Saintot, S ; Kaverzneva, E ; Belinskiy, AB ; Veleminsky, P ; Limbursky, P ; Kostka, M ; Loe, L ; Popescu, E ; Clarke, R ; Lyons, A ; Mortimer, R ; Sajantila, A ; Chinique de Armas, Y ; Hernandez Godoy, ST ; Hernandez-Zaragoza, D ; Pearson, J ; Binder, D ; Lefranc, P ; Kantorovich, AR ; Maslov, VE ; Lai, L ; Zoledziewska, M ; Beckett, JF ; Langova, M ; Ingman, T ; Garcia Atienzar, G ; de Miguel Ibanez, MP ; Romero, A ; Sperduti, A ; Beckett, S ; Salter, SJ ; Zilivinskaya, ED ; Vasil, DV ; von Heyking, K ; Burger, RL ; Salazar, LC ; Amkreutz, L ; Navruzbekov, M ; Rosenstock, E ; Alonso-Fernandez, C ; Slavchev, V ; Kalmykov, AA ; Atabiev, BC ; Batieva, E ; Alvarez Calmet, M ; Llamas, B ; Schultz, M ; Krauss, R ; Jimenez-Echevarria, J ; Francken, M ; Shnaider, S ; de Knijff, P ; Altena, E ; Van de Vijver, K ; Fehren-Schmitz, L ; Tung, TA ; Losch, S ; Dobrovolskaya, M ; Makarov, N ; Read, C ; Van Twest, M ; Sagona, C ; Ramsl, PC ; Akar, M ; Yener, KA ; Carmona Ballestero, E ; Cucca, F ; Mazzarello, V ; Utrilla, P ; Rademaker, K ; Fernandez-Dominguez, E ; Baird, D ; Semal, P ; Marquez-Morfin, L ; Roksandic, M ; Steiner, H ; Carlos Salazar-Garcia, D ; Shishlina, N ; Erdal, YS ; Hallgren, F ; Boyadzhiev, Y ; Boyadzhiev, K ; Kuessner, M ; Sayer, D ; Onkamo, P ; Skeates, R ; Rojo-Guerra, M ; Buzhilova, A ; Khussainova, E ; Djansugurova, LB ; Beisenov, AZ ; Samashev, Z ; Massy, K ; Mannino, M ; Moiseyev, V ; Mannermaa, K ; Balanovsky, O ; Deguilloux, M-F ; Reinhold, S ; Hansen, S ; Kitov, EP ; Dobes, M ; Ernee, M ; Meller, H ; Alt, KW ; Prufer, K ; Warinner, C ; Schiffels, S ; Stockhammer, PW ; Bos, K ; Posth, C ; Herbig, A ; Haak, W ; Krause, J ; Kuehnert, D (AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE, 2021-10-08)
    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been infecting humans for millennia and remains a global health problem, but its past diversity and dispersal routes are largely unknown. We generated HBV genomic data from 137 Eurasians and Native Americans dated between ~10,500 and ~400 years ago. We date the most recent common ancestor of all HBV lineages to between ~20,000 and 12,000 years ago, with the virus present in European and South American hunter-gatherers during the early Holocene. After the European Neolithic transition, Mesolithic HBV strains were replaced by a lineage likely disseminated by early farmers that prevailed throughout western Eurasia for ~4000 years, declining around the end of the 2nd millennium BCE. The only remnant of this prehistoric HBV diversity is the rare genotype G, which appears to have reemerged during the HIV pandemic.
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    The Political and the Personal in Five Tang Dynasty Imperial Tombs of the Post-Wu Zetian Period
    Eckfeld, T ; ZHOU, T (Wenwu Chubanshe, 2022)
    After his 705 resumption of the throne, Emperor Zhongzong (r.684 and 705-710) commissioned the construction of imperial tombs to reinstate the official status of members of the Tang dynasty imperial family who had been demoted and put to death in the Wu Zetian period. These grand tombs stood as symbols of both Li family political legitimacy and posthumous rehabilitation of the deceased. Five tombs containing mural paintings from 706, have been excavated, belonging to: Crown Prince Yide (d.701), Princess Yongtai (d.701) and Prince Li Xian (later Crown Prince Zhanghuai, d.684) at Qianling; and two concubines of Li Dan (later Emperor Ruizong, r.684- 690 and 710-712), Tang shi Anguo Xiangwang ruren (662-693) and Cui shi Anguo Xiangwang ruren (d.???) at Luoyang. These mural paintings are the largest number of discovered from any one year of the Tang dynasty. Comparison of the tombs and their mural paintings reveals new information about mortuary entitlements, relative status, standardisation of mural painting pictorial programs and personalisation reflecting the individual tastes and interests of tomb occupants or patrons commissioning the tombs.
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    Lost Visual Histories: China’s Tang dynasty (618-906) tomb mural paintings
    Eckfeld, T (International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS), 2018)
    China’s Tang dynasty (618-907) tomb mural paintings are rare finds and study of them has grown since the first archaeological discoveries and excavations in the early 1950s. Although thousands of minor Tang graves and about 400 tombs have been discovered, so far only around 60 Tang tombs have been found to contain mural paintings. While many questions are still to be answered, each new discovery contributes to knowledge in this important field.
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    A Polite Way to say ‘No’
    Sloggett, R ; Lawler-Dormer, K ( 2018-10-24)
    Presentation to NZCCM 2018 Conference Living Heritage: Materials, Methods and Context: As is the case in most countries, much of Australia’s cultural record is not housed in large national institutions but in smaller organisations, often located in remote, regional or rural areas and with limited resources, and run by fe staff, or by volunteers. Most have limited access to conservation expertise. These organisations rely on accessible and practical advice in publications such as reCollections: Caring for Collections Across Australia (1998). Created as an initiative of the Heritage Collections Council in 1998 and supported by the Australian Federal Government reCollections has become an essential resource providing preventative conservation principles for Australian cultural organisations. The current program to update and create reCollections Online offers the opportunity to engage current users and the wider community in contributing to a more tailored preventative conservation resource. A partnership between Bathurst Regional Council, NSW Australia, and the Grimwade Centre at the University of Melbourne brings together conservators and conservation students with Bathurst museum and heritage professionals and volunteers. A recent study, which interviewed heritage professionals in Bathurst and sought their involvement in the revision of reCollections, revealed a content gap in the Acquisitions and Significance section of reCollections. This revision identified the need for practical advice to inform decision making at the initial point of acquisitions through to storage and display. The study also identified the need for professionals and volunteers to understand and assess personnel implications that might arise during or after the acquisition process.
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    Developing Museum to Museum Cultural Engagement Between Australia and Timor Leste
    Assis, C ; SLOGGETT, R ; Leach, M ; Canas Mendes, N ; da Silva, A ; Boughton, B ; Ximenes, A (Swinburne Press, 2022-01-12)
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    Considering Evidence in Art Fraud
    SLOGGETT, R ; Chappell, D ; Hufnagel, S (Routledge - Taylor & Francis, 2016)
    Securing the evidential link between the work and the artist who is purported to have produced it requires a rigorous analytical approach; one that not only accepts particular evidence that may support the assertion of authenticity, but which can also contest evidence that is not correct. Such an approach is by its very nature multidisciplinary, often bringing together knowledge of art history, the art market, cultural materials conservation, chemistry, law and policing. What constitutes evidence of authenticity is generally based on considerations of provenance, art historical context, including facts about the artist and scientific enquiry. Building the chain of evidence for art authentication is a complex and carefully constructed activity that ensures that works can be legitimately, and verifiably, linked to the artist who is purported to be their source.
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    A Conservation Overview of Gaps in Traditional Trade Skills in Australia
    Dunn, B ; Sloggett, R ; Draayers, W (Informa UK Limited, 2019-07-03)
    In 2003, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage; recognising the important role traditional craftmanship has as a tangible manifestation of intangible heritage and highlighting the importance of the intergenerational transmission of knowledge and skills. Within this context, a Conservation Skills Gaps survey was conducted in 2016 that examined whether there was a current perceived skills gap relating to traditional trades; what difficulties might conservators have in accessing these trades; and, how such a skills gap might be addressed? This paper examines the results of this survey, reviews the 2000 AICCM Skills Gap Audit and the 2018 Heritage Skills Initiative Sector Analysis Survey that reported on the health of traditional trade skills in Australia, and discusses recent initiatives to revitalise rare trades. It also examines current work in developing opportunities to build intergenerational knowledge transfer, support specialist practitioners, and generate solutions to address skill gaps in traditional trades and conservation.
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    Ontology and Attention: Addressing the Challenge of the Amoralist through Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology and Care Ethics
    Daly, A (MDPI, 2022-06-01)
    This paper addresses the persistent philosophical problem posed by the amoralist—one who eschews moral values—by drawing on complementary resources within phenomenology and care ethics. How is it that the amoralist can reject ethical injunctions that serve the general good and be unpersuaded by ethical intuitions that for most would require neither explanation nor justification? And more generally, what is the basis for ethical motivation? Why is it that we can care for others? What are the underpinning ontological structures that are able to support an ethics of care? To respond to these questions, I draw on the work of Merleau-Ponty, focusing specifically on his analyses of perceptual attention. What is the nature and quality of perceptual attention that underwrite our capacities or incapacities for care? I proceed in dialogue with a range of philosophers attuned to the compelling nature of care, some who have also drawn on Merleau-Ponty and others who have examined the roots of an ethics of care inspired or incited by other thinkers.