School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences - Theses

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    Analysis of growth and yield in uneven-aged, mixed species eucalypts at Mt. Cole State Forest
    Phartnakorn, Jaruchat ( 1994)
    Continuous forest inventory (CFI) is an effective method for studying forest changes over time; it provides growth and yield information which forest planners and managers can use for planning and managing forests to meet long-term sustained yield. This thesis reports results from a 30 year series of successive CFI measurement at Mt. Cole State Forest in west-central Victoria, commencing in 1963. With an area of 12,352 ha, Mt. Cole State Forest consists of three sub areas; the northern and southern Blocks totalling 11,250 ha, and the Mt. Lonarch Block comprised of 1,102 ha. Permanent sample plots (CFI plots) were first established in the Mt. Cole Blocks in 1963 and these have been measured on seven occasions, including the most recent 1994 assessment. During this period, various changes to the inventory data-base have occurred, which have impacted on the analysis and interpretation of the data. Since 1983 the forest area of the Mt. Cole Blocks have been classified according to land use and management zoning, resulting in a reduction of the net productive area available for sawlog production to 2,758 ha. This area has also been stratified into four homogenous areas (strata) and the number of CFI plots has been reduced from an initial 114 to 66 plots. In the latest (1994) remeasurement, the 66 permanent sample plots for the four strata of the Northern and Southern Mt. Cole Blocks were rechecked and the data has been analysed to determine current growth and yield, and to estimate future volume growth and an available cut for the forest. The above analyses show that the structure and yield of the forest have changed from time to time, with a trend towards decreasing levels of available growing stock over time. The current (1994) growing stock levels of the Mt. Cole Blocks are approximately 80,676 m2�27% (P=0.95) or 28.6�3.7 m2 /ha for basal area, and 237,684 m3�36% (P=0.95) or 83.7�13.9 m3/ha for 'sawlog plus potential sawlog volume'. The current available sawlog volume is approximately 177,672 m3�44% (P=0.95) or 63.5�12.5 m3/ha. Additional analyses of periodic and annual growth rates of the growing stock for each stratum and the whole forest (Mt. Cole Blocks) show that the average diameter increment (underbark) of the forest is approximately 0.51�0.03 cm/yr; the net annual increment including ingrowth (Gn+i) of the growing stock in the Mt. Cole Blocks is approximately 0.63�0.11 m2 /ha/yr for basal area, 2.16�0.75 m3 /ha/yr for sawlog, and 1.78�0.68 m3/ha/yr for sawlog plus potential sawlog. The net annual changes in growing stock levels (Gd) are approximately 0.11�0.29 m2 /ha/yr for basal area, -0.15�1.52 m3 /ha/yr for sawlog, and -0.65�1.52 m3/ha/yr for sawlog plus potential sawlog. Models for predicting the current and future growing stock levels were developed using multiple regression based on the three parameters of initial basal area (BO), initial volume (Yo), and the interval of time between successive measurements (t ). Regulating forests to obtain long-term sustained yields requires a continuous flow of information on growth and yield and the development of comprehensive management strategies based on this information. In this study, such growth and yield information have been used to determine an annual available cut for the Mt. Cole Blocks of approximately 5,364�1,854 m3/yr.
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    Logging residue assessment
    O'Hehir, James Francis ( 1993)
    A total logging residue assessment system is proposed specifically for application in the Pinus radiata D.Don. (radiata pine) plantations in South Australia and Western Victoria. The choice of line intersect sampling using pseudo-circular sample lines, believed not to have been tried before, ensures a robust sampling technique able to overcome any bias that exists in the alignment of residue following harvesting. An analysis is presented defining the bias and precision obtained from a variety of geometric sample line arrangements and sampling intensities. A cost effective residue sampling system of known efficiency can be implemented as an integral component in an overall yield regulation and control system.