School of Historical and Philosophical Studies - Research Publications

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    Art in Limbo: Logistical challenges, cultural differences, and the complications of collections access during the pandemic
    Labrador, AMT ; Fekrsanati, F ; Schimmeroth, G (MARKK Hamburg Museum am Rothenbaum – Kulturen und Künste der Welt, 2023)
    Cultural institutions such as museums claim to take a well-informed and strategic approach to care for valued collections, protecting and preserving the material evidence of cultural heritage in line with the overall institutional goals. Although the principles and values ​​that inform such strategies, vary considerably according to context and they often do not reflect the original cultural context.
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    The analytical potential of intensive field survey data: Developments in the collection, analysis and interpretation of surface ceramics within the Pontine Region Project
    de Haas, T ; Tol, G ; Meens, A ; Nazou, M ; van de Put, W (Sidestone Press, 2023)
    This paper provides a succinct overview of developments in field survey practices and artefact collection strategies within the Pontine Region Project (PRP), a long-running landscape archaeological project in central Italy. Drawing on various examples from the PRP database, we specifically aim to evaluate the increasing research intensity and artefact sampling approaches adopted in the project and their analytical contribution: first, to refine the chronological and spatial resolution of rural data and to move beyond simplistic rural site classifications; second, to systematically analyse and interpret off-site distributions; and third, to reconstruct regional systems of production and exchange. Countering critiques of the purportedly myopic character of Mediterranean survey practices, we argue that the intensive investigation of small research areas not only complements more extensive survey approaches, but is crucial to counter biases and refine generalizing trends in such datasets.
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    Japanese War Memory and Transnational Activism for Indonesian Survivors of Enforced Military Prostitution During World War Two
    McGregor, K ; Budianta, M ; Tiwon, S (Palgrave Macmillan, 2023-07-28)
    In this chapter, I analyse activism relating to survivors of the so-called comfort women system, enforced military prostitution, during World War Two. The term ‘comfort women’ is highly problematic and considered offensive by many survivors, yet it continues to be the most commonly used term to describe survivors. The most well-known example of national-based activism from affected countries is the activism of the Korean Council. The second most active national group is probably ASCENT from the Philippines (Medoza, 2003). In recognition, however, of the transnational nature of activism on this issue, scholars have studied cooperation between Japanese and Korean activists and between Japanese and Chinese activists, and the role of the Korean diaspora in activism in the United States and Australia. In these studies, the authors have variously reflected on the bases of these transnational partnerships and the different positions of activists within them in relation to their national affiliations and new potential alliances that transcend the nation.
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    The workshop
    Hanß, S ; Spinks, J ; Wouk, EH ; Wouk, EH ; Spinks, J (Manchester University Press, 2023-06-06)
    The painter and printmaker Albrecht Dürer is one of the most important figures of the German Renaissance. This book accompanies the first major exhibition of the Whitworth art gallery's outstanding Dürer collection in over half a century. It offers a new perspective on Dürer as an intense observer of the worlds of manufacture, design and trade that fill his graphic art. Artworks and artefacts examined here expose understudied aspects of Dürer's art and practice, including his attentive examination of objects of daily domestic use, his involvement in economies of local manufacture and exchange, the microarchitectures of local craft and, finally, his attention to cultures of natural and philosophical inquiry and learning.
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    Objects in motion: Albrecht Dürer's Nemesis
    Spinks, J ; Wouk, EH ; Spinks, J (Manchester University Press, 2023-06-06)
    The painter and printmaker Albrecht Dürer is one of the most important figures of the German Renaissance. This book accompanies the first major exhibition of the Whitworth art gallery's outstanding Dürer collection in over half a century. It offers a new perspective on Dürer as an intense observer of the worlds of manufacture, design and trade that fill his graphic art. Artworks and artefacts examined here expose understudied aspects of Dürer's art and practice, including his attentive examination of objects of daily domestic use, his involvement in economies of local manufacture and exchange, the microarchitectures of local craft and, finally, his attention to cultures of natural and philosophical inquiry and learning.
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    Introducing Albrecht Dürer's material world
    Spinks, J ; Wouk, EH ; Spinks, J ; Wouk, EH (Manchester University Press, 2023-06-06)
    This highly illustrated catalogue presents new essays on Albrecht Dürer, focusing on an understudied aspect of his practice: the material worlds of manufacture, design and trade.
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    The Maghrib before Colonialism
    Pennell, CR ; Joffe, G (Routledge, 2023-11-20)
    Since pre-historical times, the Maghrib – today the countries of Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya – has experienced a vast array of intertwined histories and societies. Over time, its indigenous communities have had to engage with various external partners from different geographic and cultural environments that have both been influenced by and have influenced the region and each has, in consequence, contributed towards its complex contemporary domestic reality. This initial chapter, therefore, outlines those interactions within the region which set the scene for the detailed discussion that follows in subsequent chapters. The analysis it provides terminates in the 1830s, after the European imperial intervention began with the French occupation of Algeria in 1830, an intervention which has powerfully shaped the modern states of the region, both incorporating and challenging its prior historical experiences.
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    Sexual and Family Violence in Europe
    Hall, D ; Malcolm, E ; Antony, R ; Carroll, S ; Pennock, CD (Cambridge University Press, 2020-01-01)
    In early modern Europe the killing of spouses, children or servants was a serious crime, as was the physical or sexual abuse of them. Yet convictions for what today we would call ‘domestic violence’ were rare. This chapter will analyse the understandings of gender that underpinned attitudes towards intimate violence. Male heads of households, for instance, were entitled, indeed expected, to employ physical force in order to maintain discipline amongst those under their control. The use of violence was not at issue; instead questions concerned the levels and types of violence employed. But if the head had licence to use violence, the reverse was certainly not the case: violence by dependants was widely interpreted as a form of treason. Attitudes to certain forms of intimate violence shifted significantly during 1500–1800. For instance, although rape continued to be treated primarily as a property crime and remained difficult to prove, nevertheless it also emerged increasingly as a moral offence. Regulation of illegitimacy and infanticide increased after 1500, yet by 1800 communal and judicial tolerance of the latter was on the rise. The chapter will not only highlight such gradual changes, but also seek to explain why they occurred and what they meant.
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    Geometric Models for Relevant Logics
    Restall, G ; Duntsch, I ; Mares, E (Springer International Publishing, 2022-01-01)
    Alasdair Urquhart’s work on models for relevant logics is distinctive in a number of different ways. One key theme, present in both his undecidability proof for the relevant logic R (Urquhart 1984) and his proof of the failure of interpolation in R (Urquhart 1993), is the use of techniques from geometry (Urquhart 2019). In this paper, inspired by Urquhart’s work, I explore ways to generate natural models of R+ from geometries, and different constraints that an accessibility relation in such a model might satisfy. I end by showing that a set of natural conditions on an accessibility relation, motivated by geometric considerations, is jointly unsatisfiable.
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    Women, Early Modern: Society and Sociability
    Green, K ; Jalobeanu, D ; Wolfe, CT (Springer International Publishing, 2020)
    Definition/Introduction: Beginning in the fifteenth century, European women began to question misogynist literature that attempted to justify their relegation to a subordinate position within society, generating the querelle des femmes. In time they developed new models of ideal social relationships between the sexes, along with concepts of society and sociability that elevated women’s social role. While the earliest defenses of women accepted women’s subjection within marriage as analogous to the legitimate subjection of citizens to their monarch, as Protestants and republicans questioned the legitimacy of arbitrary monarchical power, the justice of a husband’s rule over his wife also came into question. The concept of modernity embraced new developments in vernacular literature, hospitable to female participation, and the novel became a powerful vehicle for the articulation of egalitarian models of love and friendship between the sexes. The level of civilization of society came to be measured in relation to the social role and participation of women, and the possibility of equal friendship between the sexes outside marriage, slowly transformed into the ideal of marriage as an affective and more or less egalitarian companionship.