School of Historical and Philosophical Studies - Research Publications

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    Children in the Roman Farming Economy: Evidence, Problems and Possibilities
    Lewit, T ; Van Limbergen, D ; Hoffelinck, A ; Taelman, D (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022)
    Children’s roles within Roman farming have been little explored, despite a flood of recent work on many aspects of childhood in Roman society. Children were an important economic cohort, however, and would have made up a large group within the potential labour force of any farm. Close examination of textual and visual sources suggests that children played specific economic roles. Further, ethnographic studies on children’s farm work in the Mediterranean and beyond in more recent times reveal considerable correspondence with ancient practices. The allocation of certain categories of tasks to children appears highly consistent across time and geographic location. By combining these groups of evidence, we can consider the extent to which children’s labour would have contributed to the Roman farming economy. Children’s work should not be seen as insignificant or marginal: rather, it played an essential part, as in later times, within the economics of farm work.
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    V ovech'ei shkure. Vtoraia zhizn' dobropochtennogo uchenogo || In Sheep's Clothing: The Second Life of Dr Hans Beutelspacher
    Beyda, O ; Petrov, I ( 2022-07-18)
    An interview project on Russian exile, hosted by Radio Free Europe\Radio Liberty and featuring multiple complex biographies. Oleg Beyda and Igor Petrov have spent a decade tracing the life and dark deeds of Dr Hans Beutelspacher - an eminent scientist of soil and, as it turns out, a Nazi war criminal.
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    Automating Digital Afterlives
    Fordyce, R ; Nansen, B ; Arnold, M ; Kohn, T ; Gibbs, M ; Jansson, A ; Adams, PC (Oxford University Press, 2021-08-26)
    The question of how the dead “live on” by maintaining a presence and connecting to the living within social networks has garnered the attention of users, entrepreneurs, platforms, and researchers alike. In this chapter we investigate the increasingly ambiguous terrain of posthumous connection and disconnection by focusing on a diverse set of practices implemented by users and offered by commercial services to plan for and manage social media communication, connection, and presence after life. Drawing on theories of self-presentation (Goffman) and technological forms of life (Lash), we argue that moderated and automated performances of posthumous digital presence cannot be understood as a continuation of personal identity or self-presentation. Rather, as forms of mediated human (after)life, posthumous social media presence materializes ambiguities of connection/disconnection and self/identity.
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    Evidence for textile production in Rabati, Georgia, during the Bedeni phase of the Early Kurgan period
    Bedianashvili, G ; Jamieson, A ; Longford, C ; Martkoplishvili, I ; Paul, J ; Sagona, C (ELSEVIER, 2022-06-01)
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    Varieties of Relevant S5
    Standefer, S (NICOLAUS COPERNICUS UNIV TORUN, 2022-03-08)
    In classically based modal logic, there are three common conceptions of necessity, the universal conception, the equivalence relation conception, and the axiomatic conception. They provide distinct presentations of the modal logic S5, all of which coincide in the basic modal language. We explore these different conceptions in the context of the relevant logic R, demonstrating where they come apart. This reveals that there are many options for being an S5-ish extension of R. It further reveals a divide between the universal conception of necessity on the one hand, and the axiomatic conception on the other: The latter is consistent with motivations for relevant logics while the former is not. For the committed relevant logician, necessity cannot be the truth in all possible worlds.
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    Ten millennia of hepatitis B virus evolution
    Kocher, A ; Papac, L ; Barquera, R ; Key, FM ; Spyrou, MA ; Hubler, R ; Rohrlach, AB ; Aron, F ; Stahl, R ; Wissgott, A ; van Bommel, F ; Pfefferkorn, M ; Mittnik, A ; Villalba-Mouco, V ; Neumann, GU ; Rivollat, M ; van de Loosdrecht, MS ; Majander, K ; Tukhbatova, R ; Musralina, L ; Ghalichi, A ; Penske, S ; Sabin, S ; Michel, M ; Gretzinger, J ; Nelson, EA ; Ferraz, T ; Nagele, K ; Parker, C ; Keller, M ; Guevara, EK ; Feldman, M ; Eisenmann, S ; Skourtanioti, E ; Giffin, K ; Gnecchi-Ruscone, GA ; Friederich, S ; Schimmenti, V ; Khartanovich, V ; Karapetian, MK ; Chaplygin, MS ; Kufterin, VV ; Khokhlov, AA ; Chizhevsky, AA ; Stashenkov, DA ; Kochkina, AF ; Tejedor-Rodriguez, C ; Garcia-Martinez de Lagran, I ; Arcusa-Magallon, H ; Garrido-Pena, R ; Ignacio Royo-Guillen, J ; Novacek, J ; Rottier, S ; Kacki, S ; Saintot, S ; Kaverzneva, E ; Belinskiy, AB ; Veleminsky, P ; Limbursky, P ; Kostka, M ; Loe, L ; Popescu, E ; Clarke, R ; Lyons, A ; Mortimer, R ; Sajantila, A ; Chinique de Armas, Y ; Hernandez Godoy, ST ; Hernandez-Zaragoza, D ; Pearson, J ; Binder, D ; Lefranc, P ; Kantorovich, AR ; Maslov, VE ; Lai, L ; Zoledziewska, M ; Beckett, JF ; Langova, M ; Ingman, T ; Garcia Atienzar, G ; de Miguel Ibanez, MP ; Romero, A ; Sperduti, A ; Beckett, S ; Salter, SJ ; Zilivinskaya, ED ; Vasil, DV ; von Heyking, K ; Burger, RL ; Salazar, LC ; Amkreutz, L ; Navruzbekov, M ; Rosenstock, E ; Alonso-Fernandez, C ; Slavchev, V ; Kalmykov, AA ; Atabiev, BC ; Batieva, E ; Alvarez Calmet, M ; Llamas, B ; Schultz, M ; Krauss, R ; Jimenez-Echevarria, J ; Francken, M ; Shnaider, S ; de Knijff, P ; Altena, E ; Van de Vijver, K ; Fehren-Schmitz, L ; Tung, TA ; Losch, S ; Dobrovolskaya, M ; Makarov, N ; Read, C ; Van Twest, M ; Sagona, C ; Ramsl, PC ; Akar, M ; Yener, KA ; Carmona Ballestero, E ; Cucca, F ; Mazzarello, V ; Utrilla, P ; Rademaker, K ; Fernandez-Dominguez, E ; Baird, D ; Semal, P ; Marquez-Morfin, L ; Roksandic, M ; Steiner, H ; Carlos Salazar-Garcia, D ; Shishlina, N ; Erdal, YS ; Hallgren, F ; Boyadzhiev, Y ; Boyadzhiev, K ; Kuessner, M ; Sayer, D ; Onkamo, P ; Skeates, R ; Rojo-Guerra, M ; Buzhilova, A ; Khussainova, E ; Djansugurova, LB ; Beisenov, AZ ; Samashev, Z ; Massy, K ; Mannino, M ; Moiseyev, V ; Mannermaa, K ; Balanovsky, O ; Deguilloux, M-F ; Reinhold, S ; Hansen, S ; Kitov, EP ; Dobes, M ; Ernee, M ; Meller, H ; Alt, KW ; Prufer, K ; Warinner, C ; Schiffels, S ; Stockhammer, PW ; Bos, K ; Posth, C ; Herbig, A ; Haak, W ; Krause, J ; Kuehnert, D (AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE, 2021-10-08)
    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been infecting humans for millennia and remains a global health problem, but its past diversity and dispersal routes are largely unknown. We generated HBV genomic data from 137 Eurasians and Native Americans dated between ~10,500 and ~400 years ago. We date the most recent common ancestor of all HBV lineages to between ~20,000 and 12,000 years ago, with the virus present in European and South American hunter-gatherers during the early Holocene. After the European Neolithic transition, Mesolithic HBV strains were replaced by a lineage likely disseminated by early farmers that prevailed throughout western Eurasia for ~4000 years, declining around the end of the 2nd millennium BCE. The only remnant of this prehistoric HBV diversity is the rare genotype G, which appears to have reemerged during the HIV pandemic.
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    The Political and the Personal in Five Tang Dynasty Imperial Tombs of the Post-Wu Zetian Period
    Eckfeld, T ; ZHOU, T (Wenwu Chubanshe, 2022)
    After his 705 resumption of the throne, Emperor Zhongzong (r.684 and 705-710) commissioned the construction of imperial tombs to reinstate the official status of members of the Tang dynasty imperial family who had been demoted and put to death in the Wu Zetian period. These grand tombs stood as symbols of both Li family political legitimacy and posthumous rehabilitation of the deceased. Five tombs containing mural paintings from 706, have been excavated, belonging to: Crown Prince Yide (d.701), Princess Yongtai (d.701) and Prince Li Xian (later Crown Prince Zhanghuai, d.684) at Qianling; and two concubines of Li Dan (later Emperor Ruizong, r.684- 690 and 710-712), Tang shi Anguo Xiangwang ruren (662-693) and Cui shi Anguo Xiangwang ruren (d.???) at Luoyang. These mural paintings are the largest number of discovered from any one year of the Tang dynasty. Comparison of the tombs and their mural paintings reveals new information about mortuary entitlements, relative status, standardisation of mural painting pictorial programs and personalisation reflecting the individual tastes and interests of tomb occupants or patrons commissioning the tombs.
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    Developing Museum to Museum Cultural Engagement Between Australia and Timor Leste
    Assis, C ; SLOGGETT, R ; Leach, M ; Canas Mendes, N ; da Silva, A ; Boughton, B ; Ximenes, A (Swinburne Press, 2022-01-12)
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    Ontology and Attention: Addressing the Challenge of the Amoralist through Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology and Care Ethics
    Daly, A (MDPI, 2022-06-01)
    This paper addresses the persistent philosophical problem posed by the amoralist—one who eschews moral values—by drawing on complementary resources within phenomenology and care ethics. How is it that the amoralist can reject ethical injunctions that serve the general good and be unpersuaded by ethical intuitions that for most would require neither explanation nor justification? And more generally, what is the basis for ethical motivation? Why is it that we can care for others? What are the underpinning ontological structures that are able to support an ethics of care? To respond to these questions, I draw on the work of Merleau-Ponty, focusing specifically on his analyses of perceptual attention. What is the nature and quality of perceptual attention that underwrite our capacities or incapacities for care? I proceed in dialogue with a range of philosophers attuned to the compelling nature of care, some who have also drawn on Merleau-Ponty and others who have examined the roots of an ethics of care inspired or incited by other thinkers.